Lasiopogon albidus Cole & Wilcox,

Mcknight, Tristan A. & Cannings, Robert A., 2020, Molecular phylogeny of the genus Lasiopogon (Diptera: Asilidae) and a taxonomic revision of the bivittatus section, Zootaxa 4835 (1), pp. 1-115: 34-35

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4835.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:688C55B3-E241-4687-A751-57289E12B6FB

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4403400

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F55758-FFCA-FF93-9EAC-49C5FC0CF89D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lasiopogon albidus Cole & Wilcox
status

 

Lasiopogon albidus Cole & Wilcox 

Lasiopogon albidus Cole & Wilcox, 1938: 21  .

Diagnosis. ( Fig. 31View FIGURE 31) A medium-sized pale grey species from inland sand dunes of Oregon and Washington; all setae white to golden; macrosetae well developed; trochanters and femur/tibia joint ferruginous; tergites with faint basal spots of brown tomentum, otherwise covered in thick silvery-grey tomentum. Epandrial halves strongly concave medially, with long setae; ovipositor dark brown with yellow acanthophorite spines.

Redescription. Body length ♂ 8.4–11.2mm; ♀ 9.5–11.9mm. Head. HW ♂ 1.84–2.28mm; ♀ 1.95–2.44mm. FW ♂ 0.43–0.57mm; ♀ 0.46–0.62mm. VW ♂ 0.87–1.03mm; ♀ 0.94–1.04mm. VW/HW = ♂ 0.45–0.47; ♀ 0.43– 0.48. FW/VW = ♂ 0.49–0.55; ♀ 0.49–0.60. VD/VW = ♂ 0.07–0.11; ♀ 0.10–0.13. GH/GL = ♂ 0.54–0.57; ♀ 0.38–0.44. Face with silver-grey tomentum; vertex with gold-grey tomentum. Mystax, frontal, and occipital setae straw-colored; beard and labial setae usually white. Occipital macrosetae relatively straight and of average length, those behind the dorsomedial angle of the eye 0.6mm long and most curved; lateral and ventral macrosetae shorter, straighter. Frontal setae fine and short; orbital setae long, erect. Antennae. Dark brown, postpedicel black/brown. Setae straw-colored, no setae on postpedicel. Postpedicel rectangular, slightly tapered in apical half; stylus of even width, tapered only at apex. WPP/LPP = ♂ 0.31–0.35; ♀ 0.30–0.33. LAS/LPP = ♂ 0.57–0.65; ♀ 0.57–0.69. Thorax. Prothorax grey/brown, setae white; postpronotal lobes grey to brownish grey, lateral angle ferruginous, setae white. Scutum tomentum pale grey, brown around the perimeter. Dorsocentral stripes pale gold-brown with dark cuticle subshining; acrostichal stripes absent. Macrosetae straw-colored, shorter setae white. Anterior dorsocentral macrosetae 5–6 (to 0.9mm), mixed with finer setae; 4 posteriors. Postalars 4, with about 7 shorter setae; supra-alars 3 with 3 shorter setae; presuturals 3–4; posthumerals 1–2. Scutellar tomentum grey; rim strongly inflated, leaving a semi-circular line impressed inside the dorsal edge; apical macrosetae straw-colored, abundant (usually 8–10+ on each side) and mixed with many other long setae. Pleural tomentum gold. Katatergite macrosetae straw-colored, 8, with a few weaker setae; katepisternal setae sparse, moderately long, white; anepisternal setae 4–5, moderately strong (to 0.8mm) and mixed with other setae, a patch of short white setae on dorsal margin of sclerite; anepimeron with a single fine seta, white.

Legs. Cuticle dark brown to black, trochanter and base of femur ferruginous, sometimes reddish at joints of femur/tibiae and tarsal bases; tomentum sparse, grey. No coxal peg. Macrosetae on legs dirty white, finer setae white. Ventral setae on femur somewhat sparse and short, as long as or shorter than width of femur; dorsolateral macrosetae on femur strong, 7–8 on profemur, mixed with many finer setae; 4–5 on mesofemur; longer and more numerous on metafemur (15–16). Protibia with longest macrosetae about 3–4 times longer than tibial width. Claws chestnut over basal 40–50%, black apically. Wings. Veins brown, paler in apical half; membrane transparent, milky white when viewed obliquely. DCI = 0.33–0.49. Halter yellow, with no spot. Abdomen. Cuticle dark brown/black basally, covered in grey tomentum except for very faint and broadly separated patches of brown tomentum at bases of tergites 2–7, apical light grey tomentum covers about 50% the length of each tergite and extends medially and laterally to the tergite base; tergite 1 completely covered in light grey tomentum. All tergites in male with long lateral setae; tergites 4–7 in female with short lateral setae, anterior tergites as in male. Lateral macrosetae on first tergite long but relatively weak, 8–9. Sternite tomentum grey, setae straw-colored/white. Male genitalia. Epandrium and hypandrium/gonocoxite complex cuticle brown/chestnut; covered in thin grey tomentum and long white setae, setal brush yellowish white, dense. Epandrium elongate, in lateral view the width about 45% the length, widest in basal third, dorsally and ventrally sinuate; apex right-angled ventrally, straight-edged apically, and rounded dorsally. In dorsal view, medial margins of epandrium moderately curved, curvature starts around 35% from base; basal sclerite prominent. Phallus paramere sheath dorsally 45% the length of phallus; paramere sheath with a strong subapical ventral tooth; dorsal carina jutting out like a thin fin near apex, leaving only a narrow gap between apex of dorsal carina and gonopore. Ejaculatory apodeme in lateral view moderately bent dorsally in basal quarter, strongly recurved at apex, dorsal carina narrowly filling the gap. Subepandrial sclerite with triangular central unsclerotized area in basal 50% narrowing to a parallel-sided gap in central portion; spines parallel-sided, blunt, densely arranged apically, sparse elsewhere.

Female genitalia. Undissected: Setae white, abundant, erect. Tergite 8 dark brown/black; sternite 8 dark brown, paler medially at bases of hypogynial valves; lateral lobe setae strong. Hypogynial valves with fine setae, concentrated basally and apically. Cerci brown/black with pale setae; acanthophorite spines yellow.

Type Material. HOLOTYPE (photos examined) ♂ labelled: “[rectangular white label] Kiona, Wn./ IV-23 1933 ”;”[rectangular white label] J. Wilcox/ Coll.”; “[rectangular salmon label] HOLOTYPE / Lasiopogon  /albidus/ Cole & Wilcox”;”[rectangular white label] California Academy/ of Sciences, Type No. 6407”. CAS.

PARATYPES (56 specimens examined): U.S.A.: WASHINGTON: Benton Co., Kiona [46.2540 -119.2890], 23.iv.1933, Itol Wilcox (3♂ 3♀ CAS [allotype included], 1♂ CNC, CNC 16734View Materials, 1♀ EMEC, 2♂ 1♀ FISH, 1♀ UCRC, 2♂ 1♀ USNM, USNMENT1100141View Materials USNMENT1100143View Materials)GoogleMaps  , J. Wilcox (2♂ BEZA,  16♂ 4♀ 1? CAS, 1♀ CNC, CNC 16734View Materials,  1♂ EMEC,  1♀ FISH,  1♂ LACM, LACM ENT 334005View Materials,  2♂ 2♀ MCZ, MCZ 19431View Materials,  2♂ 2♀ OSUC, OSUC 542538View Materials OSUC 542541View Materials,  1♂ UCRC,  2♂ 3♀ USNM, USNMENT1100144View Materials USNMENT1100148View Materials)  .

Other Material Examined (37 specimens). U.S.A.: OREGON: Harney Co., Alvord Basin T41S R35E S155E¼ [42.006 -118.594], 29.iv.1979, Cobb & Lightfoot (1♂ FISH)GoogleMaps  ; Lake Co., Alkali Lake, 2.5 km N on Hwy 395, 43.0217 -119.9896 °, 30.iv.2014, T.A. McKnight (1♀ [1 EtOH] UMMZ)GoogleMaps  ; Fossil Lake [43.353 -120.436], 16.v.1957, W.J. Hogg (2♂ 2♀ RBCM, RBCM ENT 991-69069View Materials – RBCM ENT 991-69072View Materials)GoogleMaps  ; WASHINGTON: Benton Co., Hanford Site , sand dunes W of Columbia River, 46.5203 -119.3477, 25.iv.1995, R.S. Zack (1♂ 1♀ WSUC)GoogleMaps  ; Franklin Co., Juniper Dunes Wilderness , N entrance 18 mi NE of Pasco, 46.4249 -118.8301, 20.iv.2014, T.A. McKnight (3♂ 1♀ RBCM, 5♂ 2♀ TAM, 5♂ 2♀ [5 EtOH] UMMZ)GoogleMaps  ; juniper forest 30 mi NE Pasco [46.533 -118.584], 2.v.1970, E. Gage (1♀ BEZA)GoogleMaps  ; Walla Walla Co., Wallula 1 mi W [46.080 -118.908], 30.iv.1960, M.T. & H.B. James (2♀ RBCM, 2♂ 6♀ WSUC)GoogleMaps  .

Taxonomic Notes. Because of their similar pale appearance, specimens of L. quadrivittatus  have occasionally been misidentified as this species, as in Nelson (1987).

Etymology. No explanation given in the original description, but evidently from the Latin albus = white; referring to the overall pale coloration of the body tomentum and setae.

Distribution ( Fig. 37View FIGURES 37–40) Nearctic; USA, inland sagebrush dunes of eastern Oregon and Washington; reports from Utah and Arizona are likely erroneous. All specimens that we have found identified as L. albidus  from Utah and Arizona have proven to instead be L. quadrivittatus  , and while we have not personally inspected every specimen listed as L. albidus  in Nelson’s (1987) checklist of Utah asilids, the remaining records match entries for L. quadrivittatus in Cannings (2002)  . Type locality: U.S.A.: Washington: Benton Co., 8 mi E of Kiona ( Cole and Wilcox 1938).

Phylogenetic Relationships. Member of the bivittatus  section, likely basal to the drabicolum  group.

Natural History. Habitat: inland sand dunes and sagebrush steppe. Found perching on bare sand dunes far from water with sparse grasses, sagebrush, and juniper ( Fig. 17View FIGURES 14–21) and “far from the dunes on a loamy-clay flatland interspersed by sandy patches […] vegetated largely by halophyte shrubs” ( Cobb et al. 1981: 10). Dates collected: April 20 to May 2 (an unverified report extends the range to May 16). Found in the same localities and habitats as L. chaetosus  , but no specimen records coincide in phenology, suggesting that L. albidus  may have an earlier emergence season. One male with prey: Cicadellidae  ( Hemiptera  ) nymph.

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

EMEC

Essig Museum of Entomology

UCRC

University of California, Riverside

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

LACM

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

OSUC

Oregon State University

UMMZ

University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology

RBCM

Royal British Columbia Museum

TAM

Estonian Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Asilidae

Genus

Lasiopogon

Loc

Lasiopogon albidus Cole & Wilcox

Mcknight, Tristan A. & Cannings, Robert A. 2020
2020
Loc

Lasiopogon albidus

Cole, F. R. & Wilcox, J. 1938: 21
1938