Novius cardinalis (Mulsant)

Pang, Hong, Tang, Xue-Fei, Booth, Roger G., Vandenberg, Natalia, Forrester, Juanita, Mchugh, Joseph & Ślipiński, Adam, 2020, Revision Of The Australian Coccinellidae (Coleoptera). Genus Novius Mulsant Of Tribe Noviini, Annales Zoologici 70 (1), pp. 1-24: 6-8

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.3161/00034541ANZ2020.70.1.001

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3795988

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03EEFD2A-FFA7-FF86-FEDD-1881D5D83A2E

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Novius cardinalis (Mulsant)
status

 

Novius cardinalis (Mulsant)  

( Figs 1–5 View Figures 1–5 , 12–18 View Figures 12–18 , 46, 47 View Figures 39–68 , 72–75 View Figures 69–87 , 89 View Figures 88–99 , 94 View Figures 88–99 , 95 View Figures 88–99 , 108–111 View Figures 100–121 )

Vedalia cardinalis Mulsant 1850: 906   . TL: Australia.

Novius cardinalis: Crotch, 1874: 283   .

Eurodolia cardinalis: Weise, 1895: 150   .

Rodolia cardinalis: Weise, 1905: 220   ; Weise, 1916: 50 ( Macronovius   group); Korschefsky, 1931: 99; Sasaji, 1971: 238; Gordon, 1972: 25; Gordon, 1985: 666; Gordon, 1990: 291; Ren et al., 2009: 160; Ślipiński, 2007: 143.

Rodolia aegyptiaca Sicard, 1907: 67   ; Korschefsky, 1931: 99.

Macronovius cardinalis: Weise, 1922: 104   .

Macronovius cardinalis   ab. obnubilatus Weise, 1922: 104; Korschefsky, 1931: 98.

Diagnosis. Typical color forms of Novius cardinalis   are easily distinguished, especially from superficially similar N. bellus   due to the color pattern with red elytra, each having two transverse to oblique blotches in addition to the black sutural stripe. Rare atypical forms can be distinguished by the stout penis guide of the male genitalia.

Description. Length 2.7–4.2 mm. Body oval, widest near middle, 1.1–1.3 times longer than wide. Color pattern variable. Head uniformly dark, pronotum dark with anterior part reddish. Elytra of typical form red with black medially expanded, sutural stripe and two transverse to oblique irregular spots on each elytron. Melanic forms rare, with black spots on elytra expanding and coalescing to a large degree ( Figs 1, 2 View Figures 1–5 , 46, 47 View Figures 39–68 , 72–75 View Figures 69–87 , 89). Interocular distance in frontal view 2.0–2.3 times eye width. Male genitalia ( Figs 12–17 View Figures 12–18 , 108–111 View Figures 100–121 ): parameres slender, narrow at base, expanded apically; penis guide stout, broad at base, strongly narrowed

apically (in lateral view), about as long as or slightly longer than parameres, apically pointed. Penis weakly pointed apically. Female genitalia as in Figs 94, 95 View Figures 88–99 .

Type material. “Nouvelle Hollande ” (collect. Hope) ( OUM).

Other specimens examined. Australian Capital Territory: CSIRO, Canberra , 15-18.xii.1980, R. D. Pope (10, BMNH)   ; Uriarra , 6.xii.1980, R. D. Pope (1, BMNH)   ; Deakin , 22-23.xi.1980, R. D. Pope (1, BMNH)   ; CSIRO, Canberra, 23.xii.1080, R. D. Pope (2, BMNH)   ; Honeysuckle Ck. T.S., old quarry (1100m), 2.iii.1986, C. Reid, on Euc. & Acacia   (1, ANIC)   ; Kangaroo Creek , 8.iii.1972, S. Misko, R. Kohout (1, ANIC)   ; 35.16S, 149.06E, Black Mt , 600m, xii.1987, M.E. Irwin, ex Malaise trap, ANIC (1, ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 35.34S 148.47E, Mt. Gingera , 15.xii.1987, A.A. Calder, foliage of Euc. pauciflora (1, ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Canberra , 14.vii.1964, G.S. Snoball, Ex Canberra accession, ex Bermada (14, ANIC)   ; Black Mt. A.C. T., 1.3.30, A. Tonnoir (2, ANIC).   Tasmania: Hobart, J.J. Waiker (1, BMNH)   ; Tasmania (2, BMNH)   ; Launceston (2, ANIC)   ; Tasmania (1, ANIC).   New South Wales: Sydney, C. Darwin, 87-42 (2, BMNH)   ; Jervis Bay , xi.1924, F.A. Rodway (1, BMNH)   ; N. Sydney, G.E. Bryant , xii.1908 (1, BMNH)   ; Blue Mts., G.E. Bryant. xii.1908 (1, BMNH)   ; Tuglo Res., 151.’6’E -32.’4’S, 30.xi- 1.xii.80, R. D. Pope (2, BMNH)   ; J.C. Goudie, Sydney, Lea (1, VM)   ; Exeter , i.1935, H.J. Carter (1, ANIC)   ; Blue Mts, E.W. Ferguson Collection (5, ANIC)   ; Sydney, E.W. Ferguson Collection (1, ANIC)   ; 2 mi. S. of Myrtle Ck., Braemor Forest, Casino-Grafton Rd. , 34.325S 149.52E, 8.xi.1969, S. Misko (1, ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Kosciuszko, 17-11-38, A.L. Tonnolr (1, ANIC)   ; Badgery’s Lookout, nr. Tallong , 27.ii.1969, Britton, Upton, Misko (1, ANIC)   ; Sydney , 22.iii.1927, Nicholson (4, ANIC)   ; 2km S. of Tallong , 18.ii.1974, S. Misko (1, ANIC)   ; c. 1km N. of Binalong, 12.xi.73, S. Misko (1, ANIC)   ; Cattle Creek Rd. SW of Captains Flat NSW, 26.xii.1976, W. Allen (1, ANIC)   ; 105km SW. of Nowta on Nerriga-Nowta Rd. , 19.i.1971, woodlands, S. Misko & K. Pullen (1, ANIC)   ; Sydney, W.W. Froggatt (2, ANIC)   ; N.E. University, Armidale, 1.ii.1967, C.W. Frazier. ANIC Uni. of New England Coll., Donated 1983 (3, ANIC)   ; Wauchope, (31.27S 152.44E), 72km W. on Oxley Highway, 4.1.70, wet sclerophyll, at light, Britton, Holloway, Misko (1, ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 36.125S 148.43E, Dainer Gap , NSW, 6.ii.1974, P. Morrow, ANIC (1, ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 28.29S 152.24E, Tooloom Plateau , 14km W Urbenville, 14.ii.1984, NSW, I.D. Naumann (1, ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 35.30S 150.18E, Kioloa SF 15km NE Batemans Bay, ix.1986, M.G. Robinson, flight interc. trap (1, ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 35.30S 150.18E, Kioloa SF 15km NE Batemans Bay, viii.1986, M.G. Robinson, flight interc. trap (1, ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 36.12S 148.43E, Dainers Gap , NSW., 6.iii.1974, P. Moorow (2, ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; R. Bogan, J. Amstrong (1, ANIC)   ; 35.30S 150.18E, Kioloa SF 15km NE Batemans Bay, Jan. 87, M.G. Robinson, flight interc. trap (1, ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 28.29S 152.24E, Tooloom Plateau , 14km W Urbenville, 14.ii.1984, I.D. Naumann (1, ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Sydney , 14.viii. 1964, R. G. Lukins, Ex Canberra accession, ex Bermada (16, ANIC)   ; Biocon, Sydney, ii.1965, V. S. Wright, Ex materials from L.H. I. on 30.i.1965 (9, ANIC)   ; Mt. Tomah, Blue Mts. , 2/32. J. Amstrong (1, ANIC)   ; The Kurrajong Blue Mts, J. Amstrong (1, ANIC)   ; The Flags 30m S. of Walcha , 27.i.1963, C.W. Frazier (1, ANIC)   ; A. Dyce, 20.5.49, Leeton (1, ANIC)   ; The Kurrajong Blue Mts, J. Amstrong (1, ANIC).   South Australia: C E Cole, Hobart, 4317/3, 4317/4 (2, VM).   Western Australia: Kalamunda , SW Australia, 14.iii-14.iv.1914, R.E. Turn- er, 1914-349 (1, BMNH)   ; Yanchep, 32mls. N. of Perth , 20-31.xii.1935, R. E. Turner (1, BMNH)   ; nr Busselton , 14.iii.1981, R. D. Pope (1, BMNH)   ; H.J. Carter Coll. P.20 4.22. (1, VM)   ; Perth, E. T. Smith (2, VM)   ; Katanning , 11.x.1951, I.F.B. Common (1, ANIC)   ; Stirling Ra. NP. by S. R. Caravan Pk., 30.xii.1985, C. Reid, on Euc. wandoo (1, ANIC)   ; 45km E Geraldton, 20-23.viii.1987, C. Reid, ex Acacia   (1, ANIC).   Victoria: Diamond Creek , 18& 21.i.81, R. D. Pope (1, BMNH)   ; J.E. Dixon (12, VM)   ; Melbourne , 16.i.1928, G.F. Hill (1, VM)   ; Baxter, J.E. Dixon (5, VM)   ; 12 Mi. W. of Neerim , 30.xii.1964, Neboiss (1, VM)   ; Carrum, V 29.12.30, C. Oke (1, VM)   ; Western District, J.E. Dixon (1, VM)   ; Bogong Plains , 5699-6000 ft., i.1928, F.E. Wilson, (1, VM)   ; Stoney Creak, 14.ii,1973, Locality VB (1, VM)   ; Mooroopna. 19.xii.1937, A.D. Butcher (1, VM)   ; Melbourne, P.E. Wilson. F.E. (1, VM)   ; Grampians , 10.vi.1975, S. Neser (1, ANIC).   Queensland: Lamington NP, ii.1983, M. Lowman (1, ANIC)   ; Indooroopilly , xii.1994, Lab bred: fed on Icerya aegyptiaca   (3, ANIC). GoogleMaps   Northern Territory: 23.37S 133.54E, 10km N by E of Alice Spring, 6. xi.1979, T. Weir (2, ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 23.38S 133.52E, 7km N by W of Alice Spring , 8. xi.1979, T. Weir, (1, ANIC). GoogleMaps   Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Is. 29.05S 167.59E, 15. i.1992, D.P. A, Sands (1, BMNH) GoogleMaps   .

Distribution. Originally Australian, but due to its introduction as a biocontrol agent, this species is now cosmopolitan ( Fig. 18 View Figures 12–18 ).

OUM

Oxford University Museum of Natural History

CSIRO

Australian National Fish Collection

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

VM

Okresní vlastivedné muzeum

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Coccinellidae

Genus

Novius

Loc

Novius cardinalis (Mulsant)

Pang, Hong, Tang, Xue-Fei, Booth, Roger G., Vandenberg, Natalia, Forrester, Juanita, Mchugh, Joseph & Ślipiński, Adam 2020
2020
Loc

Macronovius cardinalis: Weise, 1922: 104

Weise, J. 1922: 104
1922
Loc

Macronovius cardinalis

Korschefsky, R. 1931: 98
Weise, J. 1922: 104
1922
Loc

Rodolia aegyptiaca

Korschefsky, R. 1931: 99
Sicard, A. 1907: 67
1907
Loc

Rodolia cardinalis:

Ren, S. X. & X. M. Wang & H. Pang & Z. Q. Peng & T. Zeng 2009: 160
Slipinski, S. A. 2007: 143
Gordon, R. D. 1985: 666
Gordon, R. D. 1972: 25
Sasaji, H. 1971: 238
Korschefsky, R. 1931: 99
Weise, J. 1916: 50
Weise, J. 1905: 220
1905
Loc

Eurodolia cardinalis:

Weise, J. 1895: 150
1895
Loc

Novius cardinalis: Crotch, 1874: 283

Crotch, G. R. 1874: 283
1874
Loc

Vedalia cardinalis

Mulsant, E. 1850: 906
1850