Eurytoma, Illiger, 1807

Gómez, José Francisco, Nieves-Aldrey, José Luis, Nieves, María Hernández & Stone, Graham Nicholas, 2011, Comparative morphology and biology of terminalinstar larvae of some Eurytoma (Hymenoptera, Eurytomidae) species parasitoids of gall wasps (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae) in western Europe, Zoosystema 33 (3), pp. 287-323 : 310

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5252/z2011n3a3

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E487A7-AF5C-276B-05DC-FDBF6AD6FD76

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Eurytoma
status

 

Eurytoma sp. cf. jaceae

MATERIAL EXAMINED. — Ex Iraella luteipes : Spain. Madrid, Soto de Oreja, 3. VI.2006, J. L. Nieves leg (n = 2). — Madrid, Valdemorillo, 13. VI.2003, J. L. Nieves (n = 1).

DESCRIPTION

n = 3; Body length 1.5 mm; body width 0.65 mm (range 0.6-0.7) ( Figs 6C View FIG ; 8C View FIG ); ratio L/W = 2.57; ventral margin of body segments straight; anterodorsal protuberances present from second thoracic segment to the seventh abdominal, protruding beyond the dorsal margin of body segments ( Fig. 8C View FIG ).

Antero-medial setae of the antennal area situated slightly below the antennae; antero-medial setae of vertex situated relatively high on the upper face, much closer to the anterior margin of vertex than to the antennae ( Fig. 10D View FIG ); ratios SA/LAA = 0.66 and SA/DAV = 1.02; dorsal-labral setae longer than clypeal setae; ventral margin of clypeus with a distinct suture; labrum with deep divisions reaching the level of labral setae; lobes clearly differentiated; maxillary palps inconspicuous ( Fig. 12E View FIG ).

Mandibles with two teeth and exposed in part, with the tip of the first tooth visible ( Fig. 12E View FIG ); ratio L/W 1T = 1.67; outer margin of first tooth strongly convex, with the tip moderately recurved; apex of the second tooth straight, directed upwards in the same direction as the first tooth and more or less acute; inner margin of mandible from the base of second tooth more or less straight with the margin not interrupted ( Fig. 13K View FIG ).

BIOLOGY

This species is only known as a monophagous primary ectoparasitoid in the stem galls of Iraella luteipes (Thomson, 1877) on opium poppy ( Papaver somniferum L. [ Papaveraceae ]). It is univoltine and the fully-grown larvae overwinter inside the old galls, with adults emerging in the spring in synchrony with the development of new host galls.

REMARKS

The identification of material for this species as E. jaceae is doubtful, and it may represent an undescribed species. The adults of this material and typical E. jaceae differ in several morphological traits (Askew, pers.comm.).

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Eurytomidae