Civizelotes civicus (Simon, 1878)

Senglet, Antoine, 2012, Civizelotes new genus, and other new or little known Zelotinae (Araneae, Gnaphosidae), Revue suisse de Zoologie 119 (4), pp. 501-528 : 508-514

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5962/bhl.part.150203

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:5445CFB2-3480-4E0B-827F-7B15785EE647

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03ED87D9-A912-FF80-FF52-7F65FCF14320

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Civizelotes civicus
status

 

Civizelotes civicus -group

DEFINITION: Light coloured spiders. Male palp: A terminal apophysis present but without posterior sclerite. Strongly developed transverse embolar base forming a retrolateral loop (Figs 44, 47). Embolar radix visible prolaterally, with a large dorsalapical bowl (Figs 31, 43). Epigynal plate narrowed in its centre (Figs 33, 35, 48). PME larger than PLE; posterior eye-row procurved; its eyes separated by less than 40% of their diameter. Of particular interest in this group is the use of the two folds of the embolar base to hold the bulbus on the epigynum (Figs 22, 26-27).

SPECIES INCLUDED: C. civicus ( Simon, 1878) comb. n., C. medianus ( Denis,

1935) comb. n., and C. medianoides sp. n.

MATING MECHANISM: Civizelotes medianus inserts the left pedipalp into the left side of the epigynum (Figs 22-29). The retrolateral tibial apophysis is inserted into the right anterior anchoring pocket. The erected embolar base (Figs 22-23) is forming two lobes, the apical and retrolateral folds. The wide retrolateral fold is inserted in the left anterior anchoring pocket of the epigynum, and the other below the left lateral epigynal fold (Figs 26-27).

KEY TO THE SPECIES OF THE CIVIZELOTES CIVICUS -GROUP Ƌ. ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ........ ...... 1 ♀. ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ........ ...... 3

1a Apical margin of embolar base with distal tooth (Figs 44, 47).................................................... C. medianoides sp. n.

1b Apical margin of embolar base convex (Figs 31, 36)................... 2

2a Prolateral-apical part of embolar radix strongly developed (Fig. 31)...................................................... C. medianus

2b Prolateral-apical part of embolar radix feebly developed (Fig. 36).. C. civicus

3a Lateral anterior epigynal folds straight, with a posterior bend (Figs 33, 48).. 4

3b Anterior sector of epigynal folds curved, with visible median ducts (Fig. 35).............................................. C. civicus

4a Lateral anterior epigynal folds nearly parallel (Fig. 33)......... C. medianus

4b Lateral anterior epigynal folds diverging (Fig. 48)...... C. medianoides sp. n.

Civizelotes medianus ( Denis, 1935) comb. n. Figs 22-34 Zelotes medianus Denis, 1935: 118 , figs 4-5 (description of Ƌ, not ♀, fig. 3 = Z. dentatidens ). –

Jézéquel, 1962: 606, fig. 31 (♀). – Soyer, 1967: 275, figs 5-7 (♀ may be the ♀ of Z. den-

tatidens).

MATERIAL EXAMINED: SPAIN, Catalonia, Gerona, Val de Blanya, (4 km south of Capsacosta pass), 42°14'N 02°23'E; 3 Ƌ, 4 ♀ (last moults of 2 Ƌ 06 and 27.06.2004, of ♀ 01. 06.-24.07.2004); 25.05.2004 GoogleMaps . – Barcelona, Alto de los Bruch, 41°36'N 01°45'E; 1 Ƌ; 13.06.1971. – Levant / Murcia, Murcia, Sierra de Espuña / Lorca, evergreen oak leaves, 37°55'N 01°40'W; 4 Ƌ, 3 ♀ (last moult of 1 ♀ 10.06.2002); 18.05.2002 GoogleMaps . – Nueva Castilla / La Mancha, Albacete, La Gineta ( rio Júcar ), 39°11'N 01°58'W; 1 ♀; 28.06.1971 GoogleMaps . – Andalusia, Granada, Puebla de Don Fadrique , Pinus & rosemary litter, 38°00'N 02°27'W; 1 ♀; 19.05.2002 GoogleMaps . – La Vidriera / Puerto del Pinar , 38°03'N 02°34'W; 4 Ƌ, 2 ♀ (last moults of 2 Ƌ 23 and 27.05.2002, of ♀ 22. and 31.05.2002); 20.05.2002 GoogleMaps . – La Calahora, pine forest, 37°10'N 03°03'W; 2 Ƌ; 23.05.2002. – Road puerto de la Ragua, pine forest, 37°09'N 03°03'W; 2 Ƌ, 1 ♀; 24.05.2002. – above Capileira, 1700 m, 36°58'N 03°21'W; 1 Ƌ; 27.05.2002. – Collado del Muerto (S. Nevada), 1450 m, 37°08'N 03°28'W; 1 Ƌ, 1 ♀ (last moults of Ƌ 31.05.2002, ♀ 31.05.2002); 29.05.2002 GoogleMaps . – Jaen, Sierra de Cazorla ( Fuente del Oso ), 37°55'N 02°56'W; 2 Ƌ, 1 ♀ (last moult of ♀ 31.05.2002); 21.05.2002 GoogleMaps . – Same; 1 ♀; 23.07.1971. – Sierra de Cazorla (above Parador), stones, Pinus, 37°55'N 02°57'W; 1 Ƌ, 2 ♀ (last moult of Ƌ 25.05.2002, ♀ 23 and 30.05.2002) GoogleMaps ;

FIGS 22-27

Civizelotes medianus (Denis) , left male palp in copula. (22-23) Extracted male palp in anteriorlateral view. (24-25) Id., in apical view. (26) Epigynum, after extraction of palpal organ. (27) Id., palpal organ inserted. Bold lines indicate epigynal folds. Scale 0.2 mm.

FIGS 28-34

Civizelotesmedianus (Denis), (28-29) Incopula. (28) Posteriorview. (29) Lateralview. (30) Palpal organ, retrolateral view. (31) Left male palp, ventral view. (32) Id., retrolateral view. (33) Epigynum. (34) Vulva, dorsal view. Bold lines indicate epigynal folds. Scale 0.2 mm.

22.05.2002. – SierradeCazorla (Linarejas), 37°55'N 02°55'W; 1 Ƌ GoogleMaps ; 22.05.2002. – Cañadade lasHazadillas, Pinus, 37°39'N 03°43'W; 2 Ƌ GoogleMaps ; 30.05.2002. – Sevilla , eastofCazalladelaSierra, deepleaflitter, 37°57'N 05°45'W; 2 Ƌ, 3 ♀ (lastmoultof 1 ♀ 07.06.2009) GoogleMaps ; 04.06.2009 GoogleMaps . – FRANCE, Languedoc , Aude , Bedospass / Mouthoumet, 42°58'N 02°34'E; 2 ♀ (lastmoultof 1 ♀ 01.06.2004) GoogleMaps ; 30.05.2004 GoogleMaps . – EasternPyrenees , LesAbeilles / Banyuls, 42°28'N 03°04'E; 1 Ƌ, 1 ♀ GoogleMaps ; 28.06.2001. – Cerbère , stonesinCistus, 42°27'N 03°09'E; 3 Ƌ, 1 ♀ (lastmoultof 1 Ƌ 05.06.2004) GoogleMaps ; 22.05.2004 GoogleMaps . – ANDORRA, StJuliàdeLoria, oaklitter, 42°27'N 01°29'E; 1 ♀ (lastmoultof ♀ 01.07.2004) GoogleMaps ; 25.05.2004 GoogleMaps . – WestofStJuliàdeLoria, litter, vegetation, 42°27'N 01°28'E; 3 Ƌ, 1 ♀ (lastmoultof ♀ 14.06.2004); 27.05.2004 GoogleMaps .

DESCRIPTION: Prosoma tawny, with short adpressed hair and sparse bristles. Opisthosoma blackish, with short adpressed hairs and short to medium-long bristles. Legs dark tawny to brownish. Leg spination: Femora IV p001, r001; metatarsi II V220. Tarsi I, II scopulate.

ƋƋfromthesamelocality: Totallength 4.12 (3.66). Prosoma: 1.80 (1.53) long, 1.40 (1.21) wide, 0.63 (0.58) wide at level of posterior eyes. Eye sizes and interdistances: AME 0.07, ALE 0.10, PME 0.07, PLE 0.09; AME-AME 0.06, AME-ALE 0.01, PME-PME 0.03, PME-PLE 0.03, ALE-PLE 0, 05. MOQlength 0.23, frontwidth 0.33, backwidth 0.37. Clypeus: 0.07 fromAME, 0.04 fromALE. Pedipalp (Figs 30-32): Retrolateral tibial apophysis shorter than tibial dorsal length. Patella dorsally longer than tibia. Superior margin of embolar base rounded in ventral view. Scutum occupying 1/4 of opisthosoma length.

♀♀ fromthesamelocality: Totallength 4.90 (4.10). Prosoma: 1.92 (1.6) long, 1.48 (1.2) wide, 0.72 (0.64) wide at level of posterior eyes. Eye sizes and interdistances: AME 0.08, ALE 0.11, PME 0.11, PLE 0.08; AME-AME 0.06, AME-ALE 0.01, PME-PME 0.03, PME-PLE 0.03, ALE-PLE 0.04. MOQlength 0.17, frontwidth 0.35, back width 0.38. Clypeus: 0.06 from AME, 0.08 from ALE. Epigynum and vulva (Figs 33-34). Anterior sector of epigynal folds diverging feebly, posterior sector shorter than in Z. medianus .

Civizelotes civicus ( Simon, 1878) comb. n. Figs 35-39 Prosthesima civica Simon, 1878: 80 , pl. 14, fig. 20 (description of Ƌ and ♀).

For previous synonymy see Platnick (2012).

MATERIALEXAMINED: SPAIN, Catalonia, Barcelona, AltodelosBruch, 41°36'N 01°45'E; 3 Ƌ; 13.06.1971. – Gelida, 41°27'N 01°51'E; 5 ♀; 14.06.1971. – Levant / Murcia, Valencia, Ayora, 39°03'N 01°03'W GoogleMaps ; 1 Ƌ; 20.06.1971. – Montroy, 39°20'N 00°35'W; 1 ♀; 22.06.1971. – Requena-Chera, 39°36'N 00°57'Wand 39°32'N 01°00'W; 2 Ƌ, 1 ♀; 23.06.1971. – Alicante, Elda, 38°30'N 00°47'W; 2 ♀; 19.06.1971. – Murcia, Bullas, belowvegetation, 38°02'N 01°39'W GoogleMaps ; 2 Ƌ; 18.05.2002. – Bullas, 38°02'N 01°39'W; 1 Ƌ, 5 ♀; 04.07.1971. – Caravaca, 38°05'N 01°52'W; 1 ♀; 05.07.1971. – LacdeSanabria, 42°07'N 06°44'Wand 42°06'N 06°41'W; 1 ♀; 26.08.1971. – Valladolid, Peñafiel, 41°35'N 04°08'W; 1 Ƌ, 1 ♀; 23.06.2002. – Salamanca, PuenteAlagón /Sequeros, 40°30'N 05°57'W; 1 ♀; 13.08.1971. – NuevaCastilla / La Mancha, Madrid, Navalcarnero, 40°18'N 03°56'W GoogleMaps ; 1 Ƌ; 12.06.1969. – AldeadelFresno ( rio Alberche ), 40°19'N 04°13'W GoogleMaps ; 1 Ƌ; 13.06.1969. – Cuenca, SantaCruzdeMoya, 39°57'N 01°13'W; 1 ♀; 24.06.1971. – Palomera /Cuenca, 40°04'N 02°03'W; 1 Ƌ; 27.06.1971. – Toledo, EscalonadelAlberche, 40°10'N 04°24'W; 4 Ƌ, 2 ♀; 14.06.1969. – Urda /Consuegra, 39°25'N 03°42'W; 1 ♀; 12.08.1969. – Albacete, LaGineta (rioJucar), fineleaflitter, 39°10'N 01°58'W; 1 Ƌ, 5 ♀ (lastmoultsof 4 ♀ 20.-31.05.2002); 16.05.2002. – LaGineta (rioJúcar), 39°11'N 01°58'W; 2 ♀; 28.06.1971. – Hellin, 38°29'N 01°37'W; 1 ♀; 29.06.1971. – CiudadReal, Ruidera, 38°56'N 02°51'W; 5 ♀; 07.08.1969. – OjosdelGuadiana /Daimiel, 39°08'N 03°34'W; 1 ♀; 13.08.1969. – Estremadura, Caceres, Jarandilla (rioTietar), 40°01'N 05°37'W GoogleMaps ; 3 Ƌ, 1 ♀; 16.06.1969. – Badajoz, southofMonesterio, stonesinvegetation, 38°03'N 06°14'W; 3 Ƌ, 3 ♀; 05.06.2009. – SouthofVentadelCulebrin / Monesterio, 37°58'N 06°14'W; 1 ♀; 19.06.1969. – RioSillo (HigueralaReal), 38°06'N 06°41'W; 1 ♀; 14.06.2009. – Andalusia, Granada, Pradode Zangarrilla (S. Nevada), stones, pasture, 2000 m, 37°07'N 03°26'W GoogleMaps ; 3 Ƌ, 5 ♀ (lastmoultsof ♀ 27. 05.-02.06.2002); 29.05.2002. – PuebladeDonFadrique, 1000-1200 m, 38°00'N 02°27'E; 2 FIGS 35-39

Civizelotescivicus (Simon). (35) Epigynum. (36) Leftmalepalp, ventralview. (37) Id., slightly expanded, ventral-apicalview. (38) Id., cymbiumdiscarded, retrolateralview. (39) Id., prolateral view. Bold lines indicate epigynal folds. Scale 0.2 mm.

Ƌ, 6 ♀; 06.07.1971. – Pampaneira /Orgiva, 1200 m, 36°57'N 03°22'W; 2 ♀; 10.07.1971. – Caratauna /Orgiva, 36°56'N 03°25'W; 1 Ƌ, 6 ♀ (withpalpusinmicrovial); 13.07.1971. – Capileira, 1500 m, 36°58'N 03°21'W; 1 Ƌ, 8 ♀; 10.07.1971. – Trevélez, 37°00'N 03°16'W; 1 ♀; 14.07.1971. – Huéneja, 37°11'N 02°56'W; 1 Ƌ, 6 ♀; 16.07.1971. – Lacalahora (Ferreira), 37°10'N 03°03'W; 4 ♀; 17.07.1971. – Guadix (PaulencadeG.), 37°19'N 03°09'W; 6 ♀; 18.07.1971. – Jaen, SierradeCazorla (FuentedelOso), 37°55'N 02°56'W; 5 Ƌ; 21.05.2002. – SierradeCazorla (FuentedelOso), 37°55'N 02°56'W; 1 ♀; 23.07.1971. – SierradeCazorla (El Sagreo), 37°57'N 03°57'W; 1 ♀; 22.07.1971. – SierradeCazorla (Guadalquivir), 37°58'N 03°55'W; 2 ♀; 24.07.1971. – CañadadelasHazadillas, Pinus, 37°39'N 03°43'W; 4 Ƌ, 1 ♀ (last moultof ♀ 02.06.2002); 30.05.2002. – LaAliseda (SierradeAndujar), 38°22'N 03°49'W; 2 Ƌ (lastmoultof 1 Ƌ 02.06.2009); 29.05.2009. – Hinojares / Cazorla, 37°43'N 02°59'W; 1 ♀; 19.07.1971. – Cordoba, LosVillares / Cordoba, Eucalyptuslitter, 37°58'N 04°49'W; 3 $, 5 ♀ (lastmoultsof 2 ♀ 12. and 19.06.2009); 31.05.2009. – PalmadelRio (Retortillodam), leaflitter, 37°51'N 05°22'W; 1 Ƌ; 03.06.2009. – Malaga, Ronda, 36°46'N 05°13'W; 1 ♀; 21.07.1969. – Sevilla, LaMinilladam / ElRonquillo, 37°40'N 06°11'W; 2 ♀; 20.06.1969. – AlcaladelRio, 37°31'N 05°59'W; 1 ♀; 22.06.1969. – Castilblanco (roadC.433), 37°41'N 05°59'W; 1 ♀; 23.06.1969. – ElRealdelaJara-ElPintado, 37°57'N 06°03'W; 3 ♀; 03.07.1969. – Huelva, East ofAracena, 37°52'N 06°31'W; 1 Ƌ, 5 ♀; 07.06.2009. – PuertoGil /Aracena, cork-oakleaflitter, 37°53'N 06°29'W; 1 Ƌ, 2 ♀; 07.06.2009. – Alajar /Aracena, 37°52'N 06°40'W; 2 Ƌ, 10 ♀ (with vulvainmicrovial); 07.07.1969. – Alajar 2 /Aracena, 37°53'N 06°40'W; 1 Ƌ, 1 ♀; 09.06.2009. – Fuenteheridos, deepleaflitter, 37°54'N 06°40'W; 2 Ƌ, 4 ♀; 12.06.2009. – Molinodelrio Alajar, deepleaflitter, 37°52'N 06°40'W; 1 ♀; 13.06.2009. – ZalamealaReal, 37°41'N 06°39'W; 2 ♀; 10.07.1969. – PORTUGAL, Beira Alta, Guarda, Maceira / Fornos de Algodres, ( Casal do Monte ), 40°44'N 07°24'W GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀; 09.08.1971. – FRANCE, Provence / Coted'Azur, Var, Cogolin ; 2 ♀; 08.06.1971. – Languedoc, EasternPyrenees, PratsdeMollo, 700 m, 42°24'N 02°25'E; 1 ♀; 29.06.2001. – ArlessurTech, 42°27'N 02°36'E; 1 ♀; 01.07.2001. – LatourdeCarol, 42°28'N 01°53'E; 1 ♀; 06.07.2001. – ANDORRA, westofStJuliàdeLoria, 1400 m, schistlitter, 42°27'N 01°28'E GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀; 08.07.2001. – Same; 2 Ƌ; 29.06.2002. – Same; 2 Ƌ, 2 ♀ (lastmoultsofƋ 31.05 and 27.06, of 1 ♀ 07.06.2004); 27.05.2004. – MOROCCO, DayetAaoua, 33°39'N 05°02'W GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀; 27.06.1967.

DESCRIPTION: SeeGrimm (1985: 80, pl. 14, Fig. 20).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Gnaphosidae

Genus

Civizelotes

Loc

Civizelotes civicus

Senglet, Antoine 2012
2012
Loc

Civizelotes medianus (

DENIS, J. 1935: 118
1935
Loc

Civizelotes civicus (

SIMON, E. 1878: 80
1878