Rhamma familiaris (Johnson, 1991), Johnson, 1991

Prieto, Carlos & Vargas, Maria A., 2016, Elfin butterflies of the genus Rhamma Johnson (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Theclinae): A review of the Colombian species, Zootaxa 4093 (3), pp. 323-342: 326

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4093.3.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F03731C8-DE0E-4CCA-9E11-A2DF5994C9A9

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E687EB-FFD5-8558-7CD3-FD10FC56F9B7

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Rhamma familiaris (Johnson, 1991)
status

 

Rhamma familiaris (Johnson, 1991)  

( Figures 27 View FIGURES 20 – 29 , 61 View FIGURES 51 – 62 , 67 View FIGURES 67 – 70 )

Thecla viridis Lathy, 1930: 135   . (invalid homonym of Thecla viridis Edwards, 1862: 223   ). Thecla familiaris Johnson, 1991   (replacement name).

Paralustrus familiaris Johnson, 1991   : Johnson (1992).

Type material. Holotype male, specimen typicum. Thecla viridis   . Ex. Coll. Monteiro. There is no locality label.

Taxonomic history and remarks. Described as Thecla viridis Lathy   , and treated as a subespecies of R. commodus   by some authors, the problem of its homonymy with Thecla viridis Edwards, 1862   , was not revealed until 1991 (Johnson 1991).

Distribution and variability. This species widely distributed in eastern and western Ecuador. In Colombia we have recorded several populations in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.

Diagnosis. This species could be confused with the highly variable R. commodus   in several Colombian localities, and the relationship between these two forms needs to be investigated further using DNA sequences. The phenotype of R. familiaris   from Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta ( Fig. 27 View FIGURES 20 – 29 ) is consistently greener and with a wider black margin on the dorsal fore- and hindwing than in R. commodus   from the Andes. For this reason we considered those specimens as R. familiaris   . However, we have no conclusive evidence to falsify the several hypotheses that are raised about its identity. Comparisons of mt DNA could help to determine if the specimens from Sierra Nevada are: 1) a distinct biological species; 2) a population geographically isolated of R. familiaris   (described from Bolivia); 3) a population geographically isolated of R. commodus   ; or 4) a subspecies of R. commodus   or R. familiaris   .

Material examined (8 ♂). MAGDALENA: 7 ♂, CP, Sierra nevada de Santa Marta, Cerro Kennedy, 2400 m, 19 / 10 / 2015; 1 ♂, CP, San Pedro de La Sierra, 2600 m, 11 /01/ 2013, C. Prieto.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Lycaenidae

Genus

Rhamma

Loc

Rhamma familiaris (Johnson, 1991)

Prieto, Carlos & Vargas, Maria A. 2016
2016
Loc

Thecla familiaris

Johnson 1991
1991
Loc

Paralustrus familiaris

Johnson 1991
1991
Loc

Thecla viridis

Lathy 1930: 135
1930
Loc

Thecla viridis

Edwards 1862: 223
1862