Lasiopogon ripicola Melander,

Mcknight, Tristan A. & Cannings, Robert A., 2020, Molecular phylogeny of the genus Lasiopogon (Diptera: Asilidae) and a taxonomic revision of the bivittatus section, Zootaxa 4835 (1), pp. 1-115: 74-76

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4835.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:688C55B3-E241-4687-A751-57289E12B6FB

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4403480

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F55758-FFA2-FFFA-9EAC-49B1FC04F956

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lasiopogon ripicola Melander
status

 

Lasiopogon ripicola Melander 

Lasiopogon ripicola Melander, 1923: 143  .

Diagnosis. ( Fig. 33View FIGURE 33) A medium-large grey species from rivers of the Columbia River basin of Washington and Idaho; setae mostly black, except mystax variable from white to black, short notal setae white, fine setae on femur white; scutum tomentum greyish, with brown dorsocentral stripes; tergites with basal brown tomentum in lateral spots; apical 40–50% covered in grey tomentum. Epandrial halves slender, moderately curved in dorsal view; phallus dorsal carina protruding far past gonopore, with apex swollen and pointed inward to form an imaginary right angle with the aedeagal tube. Ovipositor dark brown/black, acanthophorite spines black.

Redescription. Body length ♂ 11.1–12.3mm; ♀ 11.2–12.3mm. Head. HW ♂ 2.37–2.67mm; ♀ 2.56–2.68mm. FW ♂ 0.53–0.62mm; ♀ 0.57–0.65mm. VW ♂ 0.95–1.10mm; ♀ 1.02–1.13mm. VW/HW = ♂ 0.39–0.43; ♀ 0.39– 0.42. FW/VW = ♂ 0.53–0.56; ♀ 0.53–0.58. VD/VW = ♂ 0.14–0.17; ♀ 0.17–0.21. GH/GL = ♂ 0.37–0.46; ♀ 0.39–0.54. Face yellow-grey, vertex brown to grey. Ventral setae (beard, labium, palps) white; mystax varies from completely yellowish-white to completely black, or mixed; setae of vertex and occiput black. Occipital macrosetae relatively straight, longest to 0.8mm, curved anterolaterally posterior to frons; lateral macrosetae short. Frontal setae reach apex of pedicel; orbital setae curved over eye margin; ocellar setae indistinct amidst frontal setae. Antennae. Black with thin grey tomentum, stylus slightly reddish-black. Setae mostly black, a few short white setae on scape, 1 short seta on postpedicel. Postpedicel moderately long, dorsal and ventral margins slightly bowed in near base; stylus moderately long. WPP/LPP = ♂ 0.25–0.28; ♀ 0.23–0.32. LAS/LPP ♂ 0.64–0.74; ♀ 0.55–0.72. Thorax. Prothorax grey, with white setae; postpronotal lobes brown, the lateral angle chestnut, setae mixed white and black. Scutum tomentum grey to greyish-brown; dorsocentral stripes brown; acrostichal stripes dark grey. Acrostichal and anterior notal setae usually white, rarely black, shorter or equal in length to scape, other notal setae black. Dorsocentral setae black, anteriors 3–5 (to 1.0mm), posteriors 4–5; postalars 2–3; supra-alars 1–4; presuturals 2–3; posthumerals 1.Scutellar tomentum grey to greyish-brown; rim inflated, leaving a semi-circular line impressed inside the dorsal edge; apical macrosetae black, abundant (6–13 on each half); short vertical setae on uppermost edge of rim white. Pleural tomentum dorsally brownish grey, ventrally grey. Katatergite setae mostly black (3–10), with 1–5 white macrosetae; katepisternal setae long, white; anepisternal setae 4–6, black (to 0.7mm), many short black setae along dorsal margin and several long white setae in posteroventral corner; anepimeron with 0–1 fine setae.

Legs. Base color dark brown/black, covered in thin grey tomentum; bare at joints. No coxal peg. Coxae with long white setae; main macrosetae of legs black, fine setae white except on tarsi 3–5. Ventral setae on femur as long or slightly longer than femur width; dorsoapical macrosetae on profemur fine, indistinguishable from the surrounding setae, 3–6; macrosetae on other femorae strong, short, mesofemur with 3–9, metafemur with 9–17. Protibia with ventral macrosetae about 2 times longer than tibial width; dense apicoventral patch of short setae on protibia yellow, no patch on metatibia. Claws chestnut over basal 70%, black apically. Wings. Veins dark brown; membrane hyaline. DCI = 0.27–0.39. Halter knob cream, without spot, stem dark brown. Abdomen. Male. Tergite cuticle dark brown/black; thin brown tomentum on tergite bases, grey tomentum covers apical 40–50% of each tergite (80% of tergite 1) and extends anteriorly broadly on lateral margins and along midline to divide the brown into two lateral spots. Tergite 1 with 3–7 black and 1–4 gold lateral macrosetae; lateral setae white, long (on tergite 1–3 as long as halter, on tergites 4–7 as long as scape + pedicel); dorsal setulae short, white. Sternite tomentum grey, setae white. Female. As in male, except lateral setae of all tergites no longer than scape + pedicel, dorsal setulae black, lateral setae on tergites 5–7 rarely black. Male genitalia. Cuticle dark brown/black, with thin grey tomentum; setal brush dark brown, other setae dark brown/black on hypandrium/gonocoxite complex and ventrolaterally on epandrium, white dorsomedially on epandrium and on cerci. Epandrium elongate, in lateral view the width about 42% the length, widest in basal third; apex rounded with ventral tooth. In dorsal view, medial margins of epandrium moderately curved at 32% from base, relatively straight apically, outer margins suddenly tapered at apex; basal sclerite present. Phallus paramere sheath dorsally about 40% the length of phallus; paramere sheath without ventral ornamentation; dorsal carina protruding far past gonopore, with apex swollen but slightly dorsoventrally flattened and pointed inward to form an imaginary right angle with the aedeagal tube. Ejaculatory apodeme in lateral view moderately bent dorsally, with broad dorsal carina along entire length. Subepandrial sclerite with triangular central unsclerotized area in basal 30% narrowing to a parallel-sided gap in central portion; spines parallel-sided, blunt, distributed relatively evenly.

Female genitalia. Undissected: Cuticle dark brown/black, with sparse fine white setae; macrosetae on lateral lobes white; hypogynial valves long, mostly bare; cerci brown with pale setae (rarely dark brown); acanthophorite spines black.

Variation. Mystax color is variable in this species and unreliable as a taxonomic character. Specimens from the core of the range (around Pasco, WA) have primarily white mystaces, whereas flies from the periphery (e.g., the eastern slopes of the Cascades, the Dalles, or southwestern Idaho) have primarily black mystaces. At the Snake River near the Washington-Idaho border we have caught flies of all three phenotypes (white/black/mixed) on the same beach with no discernible differences in genitalia morphology or genetic haplotypes.

Type Material. HOLOTYPE (examined) ♂ labelled: “[rectangular beige label] Wawawai/ Wash”; “[rectangular red label] TYPE/ Lasiopogon  / ripicola/ Melander”; “[rectangular white and green label] ALMelander/ Collection/ 1961”; “[rectangular beige label] Lasiopogon  / ripicola/ Mel.”; “[rectangular white label] USNMENT00972436”. USNM. 

PARATYPES (16 specimens examined): U.S.A.: WASHINGTON: Lincoln Co., Wilbur [47.757 -118.705]GoogleMaps  , 5.v.1911, A.L. Melander (1♀ USNM, USNMENT1100266View Materials)  ; Whitman Co., Wawawai [46.581 -117.297], A.L. Melander (1♂ 1♀ USNM, USNMENT1100252View Materials USNMENT1100253View Materials)GoogleMaps  , 17.iv.1908, A.L. Melander (1♂ USNM, USNMENT1100263View Materials)  , 23.iv.1909, A.L. Melander (1♀ USNM, USNMENT1100255View Materials)  , 24.iv.1909, A.L. Melander (1♀ CNC, CNC 335, 4♂ 2♀ 1? USNM, USNMENT1100256View Materials USNMENT1100262View Materials)  , 20.v.1911, A.L. Melander (1♀ USNM, USNMENT01100254View Materials [allotype])  ; Yakima Co., N Yakima  , 8.v.1903, E. Jenne (1♂ USNM, USNMENT1100265)  , 19.v.1903, E. Jenne (1♀ USNM, USNMENT1100264View Materials)  .

Other Material Examined (263 specimens). U.S.A.: IDAHO: Ada Co., Boise, Barber Park , 43.56977 - 116.13908, 14.iv.1990, G. Stephens (2♂ 1♀ [1 pr in cop] ESUW)GoogleMaps  , 22.iv.1990, G. Stephens (1♂ RBCM)  , 17.iv.2014, T.A. McKnight (1♂ 1♀ [2 EtOH] UMMZ)  ; Boise Co., Horseshoe Bend [43.904 -116.197], 18.v.1933, F.H. Shirck (1♂ 1♀ CAS, 1♂ RBCM)GoogleMaps  ; Horseshoe Bend, Payette River sandbank, 43.90385 -116.19717, 18.iv.2014, T.A. McKnight (4♂ 2♀ [2 pr in cop] RBCM, 7♂ 4♀ [3 pr in cop] TAM, 6♂ 1♀ [3 EtOH, 1 pr in cop] UMMZ)GoogleMaps  ; Canyon Co., Boise River @ Ft Boise Wildlife Area , 3 mi W of Parma, 43.80222 -117.00055, 23.iv.2014, T.A. McKnight (2♂ 1♀ [1 pr in cop] RBCM, 1♂ 2♀ [1 pr in cop] TAM, 1♂ UMMZ)GoogleMaps  ; Boise River jct Hwy 95, 4 mi SE of Parma, 43.74877 -116.91538GoogleMaps  ; 18.iv.2014, T.A. McKnight (2♂ 2♀ [1 pr in cop] RBCM, 2♂ 1♀ [1 pr in cop] TAM, 4♂ 1♀ [2 EtOH, 1 pr in cop] UMMZ)  ; Parma [43.802 -117.001], 13.v.1933, F.H. Shirck (1♂ CAS)GoogleMaps  , 18.v.1933, F.H. Shirck (1♂ CAS)  ; Latah Co., Viola [46.838 -117.026], 27.v.1962, B.F. Finnigan (1♀ WSUC)GoogleMaps  ; Nez Perce Co., Lewiston [46.451 - 116.819], J.M. Aldrich (2♂ EMEC)GoogleMaps  , 12.v.1901, J.M. Aldrich (1♂ CAS)  , 3.v.1904, J.M. Aldrich (1♂ 1♀ EMEC)  , 26.iv.1912, J.M. Aldrich (2♀ EMEC, 1♂ RBCM)  ; Lewiston , 10 mi E [46.388 -116.794], 16.iv.1981, J.B. Johnson (1♀ BEZA)GoogleMaps  ; Lewiston , 3 mi S [46.361 -117.060], 5.v.1970, W.F. Barr (1♂ 3♀ ESUW, 1♂ 1♀ RBCM)GoogleMaps  ; Spalding [46.451 -116.814], 24.iv.1949, M.T. James (1♂ WSUC)GoogleMaps  ; OREGON: Hood River Co., Hood River [45.713 -121.516], 15.v.1917, F.R. Cole (3♂ FISH)GoogleMaps  , 22.v.1917, F.R. Cole (1♂ FISH)  , 12.vi.1917, F.R. Cole (1♂ FISH)  , 22.vi.1917, F.R. Cole (1♂ FISH)  , 24.vi.1917, F.R. Cole (1♂ FISH)  ; Wasco Co., The Dalles [45.604 -121.191], 2.v.1927, H.A. Scullen (1♀ CAS)GoogleMaps  ; WASHINGTON: Asotin Co., Snake River, opposite Clarkston [46.431 -117.040], 3.v.1925, A.L. Melander (3♂ USNM, USNMENT1100819View Materials, USNMENT1100829View Materials, USNMENT1100832View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Snake River, sandy bank 1.6 mi S of Asotin, jct Hwy 129, 46.33185 -117.02672, 21.iv.2014, T.A. McKnight (1♂ 1♀ RBCM, 2♂ 1♀ TAM, 2♂ [2 EtOH] UMMZ)GoogleMaps  ; Snake River, sandy bank 4 mi S of Asotin jct Hwy 129, 46.30365 -117.00379, 21.iv.2014, T.A. McKnight (1♂ 1♀ [1 pr in cop] RBCM, 2♂ 2♀ [1 pr in cop] TAM, 1♂ 1♀ [1 EtOH] UMMZ)GoogleMaps  ; Benton Co., Benton City [46.254 -119.474], 6.v.1966, C.W. Sabrosky (1♂ USNM, USNMENT1100817View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Hanford Works , wash @640’, sagebrush [46.4591 -119.542], 29.iv.1952, R.H. Whittaker (1♀ WSUC)GoogleMaps  ; Chelan Co., Cashmere [47.5254 -120.472], 12.v.1935, C.W. Getzendaner (2♂ 1♀ CAS)GoogleMaps  ; Franklin Co., Pasco [46.206 -119.037], 23.iv.1933, I. Wilcox (14♂ 5♀ 1? CAS, 2♂ 1♀ FISH, 1♂ 1♀ RBCM, 3♂ USNM, USNMENT1100269View Materials USNMENT1100270View Materials, USNMENT1100273View Materials), J. Wilcox (1♂ 1♀ BEZA, 37♂ 14♀ 3? CAS, 1♀ CNC, 2♂ 1♀ EMEC, 3♂ 2♀ FISH, 1♂ 1♀ LACM, LACM ENT 334053View Materials – LACM ENT 334054View Materials, 4♂ 4♀ MCZ, 4♂ 4♀ OSUC, OSUC 194393View Materials OSUC 194400View Materials, 4♂ 1♀ RBCM, RBCM ENT 991-86346View Materials, 1♂ 1♀ UCRC, 3♂ 4♀ USNM, USNMENT1100271View Materials USNMENT1100272View Materials, USNMENT1100274View Materials USNMENT1100278View Materials), 17.iv.1934, C.H. Martin (1♂ ESUW, 1♀ FISH, 3♂ 3♀ FSCA), D. Martin (1♂ FISH, 2♂ FSCA, 1♂ RBCM)GoogleMaps  ; Garfield Co., Wawawai , 14 mi S [46.427 -117.324], 9.v.1958, D.W. Tuff (1♀ WSUC)GoogleMaps  ; Okanogan Co., Chewuch River , N of Eight Mile Creek [48.609 -120.163], 23.v.1991, S.G. Cannings (6♂ 4♀ [3 pr in cop] RBCM, RBCM ENT 991-60112View Materials, RBCM ENT 991-60118View Materials – RBCM ENT 991-60121View Materials, RBCM ENT 991-68111View Materials, RBCM ENT 991-68114View Materials – RBCM ENT 991-68117View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; Whitman Co., Pullman [46.737 - 117.190], 4.iv.1909, A.L. Melander (1♀ USNM, USNMENT1100267View Materials), 24.iv.1909, A.L. Melander (1? USNM, USNMENT1100268)GoogleMaps  ; Wawawai [46.581 -117.297], 24.iv.1909, W.M. Mann (1♂ MCZ)GoogleMaps  , 1.v.1909, W.W. Mann (1♀ MCZ, 1♀ USNM, USNMENT1099796View Materials), 30.iv.1961, M.T. James (1♂ 1♀ RBCM, 3♂ 2♀ WSUC), 4.[date illegible] (1♀ EMEC)  .

Taxonomic Notes. The original description lists a male and female specimen as “types”, i.e., syntypes and not holotype / allotype. However, for decades the male specimen has been isolated, labeled, and treated as a standalone “type” while the female was labeled and treated as an allotype among the paratypes. Males are the preferred sex for resolving taxonomic questions in this genus, and so we do not see ambiguity in this species that would precipitate designating a lectotype.

The two specimens from Pullman (Whitman Co., Washington) bear the same paratype labels as the other paratypes and help the series of specimens with paratype labels add up to the total noted in the original description; however, this locality was not mentioned in the original text and so we have not included them in the official paratype list  .

Because L. ripicola  was originally thought to only have a white mystax, black-mystaced specimens were frequently misidentified as L. willametti  . The two species are mostly allopatric, but there is a small area of overlap in Boise, Idaho, and we believe further work should investigate whether hybridization occurs between these two species, as well as with L. puyallupi  .

Etymology. No explanation given in the original description, but evidently from the Latin ripa = bank, cola = inhabitant of; like many Lasiopogon  species, this one lives on the banks of rivers.

Distribution ( Fig. 39View FIGURES 37–40) Nearctic; USA, eastern Washington, western Idaho, and northeastern Oregon. A specimen with a locality label of “Alberta” has been referenced as this species in the literature ( Adisoemarto 1967) and would be a far outlier, but the voucher specimen is no longer confidently identifiable due to dermestid damage. Type locality: U.S.A., Washington, Wawawai.

Phylogenetic Relationships. Member of the bivittatus  section, basal to the rest of the actius  group.

Natural History. Habitat: sandy riverbanks. Perches on bare sand adjacent to low, scraggly vegetation ( Fig. 14View FIGURES 14–21), rarely on boulders or cobble. Dates collected: April 4 to June 24, most in late April. Three males and three females (including a female in a mating pair) with prey: three Muscidae  ( Diptera  ), one Sarcophagidae  ( Diptera  ), one Hydroptilidae  ( Trichoptera  ), and one Brachycentridae  ( Trichoptera  ).

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

ESUW

University of Wyoming Insect Museum and Gallery

RBCM

Royal British Columbia Museum

UMMZ

University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

TAM

Estonian Museum of Natural History

EMEC

Essig Museum of Entomology

LACM

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

OSUC

Oregon State University

UCRC

University of California, Riverside

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Asilidae

Genus

Lasiopogon

Loc

Lasiopogon ripicola Melander

Mcknight, Tristan A. & Cannings, Robert A. 2020
2020
Loc

Lasiopogon ripicola

Melander, A. L. 1923: 143
1923