Pithecopus Cope, 1866,

Duellman, William E., Marion, Angela B. & Hedges, Blair, 2016, Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the treefrogs (Amphibia: Anura: Arboranae), Zootaxa 4104 (1), pp. 1-109: 32-33

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Pithecopus Cope, 1866


Pithecopus Cope, 1866 

Pithecopus Cope, 1866: 86  . Type species: Phyllomedusa azurea Cope, 1862  , by original designation. Bradymedusa Miranda-Ribeiro. 1926: 104. Type species: Bradymedusa moschata Miranda Ribeiro (= Phyllomedusa rohdei  ) by subsequent designation by Funkhouser 1957: 18.

Definition. Medium-sized species (SVL ± 45 mm); Toe I much longer than, and opposable to Toe II ( Fig. 13 AView FIGURE 13. A); vomerine teeth absent; tadpoles with moderately small oral disc directed anteroventrally.

Content. Nine species: Pithecopus ayeaye Lutz  , azureus (Cope)  , centralis (Bokermann)  , hypochondrialis (Daudin)  , megacephalus (Miranda-Ribeiro)  , nordestinus (Caramaschi)  , oreades (Brandão)  , palliatus (Peters)  , and rohdei (Mertens)  , all are new combinations.

Distribution. Tropical South America east of the Andes from southern Venezuela to northern Argentina Etymology. The generic name is derived from the Greek pithekodes meaning ape-like. The gender is masculine.

Remarks. Lutz’s (1966) resurrection of Cope’s genus Pithecopus  was not accepted by most herpetologists; instead these frogs were designated as the Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis  Group (e.g., Faivovich et al. 2010). The monophyly of Pithecopus  is strongly supported (100 %), as is the monophyly of Pithecopus  + Callimedusa  ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4). The larger frogs in the genus Phyllomedusa  ( Fig. 13View FIGURE 13. A B) tend not to be agile branch walkers.




Pithecopus Cope, 1866

Duellman, William E., Marion, Angela B. & Hedges, Blair 2016


Funkhouser 1957: 18