Rhamma commodus (Felder & Felder, 1865), Felder & Felder, 1865

Prieto, Carlos & Vargas, Maria A., 2016, Elfin butterflies of the genus Rhamma Johnson (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Theclinae): A review of the Colombian species, Zootaxa 4093 (3), pp. 323-342: 325-326

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4093.3.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F03731C8-DE0E-4CCA-9E11-A2DF5994C9A9

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E687EB-FFD4-8558-7CD3-FB35FB99FD29

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Rhamma commodus (Felder & Felder, 1865)
status

 

Rhamma commodus (Felder & Felder, 1865)  

( Figures 28, 29 View FIGURES 20 – 29 , 41, 62, 67)

Thecla commodus Felder & Felder, 1865   . Lectotype examined.

Paralustrus commodus (Felder & Felder, 1865)   : Johnson 1992: 164; D’Abrera 1995: 1142; Draudt 1919: 759, pl 153g. Paralustrus orosiensis Johnson 1992: 165   . Image of holotype examined.

Paralustrus salazari Le Crom & Johnson, 1993   . Image of holotype examined. Rhamma commodus (Felder & Felder, 1865)   : Robbins 2004.

Type material. Lectotype male, Bogotá. B.M. Type No. Rh. 607. Deposited in BMNH.

Taxonomic history and remarks. Johnson (1992) transferred Thecla commodus   to Paralustrus Johnson   , and described P. orosiensis Johnson, 1992   , P. paccius Johnson, 1992   , and P. familiaris Johnson 1992   within this genus. We have high quality images of the holotype of P. paccius   and they correspond to a female of Rhamma arria   . Holotypes of P. orosiensis   and P. salazari   correspond to slight geographic variations of the widely distributed P. commodus   . Robbins (2004) synonymized the genus Paralustrus   with Rhamma   considering only R. familiaris   and R. commodus   as valid species.

Distribution and variability. This species is distributed widely in Colombia; specimens have been collected from Nariño in southern Colombia to Serrania del Perijá between 2200 m and 3380 m. The dorsal fore- and hindwing tonality varies from blue to green along its geographic distribution or even in the same locality. We also found a wide gradient of variability in butterfly size.

Diagnosis. This species can be easily differentiated from other Colombian species of Rhamma   by its divergent ventral wing pattern that is reminiscent of those found in the genus Ocaria Clench. The   ventral hindwing features a light ochre, triangular spot (funnel shaped) starting from the costa to vein M 3 that is not present in any other Rhamma   species.

Material examined (68 ♂, 1 ♀). CAUCA: 10 ♂, CP, Totoró, La Horqueta, 2700 m, 26 /06/ 2013, 01/05/ 2009, 02/06/ 2009, C. Prieto; 3 ♂, CP, Stander. De Quilichao, 2450 m, 10 /06/ 2009; 4 ♂, CP, PNN Munchique, 2800 m, 14 / 05/ 2006, C. Prieto; 3 ♂, CP, Argelia, Naranjal, 2900 m, 18 /07/ 2006, C. Prieto. VALLE: 2 ♂, CP, Tenerifé, Páramo los Domínguez, 3200 m, C. Prieto; 3 ♂, CP, PNN Farallones, Alto del Buey, 3360 m, 01/01/ 2011. RISARALDA: 2 ♂, JFLC, Cerro Aguacatal, 17 / 11 / 1996, 15/05/ 1993. CALDAS: 1 ♂, JFLC, Cero Ingruma, 18 /07/ 1994. ANTIOQUIA: 5 ♂, CP, Yarumal, La Marconia, Antenas, 2700 m, 27 /07/ 2015, C. Prieto. CUNDINAMARCA: 5 ♂, JFLC, Bogotá, Páramo de Cruz Verde, 3200 m, 1997, 1998, 1999, J. F Le Crom; 2 ♂, JFLC, Cucunuba, 3200 m, 03/ 11 / 1996, Le Crom.; 1 ♂, JFLC, Subachoque, El Tablazo, 3000 m, 17 /09/ 1995; 1 ♂, JFLC, Choachi, 2200 m, 01/ 1993, Le Crom.; 1 ♂, JFLC, Mosquera, 2800 m, 02/ 11 / 1995, Le Crom. BOYACÁ: 9 ♂, CP, 1 ♀, Güican, La Capilla, 3380 m, 14 /01/ 2009, 29/ 12 / 2014, C. Prieto; 1 ♂, CP, Villadeleyva, PNN Iguaque, 2950 m, 30 /08/ 2006, C. Prieto; 2 ♂, JFLC, Tibasosa, 2800 m, 09/ 12 / 1995, Le Crom; 1 ♂, JFLC, Laguna de Tota, 3200 m, 16 /08/ 1993, Le Crom. CESAR: 8 ♂, CP, Manaure, Sabana Rubia, 2700m, 02/05/ 2015, C. Prieto.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Lycaenidae

Genus

Rhamma