Sorex salvini Merriam, 1897,

Matson, John O. & Ordóñez-Garza, Nicté, 2017, The taxonomic status of Long-tailed shrews (Mammalia: genus Sorex) from Nuclear Central America, Zootaxa 4236 (3), pp. 461-483: 476

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4236.3.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3972C854-F755-4639-B942-30A3FA4151EC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03EC8783-FFEC-FFB8-FF7B-FD9D0119F8A0

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Sorex salvini Merriam, 1897
status

 

Sorex salvini Merriam, 1897 

Salvin’s Shrew

Sorex salvini Merriam, 1897:229  . Type locality: “Calel, Totonicapan [sic], Guatemala (alt., 10200 ft. = 3100 meters).”

Sorex godmani Merriam, 1897:229  . Type locality: “Volcano Santa Maria, Quezaltenango [sic], Guatemala (alt., 9000 ft. = 2740 meters).

Sorex saussurei godmani: Jackson, 1928:158 

Sorex saussurei salvini: Jackson, 1928: 159 

Sorex salvini: Woodman et al. 2012: 214 

Holotype. Number 77035, U. S. Nat. Mus., Biological Survey Collection; adult, female, skin and skull; collected January 12, 1896, by E. W. Nelson and E. A. Goldman, original number 9 0 57. 

Distribution. Highlands of northwestern, central, and eastern Guatemala.

Diagnosis. Sorex salvini  is a member of the Sorex salvini  species group. It is the largest of this species group in body measurements (except for S. sclateri  ), but is intermediate in skull size ( Table 1). The color of the dorsum is more gray/brown than in S. cristobalensis  , about the same color below; tail is gray/brown above, slightly paler below. Specimens from Yaiquich, Huehuetenango, are more chocolate brown, as is a topotype ( USNM 77071). U3 is usually taller than U4, but the type specimen has U3 = U4.

Description. The body size of S. salvini  averages larger than in S. cristobalensis  , S. mccarthyi  , or S. stizodon  , but smaller than S. sclateri  . The skull averages smaller in most measurements than in S. cristobalensis  or S. sclateri  , but larger than in S. mccarthyi  or S. stizodon  . Sorex salvini  has a relatively short mandible, longer toothrow, and shorter rostrum compared to S. cristobalensis  and S. mccarthy  i.

Ecology. Sorex salvini  is found in broad-leaved and coniferous cloud forests of Alta Verapaz, Huehuetenango, Quetzaltenango, and Totonicapán. Depending upon the mountain range, known small mammal associates include Cryptotis mam  , C. lasertosus  , C. oreoryctes  , Habromys lophurus, Handleyomys  saturatior, Heteromys desmarestianus, Marmosa  mexicana, Microtus guatemalensis, Nyctomys  sumichrasti, Oligoryzomys  fulvescens, Peromyscus beatae  , P. grandis  , P. guatemalensis  , P. mayensis  , Reithrodontomys microdon  , R. sumichrasti  , R. tenuirostris, Scotinomys  teguina, and Sorex veraepacis  ( Carleton & Huckaby 1975; Woodman 2010, Woodman 2011b; Matson et al. 2014). Nothing is known about its reproductive habits.

Specimens examined (14). Guatemala, Alta Verapaz: Finca Chinaux, Campamento de los Helechos , 2040 m ( CM 120109View Materials – 120110)  ; Huehuetenango: San Mateo Ixtatán, Cerro Bobí ( USAC 26View Materials)  ; San Mateo Ixtatán, Aldea Chiloala Zum ( USAC 27View Materials)  ; Todos Santos ( USNM 77023View Materials)  ; Yiaquich, 4 km NW Sta Eulalia, San Mateo Ixtatán , 2950 m ( UMMZ 117849–117850View Materials)  ; Quiche: Chimel Grande , 12.6 km N, 9 km E Uspantan, 2490 m, 15.46208 N, 90.78811 W ( MVZ 226939View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Quetzaltenango: Volcán Santa María 9000 ft. ( USNM 77044–77046View Materials)  ; 4 km SE Zunil (Finca la Chingada) 2720 m ( USNM 569591View Materials)  ; Totonicapán, Calel , 10,200 ft. ( USNM 77035, 77071)  .

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

USAC

University of Western Australia

UMMZ

University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology

MVZ

Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California Berkeley

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Mammalia

Order

Soricomorpha

Family

Soricidae

Genus

Sorex

Loc

Sorex salvini Merriam, 1897

Matson, John O. & Ordóñez-Garza, Nicté 2017
2017
Loc

Sorex salvini:

Woodman 2012: 214
2012
Loc

Sorex saussurei godmani:

Jackson 1928: 158
1928
Loc

Sorex saussurei salvini:

Jackson 1928: 159
1928
Loc

Sorex salvini

Merriam 1897: 229
1897
Loc

Sorex godmani

Merriam 1897: 229
1897