Strigota ambigua ( Erichson, 1839 ),

Gusarov, Vladimir I., 2003, Revision of some types of North American aleocharines (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae), with synonymic notes, Zootaxa 353 (1), pp. 1-134: 107-109

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.353.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:104E9C0B-B207-41E6-816C-E91FC1C7DBA0

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5103080

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F387B2-FFEA-5320-CD24-515EFCE5A519

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Strigota ambigua ( Erichson, 1839 )
status

comb. nov.

Strigota ambigua ( Erichson, 1839)  , comb. nov.

( Figs. 142–154View FIGURES 142–146View FIGURES 147–154)

Homalota ambigua Erichson, 1839: 134  .

Strigota oppidana Casey, 1910a: 177  , syn. nov.

Strigota gnava Casey, 1910a: 177  , syn. nov.

Strigota verecunda Casey, 1910a: 178  , syn. nov.

Strigota assueta Casey, 1910a: 178  , syn. nov.

Strigota mediocris Casey, 1910a: 179  , syn. nov.

Strigota vapida Casey, 1910a: 179  , syn. nov.

Strigota inculta Casey, 1910a: 180  , syn. nov.

Strigota placata Casey, 1910a: 182  , syn. nov.

Strigota (s. str.) recta Casey, 1911a: 165  , syn. nov.

Paradilacra ambigua: Fenyes, 1920: 244  (as valid species).

Strigota oppidana: Fenyes, 1920: 253  (as valid species).

Strigota gnava: Fenyes, 1920: 253  (as valid species).

Strigota verecunda: Fenyes, 1920: 253  (as valid species).

Strigota assueta: Fenyes, 1920: 253  (as valid species).

Strigota mediocris: Fenyes, 1920: 253  (as valid species).

Strigota vapida: Fenyes, 1920: 253  (as valid species).

Strigota inculta: Fenyes, 1920: 253  (as valid species).

Strigota placata: Fenyes, 1920: 253  (as valid species).

Strigota recta: Fenyes, 1920: 253  (as valid species).

Anaduosternum brevipennis Notman, 1922: 107  , syn. nov.

Atheta (Paradilacra) ambigua: Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz, 1926: 607  (as valid species).

Strigota oppidana: Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz, 1926: 590  (as valid species).

Strigota gnava: Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz, 1926: 590  (as valid species).

Strigota verecunda: Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz, 1926: 590  (as valid species).

Strigota assueta: Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz, 1926: 590  (as valid species).

Strigota mediocris: Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz, 1926: 590  (as valid species).

Strigota vapida: Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz, 1926: 590  (as valid species).

Strigota inculta: Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz, 1926: 590  (as valid species).

Strigota placata: Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz, 1926: 590  (as valid species).

Strigota recta: Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz, 1926: 590  (as valid species).

Atheta (Anaduosternum) brevipennis: Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz, 1926: 671  (as valid species). Atheta (Dilacra) ambigua: Moore & Legner, 1975: 354  (as valid species).

Strigota oppidana: Moore & Legner, 1975: 486  (as valid species).

Strigota gnava: Moore & Legner, 1975: 486  (as valid species).

Strigota verecunda: Moore & Legner, 1975: 486  (as valid species).

Strigota assueta: Moore & Legner, 1975: 486  (as valid species).

Strigota mediocris: Moore & Legner, 1975: 486  (as valid species).

Strigota vapida: Moore & Legner, 1975: 486  (as valid species).

Strigota inculta: Moore & Legner, 1975: 486  (as valid species).

Strigota placata: Moore & Legner, 1975: 486  (as valid species).

Strigota recta: Moore & Legner, 1975: 486  (as valid species).

Atheta (Anaduosternum) notmani Moore & Legner, 1975: 367  (replacement name for At. brevipennis ( Notman, 1922)  (nec J. Sahlberg, 1876)), syn. nov.

Atheta (Anaduosternum) brevipennis: Moore & Legner, 1975: 367  (as synonym of At. notmani  ).

Paradilacra ambigua: Seevers, 1978: 265  (as valid species).

Strigota oppidana: Seevers, 1978: 258  (as valid species).

Strigota gnava: Seevers, 1978: 257  (as valid species).

Strigota verecunda: Seevers, 1978: 258  (as valid species).

Strigota assueta: Seevers, 1978: 257  (as valid species).

Strigota mediocris: Seevers, 1978: 257  (as valid species).

Strigota vapida: Seevers, 1978: 258  (as valid species).

Strigota inculta: Seevers, 1978: 258  (as valid species).

Strigota placata: Seevers, 1978: 258  (as valid species).

Strigota recta: Seevers, 1978: 258  (as valid species).

Anaduosternum brevipennis: Seevers, 1978: 261  (as valid species).

Type material. Lectotype of Homalota ambigua  (here designated): ♀, “5507”, “ ambigua Er. Am.  [erica] spt. Zimm.[ermann]” (green label), “Zool. Mus. Berlin ”, “Typus” (red label), “ Homalota ambigua Er.  [on red side] / Lectotypus Lohse fix. 1983 [on white side]” [ Lohse never published this lectotype designation] ( ZMHB)  . Paralectotypes: 2♂♂, 2♀♀, “America Sept. Zimmermann Nr. 5507” (green label), “Zool. Mus. Berlin ”, “Typus” (red label) ( ZMHB)  .

Lectotype of Strigota oppidana  (here designated): ♀, “N.[ew] Y.[ork, near New York City ]”, “ Strigota oppidana Csy.  ”, “TYPE USNM 39034” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” ( NMNH)  . Paralectotypes: 2♂♂, 2♀♀, “N.[ew] Y.[ork, near New York City ]”, “ oppidana  PARATYPE USNM 39034” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” ( NMNH)  .

Lectotype of Strigota gnava  (here designated): ♂, “·N.[orth] C.[arolina, Asheville]”, “ gnava Csy.  ”, “TYPE USNM 39035” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” ( NMNH). Paralectotypes: ♂, ♀, “·N.[orth] C.[arolina, Asheville]”, “ gnava  PARATYPE USNM 39035” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” ( NMNH).

Lectotype of Strigota verecunda  (here designated): ♂, “Ia. [Iowa, Cedar Rapids ( Brendel )]”, “ verecunda Csy.  ”, “TYPE USNM 39037” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” ( NMNH). 

Lectotype of Strigota assueta  (here designated): ♀, “Mo.· [Missouri, St. Louis ]”, “ assueta Csy.  ”, “TYPE USNM 39038” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” ( NMNH). 

Lectotype of Strigota mediocris  (here designated): ♀, “·Tex.[as, El Paso]”, “ mediocris Csy.  ”, “TYPE USNM 39039” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” ( NMNH).

Lectotype of Strigota vapida  (here designated): ♂, “Salida Colo[rado] Wickham”, “ vapida  ­3 PARATYPE USNM 39040” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” ( NMNH). Paralectotype: ♂, “Cöl. [Colorado, Greeley]”, “ vapida  ­2 PARATYPE USNM 39040” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” (the second paralectotype of St. vapida  (♂, “Coolidge N.[ew] Mex.[ico]”, “ vapida Csy.  ”, “TYPE USNM 39040” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” ( NMNH)) is not conspecific with St. vapida  and belongs to St. seducens Casey, 1910a  or St. perplexa Casey, 1910a  ).

Lectotype of Strigota inculta  (here designated): ♀, “·Nev.[ada, Reno]”, “ inculta Csy.  ”, “TYPE USNM 39041” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” ( NMNH). Paralectotypes: 2♂♂, ♀, “·Nev.[ada, Reno]”, “ inculta  PARATYPE USNM 39041” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” ( NMNH).

Lectotype of Strigota placata  (here designated): ♂, “Cal.[ifornia, Santa Cruz]”, “ placata Csy.  ”, “TYPE USNM 39045” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” ( NMNH). Paralectotype: ♂, “Cal.[ifornia, Santa Cruz]”, “ placata  PARATYPE USNM 39045” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” ( NMNH).

Lectotype of Strigota recta  (here designated): ♀, “ West Haven Ct [Connecticut] 27 June 1905 H.L.Viereck ”, “ recta Csy.  ”, “TYPE USNM 39036” (red label), “CASEY bequest 1925” ( NMNH). 

Holotype of Anaduosternum brevipennis  : UNITED STATES: New Jersey: ♂, Newark, 24.vii (E.L.Dickerson) ( SIIS)  . Paratype: UNITED STATES: New Jersey: ♂, Newark, 24.vii (E.L.Dickerson) ( SIIS)  .

Additional material. UNITED STATES: California: Kern Co.: ♂, ♀, 4 specimens, Lake Isabella, Rd. 155, 35º38.37'N 118º29'W, 800 m, Isabella Lake Main Dam, river bank below dam, 12.viii.1999 (V.I.Gusarov) ( KSEM)GoogleMaps  ; Kansas: Douglas Co.: 10 specimens, 2.5 km N Lawrence, flood refuse by the Kansas River (right bank), 38º59.59'N 95º14.59'W, 200 m, 18.iv.1999 (V.I.Gusarov) ( SPSU)GoogleMaps  ; New York: 2♀♀, “L.[ong] I.[sland]” ( NMNH (Casey Collection ))  ; Texas: Brewster Co.: 2♀♀, 19 km S Study Butte, 29º09.41'N 103º33.39'W, 650 m, Rio Grande , river banks, 31.iii.2001 (V.I.Gusarov) ( SPSU)GoogleMaps  .

Diagnosis. Strigota ambigua  is very similar to other Nearctic species of Strigota  and can be reliably identified only by the distinct shape of the aedeagus ( Figs. 149–154View FIGURES 147–154) and spermatheca ( Figs. 147–148View FIGURES 147–154).

Discussion. The types of H. ambigua  , St. oppidana  , St. gnava  , St. verecunda  , St. assueta  , St. mediocris  , St. vapida  , St. inculta  , St. placata  , St. recta  and Ana. brevipennis  are similar in external characters and in the shape of the aedeagus and spermatheca. All these names are considered to be synonyms.

Moore and Legner (1975) proposed the name Atheta notmani  to replace the name Atheta brevipennis ( Notman, 1922)  (ex Anaduosternum  ) which was preoccupied by the name Atheta brevipennis (J. Sahlberg, 1876)  (ex Homalota  ), listed by Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz (1926) as a junior synonym of Atheta (Anopleta) arcana ( Erichson, 1839)  . Atheta notmani  is a junior synonym of Strigota ambigua  .

Distribution. Strigota ambigua  is widespread across the United States. It is known from New York, Connecticut, New Jersey, North Carolina, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Texas, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada and California.

NMNH

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

SIIS

Staten Island Institute of Arts and Sciences

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Staphylinidae

Genus

Strigota

Loc

Strigota ambigua ( Erichson, 1839 )

Gusarov, Vladimir I. 2003
2003
Loc

Paradilacra ambigua:

Seevers, C. H. 1978: 265
1978
Loc

Strigota oppidana: Seevers, 1978: 258

Seevers, C. H. 1978: 258
1978
Loc

Strigota gnava: Seevers, 1978: 257

Seevers, C. H. 1978: 257
1978
Loc

Strigota verecunda: Seevers, 1978: 258

Seevers, C. H. 1978: 258
1978
Loc

Strigota assueta: Seevers, 1978: 257

Seevers, C. H. 1978: 257
1978
Loc

Strigota mediocris: Seevers, 1978: 257

Seevers, C. H. 1978: 257
1978
Loc

Strigota vapida: Seevers, 1978: 258

Seevers, C. H. 1978: 258
1978
Loc

Strigota inculta: Seevers, 1978: 258

Seevers, C. H. 1978: 258
1978
Loc

Strigota placata: Seevers, 1978: 258

Seevers, C. H. 1978: 258
1978
Loc

Strigota recta: Seevers, 1978: 258

Seevers, C. H. 1978: 258
1978
Loc

Anaduosternum brevipennis: Seevers, 1978: 261

Seevers, C. H. 1978: 261
1978
Loc

Strigota oppidana:

Moore, I. & Legner, E. F. 1975: 486
1975
Loc

Strigota gnava:

Moore, I. & Legner, E. F. 1975: 486
1975
Loc

Strigota verecunda:

Moore, I. & Legner, E. F. 1975: 486
1975
Loc

Strigota assueta:

Moore, I. & Legner, E. F. 1975: 486
1975
Loc

Strigota mediocris:

Moore, I. & Legner, E. F. 1975: 486
1975
Loc

Strigota vapida:

Moore, I. & Legner, E. F. 1975: 486
1975
Loc

Strigota inculta:

Moore, I. & Legner, E. F. 1975: 486
1975
Loc

Strigota placata:

Moore, I. & Legner, E. F. 1975: 486
1975
Loc

Strigota recta:

Moore, I. & Legner, E. F. 1975: 486
1975
Loc

Atheta (Anaduosternum) notmani

Moore, I. & Legner, E. F. 1975: 367
1975
Loc

Atheta (Anaduosternum) brevipennis:

Moore, I. & Legner, E. F. 1975: 367
1975
Loc

Atheta (Paradilacra) ambigua: Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz, 1926: 607

Bernhauer, M. & Scheerpeltz, O. 1926: 607
1926
Loc

Strigota oppidana:

Bernhauer, M. & Scheerpeltz, O. 1926: 590
1926
Loc

Strigota gnava:

Bernhauer, M. & Scheerpeltz, O. 1926: 590
1926
Loc

Strigota verecunda:

Bernhauer, M. & Scheerpeltz, O. 1926: 590
1926
Loc

Strigota assueta:

Bernhauer, M. & Scheerpeltz, O. 1926: 590
1926
Loc

Strigota mediocris:

Bernhauer, M. & Scheerpeltz, O. 1926: 590
1926
Loc

Strigota vapida:

Bernhauer, M. & Scheerpeltz, O. 1926: 590
1926
Loc

Strigota inculta:

Bernhauer, M. & Scheerpeltz, O. 1926: 590
1926
Loc

Strigota placata:

Bernhauer, M. & Scheerpeltz, O. 1926: 590
1926
Loc

Strigota recta:

Bernhauer, M. & Scheerpeltz, O. 1926: 590
1926
Loc

Atheta (Anaduosternum) brevipennis:

Moore, I. & Legner, E. F. 1975: 354
Bernhauer, M. & Scheerpeltz, O. 1926: 671
1926
Loc

Anaduosternum brevipennis

Notman, H. 1922: 107
1922
Loc

Paradilacra ambigua:

Fenyes, A. 1920: 244
1920
Loc

Strigota oppidana:

Fenyes, A. 1920: 253
1920
Loc

Strigota gnava:

Fenyes, A. 1920: 253
1920
Loc

Strigota verecunda:

Fenyes, A. 1920: 253
1920
Loc

Strigota assueta:

Fenyes, A. 1920: 253
1920
Loc

Strigota mediocris:

Fenyes, A. 1920: 253
1920
Loc

Strigota vapida:

Fenyes, A. 1920: 253
1920
Loc

Strigota inculta:

Fenyes, A. 1920: 253
1920
Loc

Strigota placata:

Fenyes, A. 1920: 253
1920
Loc

Strigota recta:

Fenyes, A. 1920: 253
1920
Loc

Strigota (s. str.) recta

Casey, T. L. 1911: 165
1911
Loc

Strigota oppidana

Casey, T. L. 1910: 177
1910
Loc

Strigota gnava

Casey, T. L. 1910: 177
1910
Loc

Strigota verecunda

Casey, T. L. 1910: 178
1910
Loc

Strigota assueta

Casey, T. L. 1910: 178
1910
Loc

Strigota mediocris

Casey, T. L. 1910: 179
1910
Loc

Strigota vapida

Casey, T. L. 1910: 179
1910
Loc

Strigota inculta

Casey, T. L. 1910: 180
1910
Loc

Strigota placata

Casey, T. L. 1910: 182
1910
Loc

Homalota ambigua

Erichson, W. F. 1839: 134
1839