Nylanderia disatra, Kallal, 2019

Kallal, Robert J., 2019, Nylanderia of the World Part III: Nylanderia in the West Indies, Zootaxa 4658 (3), pp. 401-451: 414-417

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Nylanderia disatra

sp. nov.

Nylanderia disatra   , sp. nov.

Figs. 19–21 View FIGURES 19–21 (worker); 22–27 (male)

Holotype worker, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: near Reserva Científica Ebano Verde , 19°01.10’ N, 70°31.86’ W, elev. 1139 m, coffee plantation, 30.vii.2009, J.S. LaPolla & S.A. Schneider (USNMENT00753609) ( NMNH); 5 paratype workers with same locality data as holotype (specimens are from the same nest as holotype) ( NMNH & MCZC). GoogleMaps  

Worker diagnosis: Head and gaster dark brown, contrasting sharply with yellow antennae, mesosoma and legs; macrosetae on mesosoma dark brown contrasting sharply with yellow mesosoma.

Compare with: N. semitincta  

WORKER. Measurements (n=11): TL: 1.80–2.40; HW: 0.51–0.54; HL: 0.59–0.62; EL: 0.14–0.16; SL: 0.68– 0.72; WL: 0.71–0.78; GL: 0.50–0.99. SMC: 20–32 PMC: 2–4; MMC: 2–4. Indices: CI: 81–89; REL: 23–27; SI: 129–139; SI2: 20–24.

Head: sides of head in full face view rounded and slightly convergent anteriorly; posterolateral corners rounded; posterior margin straight and slightly emarginate medially; anterior clypeal margin evenly rounded; ocelli absent; eye well-developed. Mesosoma: in lateral view, pronotum subangular; anterior margin of mesonotum raised slightly above posterior pronotal margin; metanotal area without a short flat area before spiracle; dorsal face of propodeum distinctly convex; dorsal margins of propodeum and mesonotum approximately even in lateral view. Color and pilosity: Head and gaster dark brown to almost black, contrasting strongly with yellow mesosoma and petiole; antenna, mandible and legs yellow to brown-yellow; mesocoxa and metacoxa often whitish-yellow; macrosetae distinctly dark brown; scape and legs with layer of pubescence; head, mesosoma and gaster lack pubescence.

QUEEN. Measurements (n=1): TL: n/a; HW: 0.74; HL: 0.74; EL: 0.27; SL: 0.84; WL: 1.4; GL: n/a. SMC: 16; PMC: 3; MMC: 15. Indices: CI: 100; REL: 36; SI: 113. Generally, as in worker with modifications expected for caste and with the following noted differences: mesosoma coloration darker brown than in worker, and with distinct yellow color along segmental margins.

MALE. Measurements (n=4): TL: 2.0–2.1; HW: 0.50–0.52; HL: 0.51–0.53; EL: 0.20–0.22; SL: 0.61–0.65; WL: 0.78–0.87; GL: 0.72–0.75. SMC: 4–9; PMC: 0; MMC: 8–9. Indices: CI: 94–102; REL: 36–43; SI: 118–129.

Head: sides of head in full face view distinctly broader posterior to eyes; posterior margin rounded; clypeus evenly rounded anteriorly; mandible with 2 teeth, a long, distinct apical tooth and much smaller subapical tooth adjacent to apical tooth; basal angle sharp and distinct; Mesosoma: in lateral view, dorsal margin of mesoscutum same as height as dorsal margin of mesoscutellum; propodeum without distinct dorsal and declivitous faces. Genitalia: gonopod apex triangular but broadly rounded in lateral view; in dorsal view, gonopod margin curves away from penial sclerite; digitus with pointed apex that bends away from penial sclerite; cuspis tubular, rounded at apex bending sharply toward digitus; anteroventral process of penial sclerite coming to a point; valvura of penial sclerite placed approximately at midline (fig. 105). Color and pilosity: head and gaster dark brown, contrasting strongly with yellow mesosoma and petiole; antennae, mandibles and legs yellow to brown-yellow; mesocoxae and metacoxae often whitish-yellow; smooth and very shiny; scapes and legs with layer of pubescence; head, mesosomal notum and gastral tergites II-IV with dense pubescence.

Other material examined: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Prov   . La Vega: Reserva Cientifica Ebano Verde , elev. 1070m, N 19° 01.95’, W070° 32.59’, 2 December 2003, in leaf litter, M. Deyrup   ; La Vega Prov., Jarrabacoa to El Rio, 800–1500m, 5 Feb 1975, shady ravine, WL & DE Brown   ; La Vega Prov., 10 km NE Jarrabacoa, Raquet Club, 550m, FIT, 20.VII–4.VIII-1995, mixed forest, S+J Peck 95-37 GoogleMaps   ; Ma. Tr. Sa., Pr Loma Guaconejo , 19.29965 -69.94937 +/- 50 m, 190m, 21-JUL-2015, Lubertazzi, DL 03903 GoogleMaps   ; Ma. Tr. Sa. , Pr Loma Guaconejo , 19.30356 - 69.95433 +/- 50m, 290 m, 22-JUL-2015, Lubertazzi, DL 03924 GoogleMaps   ; Duarte Prov., Loma Quita Espuela, 19.35222 - 70.14871 +/- 20m, 720m, 25-JUL-2015, Lubertazzi, DL03962 GoogleMaps   ; Ma. Tr. Sa. , Pr Loma Guaconejo , 19.29529 -69.949 +/- 60m, 150m, 23/ 24-July-2015, Lubertazzi / Prebus T 4#9 GoogleMaps   ; Duarte Prov., Loma Quita Espuela , 19.34636 -70.14869 +/- 60m, 515m, 24/ 25-July-2015, Lubertazzi / Prebus T5#2 GoogleMaps   ; 4 km NNW Villa Altagracia, 18 42’N, 70 11’ W, 200 m, 12.ix.1992, P.S. Ward #11770-18 GoogleMaps   ; La Vega, betw. Jarabacoa & El Rio, 11.iv.1992, 1150 m, M.A. Ivie et al, pine forest Berlesate   ; Hato Mayor, P.N. Los Haitises, w of Sabana del Mar , 1.iv.1992, misc. litter, MA Ivie et al   .

Etymology: Species epithet is a combination of atratus (L. = darkened) with the prefix dis- (L. = separate), named for the contrasting appearance of this species.

Notes: This is a strikingly colored species (seen in all three castes, but most muted in the queen), and therefore is easy to separate from all other New World Nylanderia   known to date. Nylanderia semitincta   from Puerto Rico is similarly colored with the head distinctly darker brown (not as dark as in N. disatra   ), as are the pronotum and gaster, contrasting with the yellow propodeum and legs.


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History