Meoneura baechlii, Stuke & Barták, 2019

Stuke, Jens-Hermann & Barták, Miroslav, 2019, Records of Carnidae from the collection of Miroslav Barták (Diptera: Carnidae), with the description of five new species, Zootaxa 4567 (2), pp. 326-346: 331-335

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4567.2.6

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8C4E34D8-2D18-4DE4-A5AA-0BB2B8BECBCA

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F9634F-FD68-FFC4-2FF0-D59D5D020545

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Meoneura baechlii
status

spec. nov.

Meoneura baechlii   spec. nov.

( Figs. 7–10 View FIGURES 7–10 )

Holotype ♂: (1) „I: Mte. Terminillo / meadow nr. wood / 42.26N / 13.07E 2000 m / Barták, 4.viii.1988 “; (2) „ Holotypus / Meoneura baechlii   / spec. nov. ♂ / det. Stuke 2018“. GoogleMaps  

The holotype is deposited in the collection of the Czech University of Life Sciences, Czech Republic, Prague (CULSP). The specimen was glued on a card point and the abdomen was glued, too. Therefore, it was necessary for examination to macerate the complete specimen and store it in a glycerine microvial pinned underneath the label. The specimen is in a poor condition with most setae of the body surface broken and the thorax is broken. Therefore, the description of head and thorax is incomplete.

Description of holotype (male). Length about 1.6 mm. Wing length 1.2 mm. Head height 0.3 mm.

Head black. Antenna black to dark brown. Arista without pubescence. Maximum eye length: maximum eye height = 1. Posteroventral margin of gena closest to eye margin: maximum eye height = 0.5. Frons microtomentose, frontal triangle shining to subshining. Frontal triangle distinct, reaching about 1/2 distance from anterior ocellus to frontal margin. Carina narrow. Postcranium microtomentose. Prementum about as long and slightly wider than labellum. Palpus brown, about 1/2 as long as the haustellum.

Scutum with 1 long posterior dorsocentral seta, other setae or scars of setae could not be detected. Costa with no obvious setae beyond radial vein R 1. Wing hyaline, veins light yellow to yellow brown. R 4+5 slightly curved to apex of wing. Knob of haltere whitish yellow, base of haltere brown. Legs black to brown. Fore femur apically with 2 strong posteroventral setae, other setae could not be recognized. Hind femur apically with 1 strong anteroventral seta. Length metatarsus 2: length tibia 2 = 0.5.

Tergites with no obvious depressions or tufts of setulae. Abdominal pleura with scattered setae on abdominal segments 4–5. Abdominal segments 1–5 moderately narrow, width of tergite 3: length of tergite 3 = 2.0. Tergites 2–4 each with 1 distinct lateral seta at the posterior margin, tergite 5 with an obvious long lateral seta and 3 long submedial setae at the posterior margin. Sternite 5 almost rectangular ( Fig. 10 View FIGURES 7–10 ). Sternite 5 with scattered setae. Midventral tergite 7 distinct. Protandrium long, about as long as epandrium and about 0.8 of length of tergite 5. Epandrium apically with long setae and with several smaller setae ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 7–10 ). Maximum length dorsally in the middle of epandrium: maximum width of epandrium = 0.8. Cerci distinct, distinctly projecting, and with a few setulae only. Subepandrial sclerites sclerotised and distinctly separated by the hardly sclerotised hypoproct. No setula recognized on subepandrial plate. No proceeding of hypoproct. No tooth on subepandrial plate. Surstylus as Figs. 7, 8 View FIGURES 7–10 : bifurcated, with a smaller, slightly stronger sclerotized, short, pointed dorsal part and a larger, anteriorly rounded ventral part. Dorsal part of surstylus dorsally with several obviously long setae and apically with inconspicuous short setulae. No additional lamella recognized. Postgonite as in Fig. 9 View FIGURES 7–10 : distinctly sclerotised, with a broad base, slightly elongated, pointed, apically not bent like a hook. Distiphallus slightly longer than epandrium and surstylus, covered with dense black setulae that form a dark surface over almost the complete distiphallus. Basiphallus obviously sclerotised, long, narrow, at its base not widened.

Diagnosis. Meoneura baechlii   has a distinctive postabdomen with a bifurcate surstylus ( Figs. 7, 8 View FIGURES 7–10 ). The ventral part of surstylus is larger than the dorsal part. Only the dorsal part has long setae that are about twice as long as surstylus. The ventral part has only a few less conspicuous setae. Several long setae arise apically on the epandrium and are about as long as length of epandrium ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 7–10 ). The only species that is similar to M. baechlii   due to the shape of the surstylus is M. nevadensis Lyneborg, 1969   . Concerning the original description M. nevadensis   has only 2 small setae at the dorsal part of the surstylus and no setae at the ventral part ( Lyneborg 1969: 43, Fig. 21 View FIGURES 19–23 ). M. nevadensis   has some long setae apical at the epandrium, too, but these are only about as long as height of epandrium.

Etymology. This species is dedicated to Prof. Dr. Gerhard Baechli (Zürich). No dipterist collected more Carnidae   and Gerhard Baechli´s contribution to the knowledge of this hardly known family cannot be overstated.

Distribution. Meoneura baechlii   is hitherto only known from the locus typicus Monte Terminillo of the Abruzzi Apennine ( Italy) at a height of 2000 meter.

Meoneura exigua   COLLIN, 1930

Material: CZECH REPUBLIC: 1♂, 10.–17.vii.2012, Praha, Troja [50°07’15’’N 14°23’53’’E], 184 m, emergence trap baited with pig carcas, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 2♂♂, 22.–29.v.2012, dito; 1♂, 5.–12.vi.2012, dito; 1♂, 6.–14.v.2015, dito; 1♂, 11.–19. viii.2015, dito; 1♂, 1.–7.viii.2012, dito; 4♂♂, 3.–10.vii.2012, dito; 3♂♂, 7.–14.v.2012, dito; ITALY: 1♂, 3.viii.1988, Amatrice , 5 km s, pine wood near pasture [42.39°N 13.20°E], 1700 m, protein trap, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; TURKEY: 2♂♂, 23.v.2011, 12 km sw of Muğla [37°7’40’’N 28°16’28’’E], 660 m, on Ferula communis   , leg. M. Barták & Š. Kubik, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 3♂♂, xi.2012 – iii.2013, Muğla, pine wood [37°09’41’’N 28°22’21’’E], 700 m, protein trap, leg. M. Barták & Š. Kubik, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, v.–vi.2013, Muğla, pine wood [37°09’41’’N 28°22’21’’E], 700 m, protein trap, leg. O. Dursun, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis: Collin (1930).

M. exigua   has not been recorded before from Italy and Turkey.

Meoneura flavifacies   COLLIN, 1930

Material: BULGARIA: 2♂♂, 15.vii.1987, Georgi Trajkov , edge of oak wood [43.00°N 27.48°E], leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 27.vi.2016, Pirin, Vikhren hut, alpine meadow [41°45’22’’N 23°24’55’’E], 2000 m, leg. M. Barták & Š. Kubik, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 21.vii.1987, Sliven, 13 km N, damp valley [42.49°N 26.16°E], 700 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 23.vii.1987, Voinesa , pasture near river [45.28°N 23.52°E], leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; CZECH REPUBLIC: 1♂, 3.v.–1. vi.2010, Březí , alfalfa ecol. agric. [49°48’43.4’’ 16°33’’13.4’’E], 190 m, leg. J. Rotrekl, coll. CULSP   ; 4♂♂, 23.–26.v.2001, Krkonoše, Labská louka [50°46’11’’N 15°32’32’’E], 1350 m, leg. Vaněk, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 3.–4.vii.2005, Krkonoše, Luční hora (maringotka) [50°43’14.4’’N 15°41’00.9’’E], 1450 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 2.viii.2007, Krkonoše, Obří důl nr. brook [50°43’36’’N 15°43’40’’E], 950 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 24.v.–10.vi.2010, Lhotka, Lolium westerwold [49°52’41.2’’N 17°43’49.3’’], 451m, emergence trap, leg. J. Frydrych, coll. CULSP   ; 1♂, 20.ix.–10. x.2007, Lideč , ecol. agric., Festuca pratensis   [49°29’00’’N 17°50’18’’E], 459 m, emergence trap, leg. J. Frydrych, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 5♂♂, 16.–20.vi.2008, Vráž nr. Písek , damp meadow [49°24’12’’N 14°7’13’’E], 430 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 20.–26.vi.2008, Vráž nr. Písek , meadow and wood [49°24’01’’N 14°07’02’’E], 400 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 1.viii.–7.ix.2007, Zubří-Kučoviska [49°28’09’’N 18°04’48’’E], 363 m, emergence trap, yellow oatgrass, leg. J. Frydrych, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 25.vi.–28.vii.2009, Zubří , Festuca rubra   [49°28’00’’N 18°04’42’’E], 358 m, emergence trap, leg. J. Frydrych, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 26.v.–25.vi.2009, dito; 1♂, 28.iv.–27.v.2010, dito; 1♂, 28.vii.–17.viii ..2009, Zubří , grass plot [49°27’47.0’’N 18°04’53.5’’E], 351 m, emergence trap, leg. J. Frydrych, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; ITALY: 1♂, 3.viii.1988, Amatrice , 5km S, pine wood near pasture [42.39°N 13.20°E], 1700 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 5.vii.2011, Passo Nigra , meadow and wood [46°26’39’’N 11°35’18’’E], 1700 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 2♂♂, 4.vii.2011, Weisslahnbad , edge of forest [46°28’40’’N 11°34’11’’E], 1400 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; RUSSIA: 1♂, 23.v.1987, Moscow, Orechovo [55.48°N 37.45°E], sweeping, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; SLOVAKIA: 1♂, 23.viii.2002, Nizké Tatry Mountains [7083], alpine zone between Dereše Mountain and Ďumbier Mt., 1700–2000 m, leg. J. Farkač, K. Farkačová, V. Zedek, coll. CULSP   ; 2♂♂, 28.viii.2002, dito; UKRAINE: 1♂, 31.v.1990, Chersonskaja , leg. Zrazhevsky, coll. CULSP   .

Diagnosis: Stuke & Bächli (2015).

These are the first records of M. flavifacies   for Bulgaria and Ukraine.

Meoneura flavifrons   PAPP, 1981

Material: ANDORRA: 2♂♂, 8.vii.1990, Pto. de Envalira , along brook [42.34°N 1.41°E], 1600 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 8.vii.1990, Pto. de Envalira , subalpine meadow [42.32°N 1.43°E], 2200 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; AUSTRIA: 1♂, 11.viii.1988, Hainfeld environment, meadow and mixed forest [48.03°N 15.45°E], leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 31.vii.1988, Heiligenblut [47.00°N 12.46°E], 1700 m, on Compositae, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 2♂♂, 6.viii.1995, Niedere Tauern , Sölker Pass [47.16°N 14.04°E], 1900 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; BULGARIA: 3♂♂, 10.viii.2005, Pirin , Begovica, 17.1 km nw from Sandanski [41°40’09’’N 23°25’33’’E], 1760 m, leg. J. Fechtner, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 27.vi.2016, Pirin , Vikhren hut, alpine meadow [41°45’22’’N 23°24’55’’E], 2000 m, leg. M. Barták & Š. Kubík, coll. PJHS GoogleMaps   ; FRANCE: 7♂♂, 12.vii.1990, Montgenevre , spruce wood [44.56°N 6.43°E], 1800 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 9.vii.1990, Pic Long , alpine meadow [42.49°N 0.09°E], 2200 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; ITALY: 1♂, 8.viii.1990, Passo Sella , forest boundary [46.26°N 11.46°E], 1900 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis: Stuke & Bächli (2015).

M. flavifrons   has not been recorded from Andorra, Bulgaria, and France before.

Meoneura freta   COLLIN, 1937

Material: BULGARIA: 2♂♂, 17.vii.1987, Kiten , oak wood and pig farm [42.14°N 27.48°E], leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; CZECH REPUBLIC: 1♂, 15.–22.v.2012, Praha, Troja [50°07’15’’N 14°23’53’’E], 184 m, emergence trap baited with pig carcas, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 30.vi.–7.vii.2015, Praha, Troja [50°07’15’’N 14°23’53’’E], 184 m, emergence trap baited with pig carcas, exposed 9.xii.2014, leg. M. Barták, coll. PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 3.–11.viii.2015, dito; 1♂, 1.–7.viii.2012, Praha, Troja [50°07’15’’N 14°23’53’’E], 184 m, emergence trap baited with pig carcas, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 22.–29.v.2012, dito; 1♂, 19.v.–17.vi.2009, Žabčice , alfalfa [49°1’26’’N 16°36’51.5’’E], 179 m, leg. J. Rotrekl, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; TURKEY: 1♂, 30.vi.2015, 4 km n of Yatagan [37°22’12’N 28°09’22’’E], 400 m, on flowers, leg. M. Barták & Š. Kubik, coll. CULSP   .

Diagnosis: Collin (1937).

This is a first record for Bulgaria of M. freta   .

Meoneura glaberrima   BECKER, 1907

Material: ANDORRA: 1♂, 8.vii.1990, Pto. de Envalira , along brook [42.34°N 1.41°E], 1600 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; BULGARIA: 5♂♂, 15.vii.1987, Georgi Trajkov , edge of oak wood [43.00°N 27.48°E], leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 16.vii.1987, Irakli , damp meadow [42.47°N 27.54°E], leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 20.vi.2016, Rhodopes , 25 km ssw of Plovdiv, meadow [41°56’05’N 24°40’45’’E], 1590 m, leg. M. Barták & Š. Kubik, coll. CULSP   ; 1 ♂, 21.vii.1987, Sliven, 15 km N, pasture [42.50°N 26.15°E], leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; ITALY: 9♂♂, 3.viii.1988, Amatrice , 5 km S, pine wood near pasture [42.39°N 13.20°E], 1700 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 12.vii.1990, Cesana Torinese , mixed wood [44.57°N 6.47°E], 1000 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; SPAIN: 1♂, 6.vii.1990, Figueres , vegetation [41.21°N 01.56°E], leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 3♂♂, 15.viii.2006, Sierra Nevada, Trevelez near river [37°00’09’’N 03°15’43’’E], 1440 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; TURKEY: 1♂, 17.–22.v.2011, Muğla, University campus, 700 m [37°09’42’’N 28°22’21’’E], 700 m, pan trap +sweeping, leg. M. Barták & Š. Kubik, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; UZBEKISTAN: 11♂♂, 18.v.1989, Chimgan , alpine meadow [41.38°N 70.06°E], 1800 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 18.v.1989, Chimgan , damp meadow [41.37°N 70.00°E], 800 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 20.v.1989, Chinaz along Syrdarya river [40.53°N 68.43°E], leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 3♂♂, 18.v.1989, Karamazar , alpine meadow [41.30°N 69.49°E], 800 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 22.v.1989, Samarkand , 2 km E, pasture [39.39°N 67.01°E], leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis: Collin (1930).

These are the first records of M. glaberrima   for Andorra, Italy and Uzbekistan.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Carnidae

Genus

Meoneura