Priocera castanea ( NEWMAN , 1838)

Opitz, Weston, 2021, Taxonomic revision of the West ern Hemisphere checkered beetle genus Priocera KIRBY (Coleoptera, Cleridae, Clerinae), Linzer biologische Beiträge 52 (2), pp. 1145-1255 : 1163-1166

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.5038854

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Priocera castanea ( NEWMAN , 1838)


Priocera castanea ( NEWMAN, 1838) ( Figs 85 View Figs 85-87 , 88 View Figs 88 , 114 View Figs 112-115 )

Opilus castaneous NEWMAN, 1838: 380.

HOLOTYPE: ♀. North America, Mount Pleasant, Ohio ( BMNH). CORPORAAL 1950: 99. KNULL 1951: 289. EKIS (now OPITZ) 1975: 20.

A d d i t i o n a l m a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d ( Fig. 88 View Figs 88 ): In addition to the holotype, I examined 348 specimens from: The United States of America: Pennsylvania, Dauphin County, Rockville, 25-VII-1970, H. B. Kirk; Philadelphia County, Manayunk , no other information ; Green County, Rutan , 6- VIII- 1966, R. W. Surdick ; Fulton County, 0.2 km SE Barnes Gap, Sideling Hill Barrens , 19- VIII- 1996, 245 m, light trap, W. Quin Metheny ; Clinton County, 5.4 km N Monument , 22-VII- 2011, 347 m, P. Woods ; Allegheny County, no other information; New Jersey, Burlington County, Atsion , 10-VI-1945, J. W. Green ; Middlesex County, Jamesburg ,?-IX-?, collector not noted ; Ocean County,?- VII-1915, collector not noted ; Burlington County, Medford Township, Lake Pine , 2-VII-1975, D. C. Rentz ; idem, Tabernacle Turnpike, Oak Shade-Flyatt Road , 30-VI-1971, blacklight trap, Howard P. Boyd ; Fulton County, 3 m N Cowans Gap Park, 10-VII-1988, J. E. Wappes, Illinois, Will County , Joliet , 20-VII-1935, collector not noted ; Putnam County, 8 km W Magnolia , 24-VII-1985, J. Powell ; La Salle County, Starved Rock , 3-VII-1948, Floyd G. Werner ; Fayette County, 2.7 km SW Vandalia , 22-VI-22-VII- 2016, 168 m, C. Wetzel ; Saint Clair County, 1.1 km NNW East Saint Louis , 14-30-VI-2016, S. Mils ; McLean County, 12-VII-1896, A. B. Wolcott ; New York, Suffolk County, Yaphank, Long Island , 30-VII-1895, A. C. Weeks ; Bronx County, Van Courtland Park, no other information ; Seneca County,?- VIII- 1971, Lenczy ; Tompkins County, Ithaca, Cornell Campus , 1- VIII- 1979, R. & K. Gemmill ; Tompkins County, Groton , 20- VI-1956, N. M. Downie ; Indiana, Porter County, Dunes State Park , 9-VII-1966, M. N. Downie ; Tippecanoe County, W Lafayette, 24-VI-1977, J. F. MacDonald ; Kansas, Johnson County, Overland Park Arboretum , nursery, 6-12-VI-2006, canopy trap, A Cruz ; Wabaunsee County, Bolton Wildlife Area , near Paxico, NE access point, 22-V-2012, Z. H. Falin ; Woodson County, Cross Timbers State Park, East Spillway Access , near lagoon, 8-11-VI-2010, Z. H. Falin, K. T. Eldrege, S. R. Cave, J. Ortega-Blanco ; Douglas County, Lawrence, KU West Campus , 8-14-VII-1995, Steve Lingafelter ; Pottawatomie County, Onaga , no other information available ; Labette County, Oswego , 28-VI-1962, night lights, G. F. Hevel ; idem, 20-VI-1964, under bark, G. H. Hevel ; Clark County, State Lake , 19- VIII- 2004, Malaise trap, G. Salsbury ; Ohio, Scioto County, 3-VII-1949, J. F. Smith ; Clinton County, 9-VII-1956, collector not noted ; Clinton County, 8-VII-1956, F. Moore ; Allen County, Lima , 16-VII-1990, J. A. Green ; Auglaize County, 1 km NE Wapakoneta , 10-22-VII-2013, C. Poe ; Hamilton County, Cincinnati , no other information ; Hocking County, 8- VIII- 1924, J. N. Knull ; Michigan, Monroe County, 26-VI-1965, Malaise trap, James Truchan ; Allegan County, Allegan State Forest , 3- VIII- 1972, collector not noted ; Wayne County, Detroit, Schwarz ; Ingham County, East Lansing , 21-VII-1972, Daniel K. Young ; Montana, Ravalli County, New Florence , 6-VII-1980, Douglas Yanega ; Missouri, Randolph County, 10- VIII- 1975, E. G. Riley ; Carter County, Pinewoods Lake , 22-VI-1987, reared from dead Pinus echinata, T. C. MacRae ; Saint Louis County, 2.4 km E Maryland , heights, 27-VI-11-VII- 2016, 193 m, L. Trevathan ; Cole County, 25- VII-1970, Ramon Gass ; Boone County, 30-VI-1974, P. Kinslowe ; idem, Columbia , 27-VII-1971, W. S. Craig ; Jefferson County, Arnold, Bay Shore subdivision, 16-VII-1975, S. E. Thewke ; Holt County, Mound City , 14-VII-1968, Malaise trap, collector not noted ; Randolph County, Moberly , 11- VIII- 1972, W. Bivin ; Washington D. C., Glen Echo ,?- VII-1939, J. C. Bridwell ; West Virginia, Greenbrier County, White Sulphur Springs ,?-VII-?, collector not noted ; Virginia, Roanoke County, Roanoke , 12-17-VI-1991, E. Riley ; Rockbridge County, 2.1 km NE Buena Vista , 20-IV-17-VI- 2018, D. Hetzel ; Maryland, Prince George’s County, Beltsville , 21- VIII- 1958, H. P. Lanchester ; Montgomery County, Plummers Island , 13-VII-2002, W. E. Steiner & J. M. Swearinger ; Talbot County, Wittman , 28-VII-1974, W. E. Steiner ; Little, Bennett Regional park, Campground area , 25- VII- 2015, 180 m, MV/UV light, S. M. Lingafelter ; Tennessee, Hamilton County, Signal Mountain , 22-VII-1921, C. F. Dalman ; North Carolina, Craven County, 1 mile NE, Bachlor , 14-VI-1965, H. A. Hespenheide ; Catawba County, Hog Hill 3-10-VI-1976, R. Turnbow ; Currituck County, Currituck , 13-VI-1991, R. W. Surdick ; Dare County, Roanoke Island , 16-VI-1983, S. W. Gifford ; Wake County , 2 miles NW Raleigh, 19-VI-1964, George A. Matuza ; Dare County, Manteo , 13-VII- 1983, S. M. Gifford ; Moore County, Southern Pines, Durham County , Durham, no other information ; Moore County, Southern Pines , 7- VIII- 1912, A. H. Manee ; South Carolina, Pickens County, Clemson, Clemson University , 24-V-1931, Alfred Lutken ; Greenville County, Greenville , 26-VII-1974, at lights, Richard S. Peigler ; Georgia, Thomas County, Thomasville , 12-V-1948, F. Werner, W. Nutting ; Calhoun County, Cordrays Pond , 14-VI-1946, P. W. Fattig ; Montgomery County, Uvalda area ,?- VI-1990, R. Morris ; Henry County, Nail Road , 9-V-1995, R. Beshear ; Jackson County, Hardman Forest , 10-15- VIII- 1975, R. Turnbow ; Clinch County, 6.3 miles NE Edith on highway 177, emerged from 4-6 inch diameter dead trunk of Taxodium distichum during 21-30-IV-2008, L. C. Rich collected trunk on 31-II-2006 ; Glynn County, Brunswick , 5-VI-1952, D. G. Kissinger ; Fulton County, 3.6 km NNE Union City , 30-VI-27-VII-2016, E. Dendy ; Douglas County, 1.8 km SE Austell , 8-22-VII-2016, E. Dendy ; Chatham County, 0.9 km E Port Wentworth , 11-25-VI-2015, S. Davis ; Green County, 3.9 km W Siloam , 3-17-VI-2015, R. Willits ; Lamar County, Milner , 19-VI-1933, T. L. Bissell ; idem, Milner ,?- VI-1990, R. Morris ; Walton County, Monroe , 20-VI-1945, P. W. Fattig ; Clarke County, 10-VI-1968, R. T. Franklin ; DeKalb County, Dunwoody ,?-?-1955, E. F. Menhinick ; DeKalb County, Stone Mountain area , 2-VII-1971, J. E. Wappes ; idem, Whitehall Forest , 25-30-VI-1976, R, Turnbow ; Florida, Liberty County, Torreya State Park , 6-V-1989, R. Turnbow ; Wakulla County, Apalachicola National Forest , 20-27-VI-2005, Malaise in pine-oak savanna ; Duval County, Jacksonville , 20-V-1959, P. H. Thompson ; Tampa , collection date not noted, Hubbard & Schwartz ; Putnam County, Crescent City , collection date not noted, Hubbard & Schwartz ; Saint Lucie County, Capron , collection date not noted, Hubbard & Schwartz ; Alachua County, Gainesville , 30-IV-1976, light, Joe Schuh ; Highlands County, Archibold Biological Station , 19-IV-1976, William Rosenberg ; idem, Sebring , 10-IV-1991, R. Morris ; Mississippi, Marshall County, Wall Doxey State Park , 5-6-VI-1999, R. L. Brown ; Noxubee County, Noxubee Wildlife Refuge , 16- VIII- 1984, Soowon Cho ; George County, Mixon Lake , hillside, 9-10-IV-1999, Clint Alien ; Smith County, 1 mile N Raleigh , 14-15-VI-1985, R. Brown, G. Burrows ; Warren County, Vicksburg , 15-VI-2014, Ricky Patterson ; Winston County, Tombigbee National Forest , 1-VI-1999, J. A. MacGown ; Jackson County, Gulf Island National Sea., 3-6-VI- 1984, B. Brown, G. Baker ; Kemper County, 2 miles N Scooba , 8- VIII- 1991, T.L.Schiefer ; Webster County, 2 miles SE Cumberland , 12-VI-1990, T. L. Schiefer ; Holmes County, Holmes County State Park , 8-VI-1994, T. L. Schiefer ; Tishomingo County, Tishomingo State Park , 6-VI-1992, blacklight, P. K. Lago ; Claiborne County, 3.6 miles W Port Gibson , 12-VII-1993, T. L. Schiefer ; Harrison County, Gulfport , 25-VI-1938, J. H. Roberts ; Oktibbeha County, Starkville , 15-VII-1971, at artificial lights, W. H. Cross ; 6 miles SW Starkville , 11-VII-1984, R. L. & B. B. Brown ; Rankin County, 4 miles NNE Brandon , 23-VI-1973, W. H. Cross ; Forrest County, Hattiesburg ,?- V-1957, B. & B. Valentine ; Alabama, Tuscaloosa County, Tuscaloosa , 9-VI-1952, B. Valentine ; Lee County, Opelika , 23-VI-1979, T. King ; Bibb County, Glades Preserve , 5-VI-2003, R. L. Brown ; Lawrence County, Joe Wheeler State Park , 25-V-2004, T. L.Schiefer ; Baldwin County, Bon Secour N. W. Refuge, 6-IX-1988, L. Corpus & T. Schiefer ; Monroe County, Haynes Island Park, 26-29-V- 1995, D. M. Pollock ; Dale County, Fort Rucker Mil. Res. Reservation , 8-17-V-2015, R. Turnbow ; Walker County, Jasper , 9-XI-1978, light trap, Tina King ; Clay County, Cheaha State Park, Cheaha Mountain , 10- VIII- 1985, 2,400 feet, E. G. Riley ; Jackson County, 1.8 km WNW Hollytree , 13-VI- 2008, UV trap, Androw, Karns, Grisham ; Shelby County, Helena , 8-VI-1957, at light, H. R. Steeves ; Jefferson County, Birmingham , 12-VI-1956, collector not noted ; Blount County, Highland Lake , 12-24-IV-2013, light trap, T. King ; Mobile County, Mobile , collection date not noted, collector information not readable ; Grand Bay , 10-VI-1907, H. P. Löding ; Lousiana, Natchitoches County, Kisatchie National Forest , 2 miles E Red Bluff, 17-18-VI-1988, C. B. Barr ; West Feliciana Parish , 2 miles W Weyanoke, 26-VI-1987, Tunica Hills, William D. Shepard ; Bossier Parish, Barksdale Air Force Base , 12-VI-1996, D. M. Pollock ; Clairborne Parish, Lake Clairborne State Park , 6-VII-1983, E. G. Riley ; Natchitoches Parish, Voweils Mill , 2-VI-1975, M. Druckenbrod ; Arizona, Flagstaff , 15-VI-1904, Pinus, J. L. Webb ; Oklahoma, Cleveland County, Norman , 16-VII-1975, light trap, William D. Shepard ; Oklahoma County, Luthe r, 26-VI-1991, hickory/oak forest, Chuck Harp ; Latimer County, 5 miles W Red Oak , 27-VI-1977, K. Stephan ; Texas, Lamar County, Camp Maxey , 3.4 km S Powderly, 16-VI-20-VI-2009, Malaise, J. C. Abbot ; Bastrop County, Smithville, Stengl Biological Station , 20-V-3-VI-2011, T. H. Atkinson ; Hardin County.?- VII-1991, F. B. Camors ; Nolan County, Lake Sweetwater area , 29-VI-1989, P. Morris ; Brazos County, 5 km SW Wellborn , 23-VII-2016, lights, V. Belov ; Sabine County, 8 miles E Hemphill , 24-V-7-VI-2008, Lindgren / jug trap, E. Riley, B. Raber, & D. Heffern ; Van Zandt County, 0.3 km N Edom , 11-25-VII- 2016, 157 m ; Nacogdoches County, Nacogdoches , 8-VI-1960, Entomology class ; Walker County, Huntsville , 19-VI-1971, T. Rush ; Colorado County, Columbus , collection date not noted, Hubbard & Schwartz ; Culberson County, Guadalupe National Park, Upper Dog Canyon , 14-VII-1975, D. E. Foster ; Kent County, The Woodlands , 12-V-1978, J. E. Wappes ; Hardin County, Southern Pine Beetle infested trees,?- VII-1971, F. B. Camore, Jr .; Montgomery County, Woodlands , 23-V-1980, J. E. Wappes ; idem, 1-8-VII-1978, R. Turnbow. Specimens are deposited in: ACMT, AMNH, CSUC, FMNH, FSCA, KSUC, MEMU, RFMC, RHTC, SEMC, UMRM, USNM, UTBC, WFBM, and WOPC .

D i a g n o s i s: Forebody, pterothorax, and legs castaneous; antenna testaceous; elytra tricolorous, mostly castaneous, with 3 yellow markings, one at elytral base near mesoscutellum, one in front of middle near epipleural margin, one behind middle near sutural margin, apical 1/3 rd testaceous.

R e d e s c r i p t i o n: Size: Length 8.0 mm; width 2.0 mm. Form: As in Fig. 114 View Figs 112-115 . Head: Frons wider than length of antennal pedicel; EW/FW 33/30. Thorax: Pronotal sides wrinkled, pronotum proper and pronotal arch finely punctate, pronotum proper with 2 tumescences ( PW /PL 85/130); elytral disc with basal tumescenses, middle of disc concave, disc sculptured with striate, asetiferous punctures that extend beyond basal 1/2, but do not reach elytral apex, latter narrowly rounded ( EL /EW 330/60); metathoracic femur gradually increasing in diameter to femoral apex. Abdomen: Male visible abdominal ventrite V deeply widely emarginate distally; aedeagus as in Fig. 85. View Figs 85-87

V a r i a t i o n: Size: Length 5.0-9.0 mm; width 1.2-2.5 mm. The yellow elytral spot near the mesoscutellum may be faintly visible or absent.

N a t u r a l h i s t o r y: Specimens were collected mostly during spring and summer months. One specimen emerged from a dead trunk of bald Cyprus [ Taxodium distichum (LINNAEUS) RICH. (Cupressaceae) ]. Another specimen was taken from the bark of a species of pine [ Pinus LINNAEUS (Pinaceae) ]. Specimens were also collected in a Malaise and light traps; one at 180 m, another at 731 m. Josef N. Knull reported ( KNULL 1951: 289) that this species was collected from white oak infested with Melittomma MURRAY (Lymexylidae) larvae and pitch pine infested with Dendroctonus frontalis ZIMMERMANN (Curculionidae) . He also indicates that, "adults are nocturnal and rarely found".

N o t e s: EKIS (now OPITZ) (1975: 20) unnecessarily designated a lectotype for this species. It is clear from Newman’s description that he examined only one specimen.


American Museum of Natural History


California State University, Chico, Vertebrate Museum


Field Museum of Natural History


Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology


Museum of Entomological and Prairie Arthropod Research, Kansas State University


University of Kansas - Biodiversity Institute


W.R. Enns Entomology Museum


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


W.F. Barr Entomological Collection


Paleontological Collections













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