Noctiliostrebla aitkeni Wenzel, 1966

Alcantara, Daniel Maximo Correa, Graciolli, Gustavo & Nihei, Silvio S., 2019, Revision of Noctiliostrebla (Diptera: Streblidae), parasites of bulldog bats (Chiroptera: Noctilionidae: Noctilio), Zootaxa 4560 (3), pp. 483-521: 500-502

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4560.3.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:93B6CEE9-82DF-4600-B0A4-F281A6E44DEE

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3860432

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F987A5-4374-0E0A-32DD-FDB3FEB8FD17

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Noctiliostrebla aitkeni Wenzel, 1966
status

 

Noctiliostrebla aitkeni Wenzel, 1966  

( Figs 7 View FIGURE 7 , 15D View FIGURE 15 )

Noctiliostrebla aitkeni Wenzel in Wenzel et al., 1966: 567   –569 (description of ♂ and ♀, figs 108a–c). Holotype ♂ (FMNH). Type locality: Trinidad, Manzanilla. Host: Noctilio leporinus   [as N. leporinus leporinus   ]. Other references: Wenzel (1970: 11; catalog); Wenzel (1976: 116–117; figs 46a–c; comments and list of examined material); Guerrero (1995: 148; diagnosis); Guerrero (1997: 11; catalog); Dick & Miller (2010: 1253; fig. 18); Dick et al. (2016: 792 View Cited Treatment ; catalog).

Aspidoptera megastigma: Jobling (1949: 140–142; figs 3a–c; redescription, misidentification)   ; Goodwin & Greenhall (1961: 220–221; notes, misidentification).

Diagnosis. The female has a characteristic longitudinal sideband of setae, with 2–3 rows of setae longer and thicker than those on the median dorsal connexivum and placed on the inner side of spiracle IV–VII. Sternite VII of females is less than twice the length of the epiproct, a character state that separates N. aitkeni   from other Noctiliostrebla species parasitizing Noctilio leporinus   . The male is very similar to N. guerreroi   sp. n., N. lamasi   sp. n., N. morena   sp. n. and N. caissara   sp. n., but sternite VI and the gonopod with a subacuminate apex separate it from these species of Noctiliostrebla  .

Redescription. Measurements (mm, n=25, 11 ♂♂, 14 ♀♀). HFL: ♂ 0.44 (0.41–0.46), ♀ 0.51 (0.49–0.53); SL: ♂ 0.50 (0.43–0.53), ♀ 0.57 (0.53–0.60); TL: ♂ 0.46 (0.39–0.48), ♀ 0.51 (0.47–0.55); WL: ♂ 0.29 (0.26–0.32), ♀ 0.33 (0.30–0.37); WW: ♂ 0.16 (0.15–0.18), ♀ 0.19 (0.16–0.21).

Thorax. Mesepimeron with 1–2 setae on each side. Wing with 0–3 setae on median vein. Metasternum ( Fig. 7B View FIGURE 7 ) like in N. maai   .

Female abdomen. Syntergite I+II ( Fig. 7A View FIGURE 7 ) like in N. maai   , except 19–30 setae on each plate of lateral lobe. Dorsal connexivum ( Fig. 7A View FIGURE 7 ) resembles N. maai   , except as follows: setae of cluster of setae around spiracle III uniform in size, with setae anterior to spiracle III as long as setae posterior to spiracle III, and longest setae shorter than but longer than half the length of longest setae on syntergite I+II; longitudinal sideband similar to that of N. maai   , but setae 1/3 the length of longest setae on cluster of setae around spiracle III and at most twice as long as setae on median dorsal connexivum; lateral and median pairs of setae between each spiracle VI similar to those in N. traubi   . Tergite VII ( Fig. 7A, C View FIGURE 7 ) like in N. maai   , except as follows: posterior margin moderately to strongly inclined; 3–6 setae on each plate. Sternite II ( Fig. 7B View FIGURE 7 ) like in N. maai   , except longest lateral setae twice as long as shortest median setae on posterior margin. Sternite VII with 8–12 setae on each plate. Epiproct ( Fig. 7A, C View FIGURE 7 ) like in N. maai   .

Male abdomen. Syntergite I+II like in N. maai   , except 26–38 setae on each plate of lateral lobe. Ventral connexivum like in N. dubia   . Sternite II ( Fig. 7D View FIGURE 7 ) like in N. maai   , except longest lateral setae twice as long as shortest median setae on posterior margin. Hypopygium ( Fig. 7E View FIGURE 7 ) with setae on ventral margin like in N. dubia   ; sternite VI moderately to strongly curved, at most twice as long as cercus, apical margin irregular and wider than but not twice as wide as cercus. Genitalia ( Fig. 7 View FIGURE 7 F–H) as in N. maai   , except as follows: gonopod strongly curved before distal macrosetae but not as in N. traubi   , distal half wider than in N. maai   , with distance between distal setae and apex of gonopod more than 1.5 times and less than twice distance between distal setae and dorsal margin of gonopod; dorsal margin flat with subparallel margins, and subacuminate at apex.

Distribution. Brazil (Amapá, Ceará), Ecuador, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela ( Fig. 15D View FIGURE 15 ).

Host. Noctilio leporinus   .

Type material examined. HOLOTYPE ♂: Trinidad : “FIELD MUSEUM OF NAT. HIST. / TRINIDAD: Manzilla / in hollow mangrove / tree / 13 March 1957 / T.H.G. Aitken leg. / HOLOTYPE [♂] / Noctiliostrebla aitkeni   / Wenzel”, ““ Ectoparasites of Panama ” / Page 569 / Host: Noctilio leporinus   ”, on slide ( FMNH)   . PARATYPE (1 ♀): Trinidad: same data as holotype ( FMNH)   .

Additional material examined. Brazil: 6 ♂♂, 11 ♀♀, state of Amapá, Macapá, Parque Nacional Montanhas do Tumucumaque , 2°11’36”N, 54°35’15”W, 11.i.2005, A.C.M. Martins leg., on N. leporinus   ( ZUFMS) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀, state of Ceará, Crateús, Reserva de Serra das Almas , 40 o 50’S, 0 5 o 05’W, 28.i.2013, J.C. Almeida leg., on N. leporinus   ( MZSP) GoogleMaps   . Ecuador: 1 ♂, Pastaza, Villano B camp, (owned by AGIP), Lliquino river , 1500m, 1°27’10”S, 77°26’32”W, 22.i.2008, on N. leporinus   ( FMNH) GoogleMaps   ; 3 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀, same data as previous except 30.i.2008 ( FMNH) GoogleMaps   . Venezuela: 4 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀, Bolívar, Supamo river , 50km SE El Manteco, 150m, premontane humid forest, 10/iv/ 1966, A. L. Tuttle & M.D. Tuttle leg., on N. leporinus   ( FMNH)   ; 4 ♂♂, 6 ♀♀, same data as previous except 8.iv.1966 ( FMNH)   ; 4 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀, Amazonas, Boca Mavaca, 84km SSE Esmeralda, 7km up Mavaca river , 138m, tropical rainforest, 1.iii.1967, M. D. Tuttle & F.L. Harder leg., on N. leporinus   ( FMNH)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same data as previous except 20.iii.1967 ( FMNH)   .

Remarks about the paratypes of Noctiliostrebla aitkeni   from Peru. We examined two paratypes of Noctiliostrebla aitkeni   from Peru: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Loreto, Maynas, Yauri-Mirin river, Quebrada Esperanza, 23.ix.1957, C. Kalinowski leg., on N. leporinus   (MZSP). We conclude that they belong to N. lamasi   sp. n., based on the presence of a cluster of setae around spiracle III of the female, and on the shape of sternite VI of the male.

Other remarks. Wenzel et al. (1966) examined the specimen of N. aitkeni   upon which Jobling (1949) based his illustration of Aspidoptera megastigma   , and which is deposited in NHMUK. Wenzel mentioned some differences between Jobling’s illustration and the specimen examined by him. He concluded that A. megastigma sensu Jobling   is in fact N. aitkeni   . Indeed, the illustration provided by Jobling shows no resemblance to N. dubia   , and the redescription presented by Jobling (1949) does not refer to any relevant features. In other publications, Jobling (1929, 1936, 1951) made reference to Aspidoptera megastigma   by means of illustrations and descriptions of features, which are clearly consistent with Noctiliostrebla  , yet do not allow the determination of the species. The diagnosis of N. aitkeni   provided by Guerrero (1995) includes the diagnostic features of both the male and the female sex.

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Streblidae

Genus

Noctiliostrebla

Loc

Noctiliostrebla aitkeni Wenzel, 1966

Alcantara, Daniel Maximo Correa, Graciolli, Gustavo & Nihei, Silvio S. 2019
2019
Loc

Noctiliostrebla aitkeni Wenzel in Wenzel et al., 1966 : 567

Dick, C. W. & Graciolli, G. & Guerrero, R. 2016: 792
Dick, C. W. & Miller, J. A. 2010: 1253
Wenzel, R. L. & Tipton, V. J. & Kiewlicz, A. 1966: 567
1966