Milnesium tardigradum Doyère, 1840,

Kaczmarek, Łukasz, 2017, Annotated zoogeography of non-marine Tardigrada. Part IV: Africa, Zootaxa 4284 (1), pp. 1-74: 20-22

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4284.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1CD17B31-E3D0-4BFB-8B69-144D97949038

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03ED740D-3204-7E50-FF6B-FA556FC4FDC6

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Milnesium tardigradum Doyère, 1840
status

sensu lato

46. Milnesium tardigradum Doyère, 1840  sensu lato [T] [m]

M. taRdigRadum  Doy. ( Murray 1907a, Pardi 1941)

ARctiscon  taRdigRadum  Schrank ( Murray 1913)

M. taRdigRadum  Doy.? 1812 ( Marcus (1936)

Milnesium taRdigRadum  ( Franceschi 1957)

Milnesium taRdigRadum Doyère 1840  (da Cunha & do Nascimento 1964, Pilato et al. 2003) Milnesium taRdigRadum  ( Ramløv & Kristensen 1985)

Milnesium taRdigRadum Doyere, 1840  ( Middleton 2003)

Milnesium taRdigRadum Doyère, 1840  ( Gąsiorek et al. 2017)

Terra typica  : France (Europe), terra  neotypica: Germany (Europe)

Angola:

• 07°47′S, 15°01′E; 650 m asl: Uíge Province, near Carmona [Uíge], Estate at Pumba Loge, mosses and lichens. da Cunha & do Nascimento (1964)

• 14°55′S, 13°30′E; 1,750 m asl: Huíla Province, surroundings of Sá da Bandeira [Lubango], mosses and lichens. da Cunha & do Nascimento (1964)GoogleMaps 

Botswana:

• 19°10′S, 23°25′E; 950 m asl: North West District, Moremi , moss or lichen on tree or rock. Middleton (2003)GoogleMaps 

• 24°25′S, 25°31′E; 1,150 m asl: Kweneng District, Molepolole , moss or lichen on tree or rock. Middleton (2003) Democratic Republic of Congo:GoogleMaps 

• 00°04′S, 29°18′E; 1,950 m asl: North Kivu Province, outskirts of Lukanga, lichen. Pilato et al. (2003)GoogleMaps 

• 01°10′S, 28°28′E; 1,000 m asl: North Kivu Province, outskirts of Mohanga, moss ( Entodon  sp.). Pilato et al. (2003)GoogleMaps 

Ethiopia:

• 04°03′N, 38°19′E; 1,700 m asl: Oromia Region, Mēga, moss ( NeckeRa  sp.) on tree ( JunipeRus  pRoceRa), plant no 80, lichen, former English residence, moss on tree ( JunipeRus  pRoceRa) and lichen on tree (bark of JunipeRus  pRoceRa) (4 samples). Pardi (1941)

Israel and Palestinian National Authority:

• 31°48′N, 35°06′E; 700 m asl: Judean Mountains, Kiriath-Jearim [Kariathiarim], semi-humid climate. Rahm (1936)

• 31°46′N, 35°12′E; 750 m asl: Judean Mountains, Jerusalem, Monastery of the Cross , garden in Katamin , semi-humid climate, lichen ( XanthoRia  paRietina L.) on olive tree. Rahm (1936)GoogleMaps 

Jordan:

• 31°50′N, 36°49′E; 500 m asl: Zarqa Governorate, Zarqa [Azarq Wetland Reserve], moss. Kaczmarek & Michalczyk (2004a)

Kenya:

• 00°01′S, 37°54′E: Undefined locality, British East Africa [ Kenya], moss. Murray (1913)

Lesotho:

• 29°19′S, 27°29′E; 1,550 m asl: Maseru District, Maseru, moss or lichen on tree or rock. Middleton (2003)GoogleMaps 

• 29°35′S, 29°17′E; 2,900 m asl: Thaba-Tseka District, Sani Pass , lichen on stone fence. Meyer & Hinton (2009)GoogleMaps 

• 29°38′S, 27°31′E; 1,750 m asl: Maseru District, Morija , moss or lichen on tree or rock. Middleton (2003)GoogleMaps 

Morocco:

• 33°31′N, 05°07′W; 1,650 m asl: Meknès-Tafilalet Region, Ras al Ma [Res el Ma], mosses trees ( Cedrus  ) and rocks. Séméria (1986)GoogleMaps 

• 33°27′N, 05°13′W; 1,250 m asl: Meknès-Tafilalet Region, ca. 30 [60] km S of Meknes, Azrou , lichens. Séméria (1986)GoogleMaps 

• 32°25′N, 05°13′W; 1,750 m asl: Meknès-Tafilalet Region, S of Azrou , cedar forest, mosses on limestone boulders and basalt in the forest glade (2 samples). Ramløv & Kristensen (1985)GoogleMaps 

• 30°27′N, 07°32′W; 1,850 m asl: Souss-Massa-Drâa Region, Tizi-n-Taghatine , sparse vegetation, mosses and lichens on isolated basalt cliffs. Ramløv & Kristensen (1985)GoogleMaps 

Namibia:

• 20°28′S, 16°39′E; 1,500 m asl: Otjozondjupa Region, Otjiwarongo. Marcus (1936)GoogleMaps 

Republic of South Africa:

• 23°03′S, 29°54′E; 950 m asl: Limpopo Province, Louis Trihardt , moss or lichen on tree or rock. Middleton (2003)GoogleMaps 

• 25°45′S, 28°11′E; 1,300 m asl: Gauteng Province, Pretoria , moss. Murray (1913)GoogleMaps 

• 29°38′S, 27°31′E [25°32′S, 26°05′E]; 1,250 m asl: North West Province, Rustenberg [RustenbuRg], moss or lichen on tree or rock. Middleton (2003)

• 25°39′S, 27°10′E; 1,300 m asl: North West Province, Rustenberg [ RustenbuRg ], moss or lichen on tree or rock. Middleton (2003)GoogleMaps 

• 25°58′S, 27°32′E [25°59′S, 27°33′E]; 1,400 m asl: Gauteng Province, Magaliseberg [MagaliesbuRg], moss or lichen on tree or rock. Middleton (2003)

• 26°18′S, 26°55′E [26°19′S, 26°49′E]; 1,500 m asl: North West Province, Ventersdorp, moss or lichen on tree or rock. Middleton (2003)

• 28°13′S, 31°57′E; 350 m asl: KwaZulu-Natal Province, Hluhluwe-Imfolozi Game Park , lichen on tree ( Acacia  ). Meyer & Hinton (2009)GoogleMaps 

• 29°44′S, 22°44′E: Undefined locality, Cape Colony [Cape Province]. Murray (1907a)

• 29°44′S, 30°32′E; 750 m asl: KwaZulu-Natal Province, Tala Private Game Reserve , lichen on tree ( Acacia  ). Meyer & Hinton (2009)GoogleMaps 

Somalia:

• 11°20′N, 49°45′E; 2,000 m asl: Bari Region, Migiurtinia, Uar Medò mountain group [ Warmadoow ] lichen. Franceschi (1957)GoogleMaps 

Tunisia:

• 36°57′N, 08°45′E; 0 m asl: Jendouba Governorate, surroundings of Tabarka. Binda & Pilato (1987)GoogleMaps 

• 36°07′N, 08°30′E; 350 m asl: Kef Governorate, road between El Kef and Sakiet, 23 km W El Kef, Qued el Kohl, scrub, sparse vegetation, with stony ground and thin layer of surface soil, soil with vegetable debris or litter under trees ( Pinus halepensis  and JunipeRus phoenicus  ). Iharos (1978)

• 36°07′N, 08°32′E; 450 m asl: Kef Governorate, along road from El Kef and Sakiet, “strongly insolated area”, lichen on soil. Iharos (1978)

• 36°22'55''N, 10°07'03''E; 357 m asl: Zaghouan Governorate, Zaghouan, forest, moss on soil. Gąsiorek et al. (2017)GoogleMaps 

Uganda:

• 01°22′N, 32°17′E: Undefined locality. Murray (1913)

Zimbabwe:

• 20°30′S, 30°30′E [20°16′S, 30°56′E]; 1,150 m asl: Masvingo Province, Great Zimbabwe, moss or lichen on tree or rock.

Middleton (2003)

• 20°49′S, 30°30′E [20°30′S, 28°26′E]; 1,400 m asl: Matabeleland South Province, Matopos, moss or lichen on tree or rock. Middleton (2003)

Record numbers. Angola: 2, Botswana: 2, Democratic Republic of Congo: 2, Ethiopia: 1, Israel and Palestinian National Authority: 3, Jordan  ; 1, Kenya: 1, Lesotho: 3, Morocco: 4, Namibia: 1, Republic of South Africa: 9, Somalia: 1, Tunisia: 4, Uganda: 1, Zimbabwe: 2; total: 37. 

Remarks. For over 150 years Milnesium  was considered to be a monotypic, highly cosmopolitan genus. However, current research recognises over twenty congeners and suggests that Milnesium tardigradum  sensu stricto is confined to the Palaearctic (see: Michalczyk et al. 2012a,b). All African reports of M. tardigradum  pre-date the re-description of M. tardigradum  sensu stricto ( Michalczyk et al. 2012a,b) and therefore these records should be questioned and re-examination using modern taxonomy. Currently, there is no evidence to confirm or deny the presence of M. tardigradum  s. s. in Africa, and the above list probably represents a number of different Milnesium  species ( Michalczyk et al. 2012a,b).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Annelida

Class

Polychaeta

Order

Phyllodocida

Family

Aphroditidae

Genus

Milnesium

Loc

Milnesium tardigradum Doyère, 1840

Kaczmarek, Łukasz 2017
2017
Loc

M. taRdigRadum

Kaczmarek 2017
2017
Loc

taRdigRadum

Kaczmarek 2017
2017
Loc

terra

Johnson & Matusik 1988
1988
Loc

Milnesium taRdigRadum Doyère 1840

Doyere 1840
1840
Loc

Milnesium taRdigRadum

Doyere 1840
1840
Loc

Milnesium taRdigRadum

Doyere 1840
1840
Loc

Milnesium taRdigRadum Doyère, 1840

Doyere 1840
1840
Loc

ARctiscon

Schrank 1803
1803