Paraehlersia longichaetosa, Fukuda, Marcelo Veronesi, Centurión, Romina, Nogueira, João Miguel De Matos & Martín, Guillermo San, 2012

Fukuda, Marcelo Veronesi, Centurión, Romina, Nogueira, João Miguel De Matos & Martín, Guillermo San, 2012, Two new species of Paraehlersia San Martín, 2003 (Polychaeta, Syllidae) from the Atlantic Coast of South America, Zootaxa 3264, pp. 38-52: 40-46

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.280733

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F38789-FF8F-FF89-96D0-BED7E974DB1D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Paraehlersia longichaetosa
status

sp. nov.

Paraehlersia longichaetosa   sp. nov.

Figures 1–3 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 ; Table 1

Material examined. Brazil, State of Rio de Janeiro, offshore: 1 spec. ( MZUSP 00972), coll. 2 Mar 1998, 21° 51 ’S 40 °07’W, 110 m; 1 spec. (ZUEC-POL 9692), coll. 16 Feb 1998, 23° 17 ’S 42 ° 42 ’W, 100 m; 7 specs ( MZUSP 00973; MNCN 16.01/ 13607, paratype 2), coll. 28 Feb 1998, 23° 20 ’S 41 ° 22 ’W, 110 m; 13 specs (ZUEC-POL 9687; MZUSP 0 0 970, paratype 1), coll. 28 Feb 1998, 23° 26 ’S 41 ° 15 ’W, 146–150 m; 1 spec. ( MZUSP 00974), coll. 16 Feb 1998, 23° 46 ’S 42 ° 28 ’W, 497 m; 1 spec. (ZUEC-POL 9698), coll. 15 Feb 1998, 23° 49 ’S 43 ° 14 ’W, 138 m; 1 spec. (ZUEC-POL 9689), coll. 15 Feb 1998, 23° 51 ’S 42 ° 49 ’W, 254 m; 10 specs ( MZUSP 00975; ZUEC-POL 9691, paratype 3), coll. 14 Feb 1998, 24°02’S 43 ° 30 ’W, 147 m; 1 spec. (ZUEC-POL 9690), coll. 14 Feb 1998, 24° 13 ’S 43 ° 25 ’W, 476 m. State of São Paulo, offshore: 2 specs ( MZUSP 0 0 971, paratype 4; MNCN 16.01/ 13608, paratype 5), coll. 9 Jan 1998, 24°07’S 45 ° 51 ’W, 147 m; 1 spec. (ZUEC-POL 9693), coll. 13 Jan 1998, 25° 43 ’S 45 °09’W, 511 m; – Caraguatatuba, offshore: 1 spec. (ZUEC-POL 9695), coll. 29 Jul 2001, 23º 44 ’ 163 ”S 45 º00’ 714 ”W, 38.6 m. State of Paraná, offshore: 1 spec. (ZUEC-POL 9694), coll. 14 Mar 1998, 27º 10 ’S 46 º 46 ’W, 480 m; 1 spec. ( MZUSP 00976), coll. 17 Mar 1998, 28º 40 ’S 47 º 25 ’W, 285 m.

Argentina, Banco Sarmiento, offshore: 4 specs (MACN-In 38370, holotype; MACN-In 38371, paratype 6), coll. 27 Oct 2006, 52° 29 ’S 68 °08’W, 16.2 m; 3 specs, coll. 27 Oct 2006, 52° 26 ’S 68 °08’W, 22.1 m; 1 spec., coll. 27 Oct 2006, 52° 35 ’S 68 °05’W, 64.7 m; 1 spec., coll. 28 Oct 2006, 52° 38 ’S 67 ° 60 ’W, 29.3 m; 1 spec., coll. 28 Oct 2006, 52° 40 ’S 67 ° 55 ’W, 28.6 m.

Type series. Data on each specimen of the type series are provided in Table 1.

Description. Holotype (MACN-In 38370) complete specimen, with 54 chaetigers, 6.10 mm long, 0.76 mm wide; largest specimen (paratype 3, ZUEC-POL 9691) with 70 chaetigers, 6.55 mm long, 0.60 mm wide (Table 1); body without colour patterns ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 A); peristomium and chaetigers throughout with 1–2 transverse rows of cilia dorsally extending to near bases of dorsal cirri ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 A –C, E –G). Palps triangular, longer than prostomium ( Figs. 1 View FIGURE 1 A, 2 A –B), tips frequently bent ventrally. Prostomium subpentagonal to oval, 2 pairs of eyes in open trapezoidal arrangement and 1 pair of anterior eyespots ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 A); median antenna inserted between posterior pair of eyes, usually twice as long as prostomium and palps together, with up to 30 articles distally; lateral antennae inserted in front of anterior pair of eyes, similar to median antenna but about two thirds as long, with up to 15 articles distally ( Figs. 1 View FIGURE 1 A; 2 A –C). Nuchal organs as 1 pair of dorso-lateral ciliary bands posterior to insertion of median antenna ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 C). Peristomium dorsally shorter than subsequent chaetigers, frequently covering nuchal organs ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 C); dorsal peristomial cirri about as long as lateral antennae, sometimes irregularly articulated distally; ventral peristomial cirri about two thirds to half length of dorsal peristomial cirri, usually smooth ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 A; 2 A –B). Dorsal cirri alternating long, filiform, distally irregularly articulated ones, longer than median antenna, with short, smooth ones, about as long as ventral peristomial cirri ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 A; 2 A). Antennae, peristomial and dorsal cirri throughout with short cirrophores ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 B –D, H); ventral cirri digitiform, about same length or shorter than parapodial lobes ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 G), ventral cirri of chaetiger 1 oval, shorter than others. Parapodia with minute pores dorsally, close to cirrophores ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 D, H); anterior parapodia with small, rounded subcirral papilla underneath each dorsal cirrus ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 A; 2 D –E, G). Anterior parapodia with 2–8 spiniger-like chaetae and 5–15 falcigers each, 2–4 spiniger-like chaetae and 5–9 falcigers on midbody parapodia, 0–3 spiniger-like chaetae and 4–7 falcigers on each posterior parapodium (Table 1). Spiniger-like chaetae with thin shafts, progressively slightly thinner towards posterior body ( Figs. 1 View FIGURE 1 B –D; 3 A –B); elongate, slender blades, unidentate to indistinctly bidentate, with short spines on margin ( Figs. 1 View FIGURE 1 B –D; 3 A –B), 90 – 42 μm long on anterior body, 120 – 77 μm long on midbody, 110 – 75 μm long on posterior parapodia, spiniger-like chaetae absent on last chaetigers (Table 1). Falcigers with slightly spinulated shafts subdistally, tips of shafts with slightly more sigmoid distal beaks towards posterior body, especially on ventralmost chaetae ( Figs. 1 View FIGURE 1 B –D; 3 A –G); bidentate blades, teeth about same size on anterior body ( Figs. 1 View FIGURE 1 B –C; 3 A, C –D), distal tooth progressively smaller and subdistal tooth progressively stouter towards posterior body ( Figs. 1 View FIGURE 1 D; 3 E –G); blades with short spines on margin, spines progressively slightly thinner towards posterior body ( Figs. 1 View FIGURE 1 B –D; 3 A –G); blades 57 – 11 μm long on anterior body, 37 – 12 μm long on midbody, 20 – 11 μm long on posterior body (Table 1). Dorsal simple chaetae present from midbody (Table 1), sigmoid, distally bidentate with teeth about same size and short subdistal spines ( Figs. 1 View FIGURE 1 E; 3 H). Ventral simple chaetae on posterior segments only (Table 1), sigmoid, bidentate, distal tooth thin, subdistal tooth distinctly stouter, with short subdistal spines ( Figs. 1 View FIGURE 1 F; 3 I). Anterior parapodia with up to 4 aciculae each, two of which bent almost at right angle and two irregularly inflated subdistally, apparently hollow, with acute tip ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 G); number of aciculae per parapodium progressively decreasing towards posterior body to a single acicula, of second type ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 H –I). Pygidium with 2 long, thin anal cirri and conical median papilla. Pharynx through 5–9 segments (Table 1), with crown of 10 papillae surrounding its opening and conical central tooth close to anterior margin; proventricle through 5–8 segments, with 22–28 muscle-cell rows ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 A; Table 1).

Remarks. The only other species of Paraehlersia   presenting bidentate dorsal simple chaetae with teeth about same size, as P. longichaetosa   sp. nov., is P. articulata ( Kudenov & Harris, 1995)   . All other known species of the genus have dorsal simple chaetae distally rounded, truncate or bidentate, but in this case with teeth clearly different in size (Table 2).

Paraehlersia longichaetosa   sp. nov., resembles P. articulata   also in the morphology of compound and ventral simple chaetae, and in having body and pharynx similar in length. However, P. longichaetosa   sp. nov., differs from P. articulata   by possessing a slightly larger proventricle (5–8 segments with 22–28 muscle-cell rows, against 5 segments with 22–24 muscle-cell rows as in P. articulata   ); by presenting short subdistal spines in both dorsal and ventral simple chaetae, while those are smooth in P. articulata   ; and by having dorsal simple chaetae of similar morphology throughout, all bidentate with short subdistal spines, while P. articulata   has dorsal simple chaetae of two types, unidentate in the anteriormost chaetigers with this chaetae, and then bidentate. Furthermore, P. articulata   has 2 aciculae per parapodia on anterior body, increasing to 3–4 aciculae on posterior parapodia ( Kudenov & Harris 1995), while the number of aciculae per parapodium gradually decreases towards posterior body in all remaining species of the genus.

Etymology. From the Latin ‘ longus ’, meaning long, the term ‘ longichaetosa   ’ refers to the elongate blades of spiniger-like chaetae found in this species, the longest known in the genus so far.

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

MNCN

Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales