Phyllomedusidae Günther, 1859,

Duellman, William E., Marion, Angela B. & Hedges, Blair, 2016, Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the treefrogs (Amphibia: Anura: Arboranae), Zootaxa 4104 (1), pp. 1-109: 32

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4104.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D598E724-C9E4-4BBA-B25D-511300A47B1D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03EA87A5-FFB6-1236-F398-8FA2317AF578

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Phyllomedusidae Günther, 1859
status

 

Family Phyllomedusidae Günther, 1859 

Phyllomedusidae Günther, “ 1858  ” 1859: 346. Type genus: Phyllomedusa Wagler, 1830  , by monotypy.

Definition. Iris  vertically elliptical; arciferal pectoral girdle, eight procoelous presacral vertebrae, separate calcaneum and astragalus, intercalary cartilages between terminal and penultimate phalanges, claw-shaped terminal phalanges, SVL from 45 mm in Callimedusa atelopoides ( Duellman et al. 1988)  to 119 mm in Phyllomedusa bicolor ( Venâncio & Melo-Sampiro, 2010)  . Chromosome complement 2 n = 26.

Content. Eight genera, 59 species.

Distribution. Neotropics, from Mexico to northern Argentina.

Etymology. The familial name is derived from the Greek phyll, meaning leaf, and the Greek Medousa. The name alludes to the gelatinous egg masses deposited on leaves of trees.

Remarks. Herein we include three genera that have not been recognized recently by previous authors. Two of these names are resurrected from the synonomies of Agalychnis  and Phyllomedusa  , whereas the third is new. Our maximum likelihood analysis includes 46 species, 78 % of the known members of the family. In the parsimony analysis of 45 species by Faivovich et al. (2010), some of the same clades emerge as in our analysis. The principal difference is in the proposed classifications. Our proposal of three additional genera is a reflection on some of the species groups recognized by Faivovich et al. (2010). We recovered a major clade of phyllomedusids with 100 % support. Within this clade are large frogs, genus Phyllomedusa  (100 % support), with vomerine teeth and another clade with 100 % support of smaller frogs lacking vomerine teeth (100 % support). Within the latter are two clades with significant support. One clade, Pithecopus  (100 % support), is characterized by having opposable thumbs and no bright flash colors. In the second clade, Callimedusa  (78 % support), the thumb is not opposable, and with one exception, all have bright flash colors.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Amphibia

Order

Anura

Family

Phyllomedusidae

Loc

Phyllomedusidae Günther, 1859

Duellman, William E., Marion, Angela B. & Hedges, Blair 2016
2016
Loc

Phyllomedusa bicolor ( Venâncio & Melo-Sampiro, 2010 )

Venancio & Melo-Sampiro 2010
2010
Loc

Callimedusa atelopoides (

Duellman et al. 1988
1988
Loc

Phyllomedusidae Günther, “ 1858

Gunther 1858
1858
Loc

Phyllomedusa

Wagler 1830
1830