Dryopsophus Fitzinger, 1843,

Duellman, William E., Marion, Angela B. & Hedges, Blair, 2016, Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the treefrogs (Amphibia: Anura: Arboranae), Zootaxa 4104 (1), pp. 1-109: 40-41

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4104.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D598E724-C9E4-4BBA-B25D-511300A47B1D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03EA87A5-FF8E-1201-F398-8C8231A0F1DA

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Plazi

scientific name

Dryopsophus Fitzinger, 1843
status

 

Dryopsophus Fitzinger, 1843 

Dryopsophus Fitzinger, 1843: 39  . Type species: Hyla citropa Périn, 1807  , by original designation.

Euscelis Fitzinger, 1843: 31  . Type species: Hyla lesueurii Duméril and Bibron, 1841  , by original designation. Junior synonym of Euscelis Brulié, 1832  (Insecta).

Chiroleptes Günther 1859: 34  . Type species Alytes australis Gray 1842  . Preoccupied by Chiroleptes Kirby, 1837  (Insecta).

Pelodryas Günther, 1859: 119  . Type species Rana caerulea White, 1790  , by monotypy.

Cyclorana Steindachner, 1867: 29  . Type species: Cyclorana novaehollandiae Steindachner, 1867  , by monotypy.

Phractops Peters, 1867: 31  . Type species Phractops alutaceus Peters, 1867  (= Cyclorana novaehollandiae Steindachner  ), by monotypy.

Chirodryas Keferstein, 1867: 358  . Type species: Chirodryas raniformis Keferstein, 1867  , by monotypy.

Mitrolysis Cope, 1889: 312  . Type species: Chiroleptes alboguttatus Günther, 1867  , by monotypy.

Fanchonia Werner 1893: 81  . Type species: Fanchonia elegans Werner, 1893  (= Rana aurea Lesson, 1926  ), by monotypy.

Brendanura Wells  and Wellington, 1985: 4. Type species: Chiroleptes alboguttatus Gúnther, 1867  , by original designation.

Neophracops Wells and Wellington, 1985: 5. Type species: Chiroleptes platycephalus Günther, 1873  , by original designation.

Mosleyia Wells  and Wellington, 1985: 5. Type species: Hyla nannotis Andersson, 1916  , by original designation.

Definition. Pupil horizontally elliptical; palpebral membrane unpigmented ( Fig. 16View FIGURE 16. A E –F); tadpoles with small anteroventral or enlarged ventral oral discs; LTRF 2 / 3 or 0/0. Chromosome complement 2 n = 26.

Content. Seventy-one species: Dryopsophus alboguttatus (Günther)  , andiirrmalin  ( McDonald), aureus (Lesson)  , aruensis* (Horst), auae* (Menzies & Tyler), australis (Gray)  , barringtonensis (Copland)  , becki * (Loveridge), booroolongensis (Moore)  , brevipes (Peters)  , brongersmai * (Loveridge), bulmeri * (Tyler), caeruleus (White)  , callistus * (Kraus), cavernicolus (Tyler & Davies)  , chloris (Boulenger)  , citropus (Péron)  , cryptotis (Tyler & Martin)  , cultripes (Parker)  , cyclorhynchus (Boulenger)  , dahlii (Boulenger)  , daviesae (Mahony, Knowles, Foster & Donnellan)  , dayi (Günther)  , dorsivenus * (Tyler), elkeae * (Günther & Richards), eschatus * (Kraus & Allison), eucnemis (Lönnberg)  , exophthalmus (Tyler, Davies & Aplin)  , fusculus * (Oliver & Richards), genimaculatus (Horst)  , gilleni (Spencer)  , gracilentus (Peters)  , graminea  * (Boulenger), impurus (Peters & Doria)  , jungguy (Donnellan & Mahony)  , kroombitensis * (Hoskin, Hines, Meyer, Clarke & Cunningham), kumae (Menzies & Tyler)  , lesueurii (Duméril & Bibron)  , longipes (Tyler & Martin)  , loricus * Davies & McDonald, macki * (Richards), maculosus (Tyler & Martin)  , maini (Tyler & Martin)  , manya  (Van Beurden & McDonald), moorei (Copland)  , myolus * (Hoskin), nannotis (Andersson)  , napaeus* Tyler, novaehollandiae (Steindachner)  , nudidigitus (Copland)  , nyakalensis (Liem)  , pearsonianus (Copland)  , phyllochrous (Günther)  , piperatus * (Tyler & Davies), platycephalus (Günther)  , pratti * (Boulenger), raniformis (Keferstein)  , rarus* (Günther & Richards), rheocolus (Liem)  , rivicolus * (Günther and Richards), robinsonae * (Oliver, Stuart, Fox & Richards), sauroni  * (Richards & Oliver), serratus (Andersson)  , spenceri (Dubois)  , spiniferus * (Tyler), splendidus (Tyler, Davies & Martin)  , subglandulosus (Tyler & Anstis)  , vagitus (Tyler, Davies & Martin)  , verrucosus (Tyler & Martin)  , wilcoxii (Günther)  , and xanthomerus  (Davies, McDonald & Adams); all names are new combinations.

Distribution. Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea. Introduced in New Caledonia, New Hebrides, and New Zealand.

Etymology. The generic name is derived from the Greek dryos meaning tree and the Greek psophos meaning sound or noise. The name obviously refers to the calls from the trees. The gender is masculine.

Remarks. Only about one-third of the species of Dryopsophus  occur in New Guinea, and two of those species ( D. caeruleus  and D. eucnemis  ) are widespread in Australia.

Our analysis of molecular data on 66 % of the species of Dryopsophus  reveals five clades plus outlying species. The first clade has a support value of only 49 % and contains eight species in northern and eastern Australia. Within this group, a well-known species, Dryopsophus caeruleus  , is the type species of Pelodryas Günther. A  second clade having a support value of 100 % contains four species ranging from Queensland to Victoria in eastern Australia; a member of this group, D. lesueurii  , is the type species of Euscelis Fitzinger. Another  clade of four species with a support value of 93 % occurs in New Guinea and northern Queensland; no generic name is available for this group. A distinctive clade with a support value of 99 % contains four species of stream-breeding frogs in northern Queensland; one of these, D. nannotis  , is the type species of Mosleyia Wells  and Wellington. A large group of terrestrial species has been known as Cyclorana Steindachner  (type species C. novaehollandiae  ). In our analysis, this clade has a support value of only 64 %; the clade is widespread in northern Australia and in the interior of the continent. Further, more intense analyses should provide sufficient evidence for the recognition of Cyclorana  .

The tadpoles of many species in the mountains New Guinea and in Queensland in northern Australia develop in streams and have enlarged ventral mouths with a LTRF of 2 / 3 ( Tyler 1968; Günther & Richards 2005). Two species in Queensland, Dryopsophus daviesae  and D. subglandulosus  are unique in not only lacking labial tooth rows but also keratinized beaks ( Anstis 2013).

Kingdom

Animalia

Loc

Dryopsophus Fitzinger, 1843

Duellman, William E., Marion, Angela B. & Hedges, Blair 2016
2016
Loc

Rana aurea

Lesson 1926
1926
Loc

Hyla nannotis

Andersson 1916
1916
Loc

Fanchonia

Werner 1893: 81
1893
Loc

Fanchonia elegans

Werner 1893
1893
Loc

Mitrolysis

Cope 1889: 312
1889
Loc

Chiroleptes platycephalus Günther, 1873

Gunther 1873
1873
Loc

Cyclorana

Steindachner 1867: 29
1867
Loc

Cyclorana novaehollandiae

Steindachner 1867
1867
Loc

Phractops

Peters 1867: 31
1867
Loc

Phractops alutaceus

Peters 1867
1867
Loc

Chirodryas

Keferstein 1867: 358
1867
Loc

Chirodryas raniformis

Keferstein 1867
1867
Loc

Chiroleptes alboguttatus Günther, 1867

Gunther 1867
1867
Loc

Chiroleptes alboguttatus Gúnther, 1867

Gunther 1867
1867
Loc

Chiroleptes Günther 1859: 34

Gunther 1859: 34
1859
Loc

Pelodryas Günther, 1859: 119

Gunther 1859: 119
1859
Loc

Dryopsophus

Fitzinger 1843: 39
1843
Loc

Euscelis

Fitzinger 1843: 31
1843
Loc

Alytes australis

Gray 1842
1842
Loc

Hyla lesueurii Duméril and Bibron, 1841

Dumeril and Bibron 1841
1841
Loc

Chiroleptes

Kirby 1837
1837
Loc

Euscelis Brulié, 1832

Brulie 1832
1832
Loc

Hyla citropa Périn, 1807

Perin 1807
1807
Loc

Rana caerulea

White 1790
1790