Terebellidae, Grube, 1850

Londoño-Mesa, Mario H., 2009, Terebellidae (Polychaeta: Terebellida) from the Grand Caribbean region 2320, Zootaxa 2320 (1), pp. 1-93 : 7-10

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.2320.1.1

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F75303-AE58-FFB7-FF7E-FB783AE085A3

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Terebellidae
status

 

Key to subfamilies, genera and species of Terebellidae from the Grand Caribbean

1. Thoracic uncini in double or alternating rows on some chaetigers...................................( Terebellinae Grube, 1850 ) 2

- Thoracic uncini in single rows throughout, or uncini absent ..................................................................................... 35

2. With branchiae .............................................................................................................................................................. 3

- Without branchiae ...................................................................................................................................................... 30

3. Notochaetae with serrate tips ...................................................................................................................................... 4

- Notochaetae with smooth tips .................................................................................................................................... 13

4. With lateral lappets .......................................................................................................( Neoamphitrite Hessle, 1917 ) 5

- Without lateral lappets ................................................................................................................................................. 6

5. Thoracic uncini in single row from chaetiger 2–6 ........................................................ Neoamphitrite sp. A Kritzler, 1984

- Thoracic uncini in single row from chaetiger 2–7 .................................................................................. N. glasbyi sp. nov.

6. Neuropodia from chaetiger 3 ............................................................................................. ( Neoleprea Hessle, 1917 ) 7

- Neuropodia from chaetiger 2 ....................................................................................................................................... 8

7. With eyespots, 19 segments with notochaetae .............................................................. Neoleprea sp. A Kritzler, 1984

- Without eyespots; 27 segments with notochaetae ................................................................................. Neoleprea sp. 1

8. Branchiae on segments 2–3 ....................................................................... Amphitritides bruneocomata ( Ehlers, 1887)

- Branchiae on other combination of segments .............................................................................................................. 9

9. Branchiae on segments 2–4, branched from the base or with short stalk ............................ ( Terebella Linnaeus, 1767 ) 10

- Branchiae on non sequential segments ..................................................................................................................... 11

10. Eyespots present; about 80 segments with notochaetae ............................................................ T. verrilli Holthe, 1986

- Eyespots absent; about 26 segments with notochaetae .......................................................... T. turgidula Ehlers, 1887

11. Notopodia from segment 2, neuropodia from segment 3 .................................... Polymniella aurantiaca ( Verrill, 1900)

- Notopodia from segment 4; neuropodia from segment 5 ........................................( Terebellobranchia Day, 1951 ) 12 12. Branchiae on segments 3, 4 and 7; uncini MF:1:4:4 ...................... T. mchughae Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005

- Branchiae on segments 2, 5 and 8; uncini MF:3:3–4 ............................................. T. hiata ( Treadwell, 1931) comb. nov.

13. One or two pairs of branchiae .................................................................................................................................... 14

- Three pairs of branchiae.............................................................................................................................................. 22

14. Uncini of neuropodia one, at least, with long posterior process ............................( Pista Malmgren, 1866 , partim) 15

- Uncini of all neuropodia with short or without posterior process .............................................................................. 19

15. One pair of branchiae ............................................................................................................. Pista sp. B Kritzler, 1984

- Two pairs of branchiae; branchiae branched .............................................................................................................. 16

16. All thoracic uncini with long posterior process ................................................................ P. cf. fasciata (Grube, 1870)

- Some thoracic uncini without posterior process ......................................................................................................... 17

17. Segment 4 with two dorsal lobes ....................................................................................................................................... 18

- Segment 4 lacking dorsal lobes; notochaetae on each notopodium of two lengths ....................................................... ................................................................................................................................ P. cf. quadrilobata ( Augener, 1918

18. Dorsal lobes long and close to each other ............................................................................. P. palmata ( Verrill, 1873)

- Dorsal lobes short, separated by a thick mid-dorsal tissue ................................. P. cetrata ( Ehlers, 1887) comb. nov.

19. Lateral lappets absent ..................................................................................................... Nicolea modesta Verrill, 1900

- Lateral lappets present ............................................................................................................................................... 20

20. Lateral lappets on segments 1, 2 and 3 ........................... Pistella papillosa ( Tourtellotte & Kritzler, 1988) comb. nov.

- Lateral lappets combined on segments 2/3 ....................................................( Lanicola Hartmann-Schröder, 1986 ) 21

21. Thoracic dorsum smooth ......................................................................................... L. carus ( Young & Kritzler, 1987)

- Anteior thoracic dorsum with many tubercles ............................................... L. garciagomezi ( Londoño-Mesa, 2006)

22. Lateral lappets absent............................................................................................. Scionides reticulata ( Ehlers, 1887)

- Lateral lappets present .............................................................................................................................................. 23

23. Lateral lappets short, on segments 2, 3 and 4; uncini with teeth in two or more transverse rows ................................. ..................................................................................................................................... ( Eupolymnia Verrill, 1900 )...24

- Lateral lappets long, on segments 1 and 3; uncini with teeth in single vertical row ....... ( Loimia Malmgren, 1966 ) 27

24. First five thoracic neuropodia with uncini in single rows ................................................................. E. rullieri sp. nov.

- First six thoracic neuropodia with uncini in single rows ........................................................................................... 25

25. Lateral lappets equal-sized ......................................................................................................................................... 26

- Lateral lappets from segment 3 considerably longer ................................................. Eupolymnia sp. A Kritzler, 1984

26. 17 thoracic chaetigers … ................................................................................................. E. magnifica ( Webster, 1884)

- 25 thoracic chaetigers … .......................................................................................... E. crassicornis ( Schmarda, 1861)

27. Uncini on neuropodia 1–3 with long posterior process ........................ L. salazari Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005

- All uncini without posterior process .......................................................................................................................... 28

28. Uncini with teeth gradually decreasing in size; thoracic uncini with 5 teeth in single vertical series; abdominal uncini with 6 teeth ........................................................................................................................... L. minuta Treadwell, 1929

- Both thoracic and abdominal uncini with teeth equal-sized ...................................................................................... 29

29. Thoracic and abdominal uncini with 5 teeth in single vertical series .............................. L. bermudensis Verrill, 1900

- Thoracic and abdominal uncini with 7 teeth in single vertical series ......................................... L. viridis Moore, 1903

30. Lateral lappets present ............................................................................................................................................... 31

- Lateral lappets absent ................................................................................................................................................. 32

31. Lateral lappets on segments 1–3 .................................................................................. Pista sombreriana McIntosh, 1885

- Lateral lappets on segments 2–3 ....................................................................................................................... Proclea sp. 1

32. Neuropodia from segment 5........................................................................................................................................ 33

- Neuropodia from segment 10 ................................................................................................... Genus B Kritzler, 1984

33. Notochaetae “Spinosphaera-type” ...............................................................................( Spinosphaera Hessle, 1917 ) 34

- Notochaetae subdistally smooth with serrated tip ............................................................ Lanassa sp. A Kritzler, 1984

34. With 20–23 notopodia; first seven notopodia with bilimbate chaetae equal-sized; thoracic uncini with dental formula MF:6–7:6–7:11–12:11–12; abdominal uncini with dental formula MF:4–6:5–6:7–8 ......................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... S. hutchingsae Londoño-Mesa, 2003

- With 15 notopodia; first six notopodia with bilimbate chaetae of two lengths; thoracic and abdominal uncini with dental formula MF:3:3–4:6–7 ................................................................................................ S. carrerai Londoño-Mesa, 2003

35. With branchiae ........................................................................................................... ( Thelepodinae Hessle, 1917 ) 36

- Without branchiae ................................................................................................... ( Polycirrinae Malmgren, 1866 ) 48 36. Tentacular membrane smooth; one type of tentacle ................................................................................................... 37

- Tentacular membrane with two transverse lobes on dorsal surface; two types of tentacles .......................................... ......................................................................................................................... Kritzlerius anomalus gen. nov., sp. nov.

37. Notopodia from segment 2 ............................................................................................... ( Streblosoma Sars, 1872 ) 38

- Notopodia from segment 3 ......................................................................................................................................... 40

38. Three pairs of branchiae ............................................................................................................................................ 39

- Five pairs of branchiae ..................................................................................................... S. polybranchia Verrill, 1900

39. First pair of branchiae arises anteriorly to notopodia; eyespots around all tentacular membrane.................................. ........................................................................................................................................... S. hartmanae Kritzler, 1971

- First pair of branchiae arsises dorsally to notopodia; eyespots in two lateral distinct groups on tentacular membrane ......................................................................................................................................................... S. tenhovei sp. nov.

40. Lateral lappets present ...................................................................................................... Euthelepus kritzleri sp. nov.

- Lateral lappets absent ................................................................................................................................................ 41

41. Thoracic uncini absent ........................................................... Telothelepus cf. capensis Day, 1955 fide Kritzler, 1984

- Thoracic uncini present .............................................................................................................................................. 42

42. Neuropodia from segment 5 ............................................................................................( Thelepus Leuckart, 1849 ) 43

- Neuropodia from segment 8 .................................................................................... Rhinothelepus sp. A Kritzler, 1984

43. Two pairs of branchiae ............................................................................................................................................... 44

- Three pairs of branchiae ............................................................................................................................................. 46

44. Each branchia as single filament ................................................................................................................................ 45

- Branchiae with 2–4 filaments ............................................................................ T. crassibranchiatus Treadwell, 1901

45. Notochaetae lanceolate, distally bilimbate ............................................................. T. tenuis ( Verrill, 1900) comb. nov.

- Notochaetae paleate ........................................................................................................... T. pascua (Fauchald, 1977)

46. Branchiae with 2–4 filaments .................................................................................................................................... 47

- Branchiae with 20–32 filaments .............................................................................................. T. haitiensis Treadwell, 1931

47. Uncini MF:2:0–1 ...................................................................................................... T. verrilli ( Treadwell, 1911) comb. nov.

- Uncini MF:2:3 .......................................................................................................................................... Thelepus sp. 1

48. Without any chaetae ..................................................................................................... Hauchiella sp. A Kritzler, 1984

- With at least one kind of chaetae ............................................................................................................................... 49

49. Neurochaetae absent ................................................................................................................................................. 50

- Neurochaetae present ................................................................................................................................................. 54

50. Thoracic notopodia furcate or branched ................................................... Enoplobranchus sanguineus ( Verrill, 1873)

- Thoracic notopodia not branched .............................................................................................................................. 51

51. Only thoracic notochaetae ................................................................................................. Lysilla Malmgren, 1866 ...52

- Thoracic notochaeta and abdominal neurochaetae ................................................................................. Amaeana sp. 1

52. Lobules of tentacular membrane divided into 3 digitate projections ......................................................................... 53

- Lobules of the tentacular membrane folded and free, but not divided ............................... Lysilla sp. B Kritzler, 1984

53. With 10 pairs of notopodia; capillary chaetae smooth.................................................................. Lysilla caribe sp. nov.

- With 13 pairs of notopodia; capillary chaetae hispid .......................................................... Lysilla sp. A Kritzler, 1984

54. Notochaetae absent .................................................................................... Biremis blandi Polloni, Rowe & Teal, 1973

- Notochaetae present ......................................................................................................... ( Polycirrus Grube, 1850 ) 55

55. One type of notochaetae (smooth, hirsute or pinnate) ................................................................................................ 56

- Two types of notochaetae (smooth and pinnate) ........................................................................................................ 62

56. Hirsute or smooth notochaetae.................................................................................................................................... 57

- Pinnate notochaetae ................................................................................................................................................... 61

57. Smooth notochaetae ................................................................................................................................................... 58

- Hirsute notochaetae .................................................................................................................................................... 59

58. Twenty-three pairs of notopodia; uncini from segment 16 … P. cf. haematodes (Claparède, 1864) fide Kritzler, 1984

- Nineteen pairs of notopodia; uncini from segment 13 … P. cf. denticulatus de Saint-Joseph, 1894 fide Kritzler, 1984

59. Ten pairs of notopodia; uncini from segment 10 ............................................................. P. purpureus Schmarda, 1861

- Seventeen pairs of notopodia ...................................................................................................................................... 60

60. Uncini from segment 17 ................................................................. P. cf. albicans Malmgren, 1866 fide Kritzler, 1984

- Uncini from segment 18 ................................................................................................ Polycirrus sp. B Kritzler, 1984

61. Twenty pairs of notopodia; uncini from segment 21 ......................................................... P. pennulifera Verrill, 1900

- Twelve pairs of notopodia; uncini from segment 5 ........................... P. holthei Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005

62. Thirty-one pairs of notopodia; uncini from segment 7 ....................................................................... P. angeli sp. nov.

- Seventy-two pairs of notopodia ................................................................................... Polycirrus sp. A Kritzler, 1984