Cremohipparion cf. matthewi

Denis Geraards, 2017, Late Miocene large mammals from Mahmutgazi, Denizli province, Western Turkey, Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie-Abhandlungen 284 (3), pp. 241-257: 248

publication ID 10.1127/njgpa/2017/0661


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Cremohipparion cf. matthewi


Cremohipparion cf. matthewi   ( ABEL, 1926 View )

There are two complete upper tooth-rows GoogleMaps   ( Fig. 5 D View Fig. 5 ), one with P3-M3, probably also a mandible GoogleMaps   with the front teeth and the premolars, and some more or less lower complete tooth-rows ( Fig. 5 View Fig. 5 E-G). The length of the series P2-P4 ranges from 64 to 68 mm, that of M1-M3 from 53 to 57 mm. The protocone is large and rounded on the upper premolars, and tends to connect anteriorly to the protoloph; it is smaller and more transversally compressed on the molars. The pli caballin is small, and sometimes multiple on the premolars. On a mandible, the diastema is rather short and the third incisor looks unreduced, but the specimen is not fully adult.

The metapodials GoogleMaps   are shorter and more slender than all other Turkish specimens measured by STAESCHE & SONDAAR (1979) from Kınık, Garkın, or Kayadibi, but are comparable with those of C. matthewi   from Kemiklitepe A-B or Samos Q5 ( KOUFOS & VLACHOU 2005, figs. 43-44).

Although no substantial part of the skull is preserved, the size of the tooth-rows, and those of the short, slender metapodials unambiguously indicate that this hipparion   belongs to a group of small-size forms, of which Cremohipparion matthewi   is the most common representative, and we tentatively assign the small hipparion   from Mahmutgazi to this species.