Tolarenta wilkinsonii Gray, 1842,

Metallinou, Margarita & Crochet, Pierre-André, 2013, Nomenclature of African species of the genus Stenodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae), Zootaxa 3691 (3), pp. 365-376: 371

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Tolarenta wilkinsonii Gray, 1842


Tolarenta wilkinsonii Gray, 1842 

1842 Tolarenta Wilkinsonii Gray, The Zoological Miscellany  : 59.

Gray (1842) explicitly included in his new species at least one specimen from the British Museum collections donated by “Sir G. Wilkinson” and the specimen illustrated in Plate 1, Figure 3 of “ Reptiles  - Supplément” of the “Illustrations de Description de l’Égypte” (Anonymous 1809–1827). Boulenger (1885) moved wilkinsonii  to the genus Stenodactylus  and stated the existence of a “ type ” found in “bad state” in the collections of the British Museum (Natural History) (now The Natural History Museum, London). A specimen from “ Egypt ” marked as “ Type of S. wilkinsonii  ” (BMNH 1946.8.23.25) is indeed found in the Natural History Museum, where it is the only specimen of Stenodactylus  obtained from Wilkinson (pers. obs.). These two specimens are thus apparently the only two syntypes of Tolarenta wilkinsonii Gray, 1842  .

Wagner and Crochet (2009) showed that the specimen illustrated in “Illustrations de Description de l’Égypte” is a Stenodactylus sthenodactylus  and is apparently lost. Only the BMNH specimen is still extant today. This specimen can also be identified as S. sthenodactylus  on the basis of the description and illustration in Boulenger (1885) and personal observation based on photos provided by S. Carranza (pointed snout and strongly swelled nostrils). Since both syntypes belong to the same species-rank taxon, there is currently no need of a lectotype designation. The type locality according to Gray is “ Egypt ”, although the specimen from “Illustrations de Description de l’Égypte” could also originate from Israel (see previous nomen).

Name-bearing type: two syntypes, the specimen illustrated in Figure 3 of Plate 1 of “ Reptiles  - Supplément” of the “Illustrations de Description de l’Égypte” (Anonymous 1809–1827), now apparently lost, and specimen BMNH 1946.8. 23.25 of the Natural History Museum. Type locality: Egypt or Egypt and Israel.

Proposed status: subjective junior synonym of Stenodactylus sthenodactylus ( Lichtenstein, 1823)  .