Pelodryadidae Günther, 1859,

Duellman, William E., Marion, Angela B. & Hedges, Blair, 2016, Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the treefrogs (Amphibia: Anura: Arboranae), Zootaxa 4104 (1), pp. 1-109: 36

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4104.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D598E724-C9E4-4BBA-B25D-511300A47B1D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03EA87A5-FF8A-120A-F398-896A3020F4B7

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Plazi

scientific name

Pelodryadidae Günther, 1859
status

 

Family Pelodryadidae Günther, 1859 

Pelodryadidae Günther, “ 1858  ” 1859: 345, Type genus: Pelodryas Günther, 1859  (= Litoria Tschudi, 1838  ), by original designation.

Definition. Arciferal pectoral girdle, eight procoelous presacral vertebrae, astragalus and calcaneum not fused, intercalary cartilages between terminal and penultimate phalanges, claw-shaped terminal phalanges, SVL from 18 mm in female Litoria microbelos ( Anstis 2013)  to 135 mm in Nyctimystes infrafrenatus  ; free-living aquatic tadpoles with LTRF of no more than 2 / 3. Chromosome complement 2 n = 26 (2 n = 24 in Nyctimystes infrafrenatus  ).

Content. Two subfamilies, three genera, and 208 species.

Distribution. Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Bismark Archipelago, Vanuatu, and Seram Island and Moluccas Islands in Indonesia. Introduced into New Caledonia and New Zealand.

Etymology. The familial name is taken from the generic name Pelodryas  , which is derived from the Greek pelo meaning clay or mud and the Greek dryos meaning tree; the implied meaning is unclear.

Remarks. The phylogenetic relationships of pelodryadid frogs has been a major problem. As stated by Frost et al. (2006: 204–205), “The extensive paraphyly of ‘ Litoria  ’ with respect to Cyclorana  and ‘ Nyctimystes  ’ remains the elephant in the room for Australian herpetology, and for reasons that escape us this spectacular problem has largely been ignored until recently.” As a result of their parsimony analysis that included three species of Nyctimystes  and eight of Litoria  (0.5 % of known pelodryadids) Frost et al. (2006) considered Nyctimystes  to be a junior synonym of Litoria  , because the generic recognition of Nyctimystes  made Litoria  paraphyletic. In our analysis, Phyllomedusidae  is the sister taxon of Pelodryadidae  , and these two families form the sister group to Hylidae  ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2). The results of a maximum likelihood analysis of molecular data from 109 species (52 % of known species) reveal three major clades of pelodryadids ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2). Within Pelodryadidae  two major clades of Litoria  , as currently recognized, make Litoria  paraphyletic with Nyctimystes  intervening. Thus, we resurrect Dryopsophus  for one of the clades of “ Litoria  .” Furthermore, we recognize the subfamily Pelodryadinae  to include Dryopsophus  and Nyctimystes  , while leaving Litoria  as the single genus in Pelobiinae. This classification necessitates rearrangement of the generic synonyms of Litoria  given by Frost (2015).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Amphibia

Order

Anura

Family

Pelodryadidae

Loc

Pelodryadidae Günther, 1859

Duellman, William E., Marion, Angela B. & Hedges, Blair 2016
2016
Loc

Litoria microbelos (

Anstis 2013
2013
Loc

Pelodryas Günther, 1859

Gunther 1859
1859
Loc

Pelodryadidae Günther, “ 1858

Gunther 1858
1858
Loc

Litoria

Tschudi 1838
1838