Pyrops synavei, Constant, 2015

Constant, Jérôme, 2015, Review of the effusus group of the Lanternfly genus Pyrops Spinola, 1839, with one new species and notes on trophobiosis (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Fulgoridae), European Journal of Taxonomy 128, pp. 1-23: 11-13

publication ID 10.5852/ejt.2015.128

publication LSID


persistent identifier

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scientific name

Pyrops synavei

sp. nov.

Pyrops synavei  sp. nov.

Figs 4View Fig A–E, 6, 11A –D


In addition to the characters defining the effusus  group, the species can be recognized by: (1) head entirely dark olivaceous blue-green ( Fig. 4View Fig D–E); (2) pro- and mesonotum bluish-brown ( Fig. 4AView Fig); (3) tegmina green with yellow spots also beyond nodal line; on corium, basal row of spots fused in a transverse band, next rows fused into incomplete tranverse bands ( Fig. 4AView Fig); (4) tegmina without large pale yellow patch at nodal line and apical margin very slightly infuscate ( Fig. 4AView Fig).


The species epithet refers to the late Belgian hemipterist Henry Synave (1921–1981). He was the author of numerous publications on Auchenorrhyncha  , and of all drawings of Lallemand’s revisions of the Fulgoridae  (1959, 1963).

Material examined

Type material

INDONESIA: Holotype, ♀: [N.O. Borneo, S. Peleben, 7.u.8.1935, Baron Plessen] [R.I.Sc.N.B., I.G. 23.860] [H. Synave det., 1968, Laternaria intricata Walk.  ] ( RBINS). Coordinates of S Peleben: 2°47’N 116°35’E.GoogleMaps 

Examined on photographs

1 specimen ( Fig. 11View Fig A–B): Kalimantan, Long Alango, Lalut Birai Sacred Forest, 2 Sep. 2011, Joost Woltering; 1 specimen ( Fig. 11View Fig C–D): Kalimantan, Lalut Birai Forest, 13 Mar. 2009, Dave Forney. Coordinates of Lalut Birai Forest: 3°12’N 115°30’E.

Measurements and ratios

TL: ♀ (n = 1): 40.9 mm; TL+process: ♀ (n = 1): 47.7 mm; LTg/BTg = 2.50; BF/BPrH = 2.78; LPr/LF = 2.48; LPr/BPrH = 6.78.


HEAD. Dark olivaceous blue-green progressively turning more brownish basally ( Fig. 4AView Fig, D–E). Cephalic process slightly longer than frons and clypeus together in normal view of frons ( Fig. 4EView Fig), strongly curved anterodorsad and bent in middle dorsally ( Fig. 4DView Fig); apical half slightly dilated and rounded apically in lateral view ( Fig. 4DView Fig), with sides parallel in anteroventral view ( Fig. 4EView Fig). Two longitudinal carinae on frons extending on sides of cephalic process up to apex, undulated. Median, ventral undulated carina on apical half of cephalic process ( Fig. 4EView Fig). Frons subquadrate ( Fig. 4EView Fig). Clypeus elongate with smooth median carina. Labium brown-black, slightly surpassing posterior trochanter. Antennae brown.

THORAX ( Fig. 4A, DView Fig). Olivaceous brown, pro- and mesonotum greener in middle. Pronotum irregularly wrinkled with smooth longitudinal carina and 2 strongly impressed points on anterior half of disc ( Fig. 4AView Fig), dorsolateral and lateral carinae well marked ( Fig. 4A, DView Fig). Mesonotum with disc wrinkled and sides smooth; 3 smooth longitudinal carinae not reaching anterior margin, median one reaching base of scutellum posteriorly; slight impression along posterior margin at base of scutellum; scutellum slightly elevated apically. Tegulae olivaceous brown.

TEGMINA ( Fig. 4AView Fig). Dark green-brown with veins green turning to brown near apical margin. 3 more or less interrupted transverse yellow bands on corium; more basal one complete; median one sometimes cut at costal vein or/and claval suture; third band in 2–3 parts often not aligned. Row of 3 more or less oval yellow spots on nodal line. Yellow markings on corium and nodal line bordered with dark brown. 8–9 round yellow spots on membrane. Apical margin oblique with angles broadly rounded; costal margin slightly rounded.

HIND WINGS ( Fig. 4AView Fig). Bright blue with apex and sutural margin largely brown-black; brown black extending into blue along main veins; cross-veinlets blue in brown-black area on baso-sutural half. Hind wings slightly broader than tegmina.

LEGS ( Fig. 4View Fig A–B). Dark olivaceous brown. Metatibiae with 6 lateral and 7 apical spines.

ABDOMEN ( Fig. 4View Fig A–B). Tergites brown-black; sternites black; genital segments tinged with yellowbrown.


Known from Borneo, North Kalimantan (see map Fig. 6View Fig).


No host tree has been identified for this species for which records are available from the months of March, July – August and September.


Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences