Leptomantispa hispaniolaensis Hoffman, 2017

Hoffman, Kevin M., Oliver S. Flint, Jr. & Perez-Gelabert, Daniel E., 2017, The Mantispidae of the West Indies with special reference to the Dominican Republic (Neuroptera: Mantispidae), Insecta Mundi 2017 (559), pp. 1-15: 8-10

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Leptomantispa hispaniolaensis Hoffman

new species

Leptomantispa hispaniolaensis Hoffman   , new species

( Fig. 5 View Figures 4-6 , 12–15 View Figures 7-15 )

Diagnosis. The male of this species is easily distinguished from L. antillesensis   by the ectoproct in dorsal view. In L. hispaniolaensis   , the dorsolateral lobe is barely rounded laterally and it extends posteriad only as far as the base of the ventromedial lobe. In coloration it differs from its Antillean congeners by: having the face with a mesal, vertical stripe extending from between the antennae to and across the labrum; by the antennal flagellomeres colored dark brown for the basal half, then the next quarter pale yellow and the terminal quarter dark brown; by the pale brown pronotum, that is darker laterally with a short antero-and posteromesal longitudinal dark stripe, rarely with a thin mesal stripe extending part way between them; by the yellow mesonotum with a sharply defined, very dark brown, narrowly V-shaped, mesal mark, open anteriad, continued as a dark mesal macula on the scutellum; by having metanotum and scutellum yellow with a very dark brown mesal stripe; meso- and metanota with irregularly darker bands sublaterally; all marks varying only slightly.

Male coloration. Head pale yellow, vertex dark reddish-brown except along ocular margins, paired longitudinally-ovoid yellow spots near midline posteriorly, paired transversally-elliptical smaller yellow spots anterior of larger ones, wide dark reddish-brown stripe along midline from antennae and onto labrum; mandibles pale yellow with apex reddish-brown, other mouthparts yellow-brown; antenna with scape yellow with reddish-brown spot posterodistally, brown posterodistally, pedicel pale yellow anteriorly, light brown posteriorly, flagellum with basal 12 flagellomeres brown, next six yellow, and distal five brown; eyes metallic purple. Prothorax with pronotum yellow-brown dorsally, brown ventrally, short brown stripe along midline from anterodorsal margin and not reaching maculae, maculae brown, diffuse brown stripe along midline dorsally from two-thirds length to posterior margin, posterodorsal membrane yellow anteriorly, brown posteriorly, posteroventral membrane brown with midline yellow; pleural sclerites brown, sternum light brown, membrane yellow; leg with coxa dull yellow, trochanter yellow-brown, femur reddish-brown anterolaterally, dull yellow basally, dark reddish-brown medially at base of major spine, pale yellow posterolaterally, reddish-brown dorsally, at third length, and at apex, spines light orange, tibia light brown with distal fourth yellow posterolaterally, tarsus light brown. Pterothorax with nota dark brown, wing bases yellow, longitudinal yellow stripes at one-third width on either side, stripes thinner on metanotum; pleura yellow, somewhat speckled with brown, anterior membrane dark brown with yellow spot medially, mesopreepisternum dark brown; legs each with coxa yellow-brown, remainder of legs pale yellow; forewing membrane hyaline, pterostigma with basal third yellow, remainder red, 1AP with asperous region brown, most veins brown, C, posterior wing margin, RA basad of pterostigma dorsally, most of CuA, AA, and AP1 basally dull yellow; hindwing similar to forewing, MP yellow at base, CuA entirely brown. Abdomen with tergites yellow, midline dark brown and widened posteriorly on each segment, ectoprocts dark brown; pleura dark brown, yellow medially; sternites yellow, lateral margins dark brown, sternite IX dark brown.

Female coloration. Same as for male, except for the following. Prothorax with sternum light brown; pterothorax with pleura brown with yellow at anterior and posterior margins; legs each with coxa brown.

Thoracic morphology. Pronotum 5.5 times as long as width at maculae in dorsal view; pterothoracic scutella with two pores total on each side, tarsal claws with four teeth each, male with both wings collectively on each side with combined 10 veins leaving RP posteriorly, forewing length male 6.7 – 10 mm.

Male pregenital abdominal apparatus. Tergites III–IV each with paired patches of 14–16 small circular pores total in one irregular transverse row on posterior margin on each side, rows somewhat angled anteriorly near midline, tergites IV–V each with paired patches of 23–28 small circular pores in two transverse rows on each side anterolaterally, rows on each side meeting near midline, pores with small conical collars internally, tergites V–VI with intersegmental membrane invaginated into singlelobed pocket extending anteriorly two-fifths length of tergite V, tergite V 2.2 times as long as VI.

Male terminalia. Ectoprocts each ovoid in dorsal view ( Fig. 14 View Figures 7-15 ), posterolateral lobe barely convex and extending posteriad only to base of ventromedial lobe, apex rounded, sclerotized ventrad of ventromedial lobe, ventromedial lobe slightly flattened dorsoventrally, rounded posteriorly, abruptly truncate along inner margin, with 20–25 short thickened setae over entire surface; tergite IX with anterior surface concave near anteroventral corner, sternite IX pentagonal in ventral view, posterior margin broadly rounded medially; gonarcus with median lobe projecting from dorsal surface, flattened anteroposteriorly, wider basally than apically, slightly longer than wide, apex rounded; gonocoxites at two-thirds length each widened to three times width at base in lateral view ( Fig. 13 View Figures 7-15 ), narrowed apically to a point; mediuncus with anterior two-fifths ovoid in lateral view, three times as high as remainder, apex shallowly concave in posterior view; pseudopenal membrane rectangular in posterior view ( Fig. 12 View Figures 7-15 ), 2.5 times as long as wide, covered with golden dorsally-projecting microspines; hypomeres present as paired, small, circular sclerites; pseudopenis sclerotized, spinelike in posterior view, as long as pseudopenal membrane and as gonarcal median lobe, slightly narrowed at base anteriorly in lateral view, slightly curved anteriorly, apex anteroposteriorly flattened, rounded in posterior view.

Female terminalia. Ectoprocts as long as to slightly longer than gonocoxites; sternite VIII strongly curved posteriorly, slightly longer medially than laterally, medial fifth with posterior margin shallowly concave; bursa with entrance lightly sclerotized, remainder membranous to lightly sclerotized; spermatheca broken and incomplete in the one specimen examined.

Size. Length of forewing: male 6.7 – 10mm, female 7.5mm.

Biology. The holotype was collected in May and the paratype series in March and July. The locality for most of the paratypes is in the lower elevations (about 300 meters) of Sierra Martin Garcia in the southern portion of Azua Province. The vegetation was a transitional mix to more montane and wet conditions and the whole forest was in rather good state of preservation.


Etymology. Named for the island of Hispaniola, which is the only location where this species has been collected.

Type material. Holotype male ( FSCA)   . Holotype label data: “ R. DOMINICANA, / 14 KM W PUERTO PLATA / MAY 10-11, 1985 / E. GIESBERT, COLL.”, “ ‘Mantispilla’ / sp. ♂ / det L. Stange ‘85” [folded over], “ HOLOTYPE ♂ / Leptomantispa hispaniolaensis   / Hoffman / det: K. M. Hoffman 1991”. Condition of holotype: color excellent, both flagella absent, right protarsomeres IV-V absent, right metatarsomeres III-V absent, left metatarsal claws absent; wings unspread, forewing length 8.7 mm; abdomen detached, cleared, in glycerin-filled microvial attached to specimen’s pin beneath labels. This locality would be in the Province of Puerto Plata   .

Paratypes. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Azua Prov., La Furnia, Barreras , 18°19.289’N, 70°54.755’W, 18.vii.2003, D. Perez, R. Bastardo, B. Hierro, (night), RD-156, 16♂, 1♀ ( NMNH, MNHNSD) GoogleMaps   ; Bahoruco

Prov., Sierra de Neiba, RD-103, Rd to Majagual, 669 m, 18°32.340’N, 71°18.118’W, 25.iii.2003, D. Perez, R. Bastardo, & B. Hierro, (n), 1♀ ( NMNH).


Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology


Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile


Kotel'nich Museum


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Santo Domingo