Pheropsophus tripustulatus,

Venugopal, Akhil S. & Thomas, Sabu K., 2019, Bombardier beetles of the genus Pheropsophus Solier 1833 (Carabidae: Brachininae: Brachinini) from Indian subcontinent, Zootaxa 4608 (1), pp. 65-89: 83

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4608.1.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3540218C-34FA-4D91-925A-3E89C6C3A7C1

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4335067

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FB8782-FFEA-774C-4AFE-FE1C34B2F8DA

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Pheropsophus tripustulatus
status

 

Pheropsophus tripustulatus  ( FABRICIUS, 1792)

( Fig. 3 IView FIGURE 3, 5 HView FIGURE 5)

= Brachinus marginalis DEJEAN, 1825 

= Pheropsophus amoenus CHAUDOIR, 1850 

Ssp. Pheropsophus tripustulatus annulus  FABRICIUS, 1801

Ssp. Pheropsophus tripustulatus curtus ARROW, 1901 

Carabus tripustulatus Fabricius, 1792: 145  ; 1801: 218; Hope, 1838: 101; Motschulsky, 1855: 55; Andrewes, 1919: 124; 1921a: 155–159; 1921b: 346; 1924c: 592; 1930: 276.

Brachinus marginalis Dejean, 1825: 310  ; Heyne-Tasch, 1908: 14; Andrewes, 1921a: 149; 1930: 276.

Pheropsophus amoenus Chaudoir, 1850: 78  ; 1876: 36; Andrewes, 1930: 276.

Ssp. Pheropsophus tripustulatus annulus  (described as Brachinus  ) Fabricius, 1801: 217; Motschulsky, 1855: 55; Chaudoir, 1876: 47; Andrewes, 1921a: 164; 1930: 276.

Ssp. Pheropsophus tripustulatus curtus Arrow, 1901: 204  ; Andrewes, 1919: 198; 1930: 276.

Specimens examined (n=9): Verified specimen (H.E. Andrewes), labelled “ Pheropsophus  3-pustulatus F.: marginalis  D.: amoenus  C., compared with 3 types, H.E.A. Ex-Musaeo A. Kuwpert 1894, Ex. coll. R. Oberthur (Dejean’s type has less yellow at apex HEA)” (locality unknown), in BMNH  .

Other specimens examined: 1 ex., locality: unknown, in ZMUK (wrongly labelled as P. hilaris  )  ; 6 exs., India: Kerala: Palakkad, Hand picking, 26.XI.2017, coll. M.Divya  ; 1 ex., India: Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore ( TNAU)  .

Description. Length: 13.0 mm; TW: 5.6 mm

Colour: Head reddish yellow with a large blackish brown spot between the eyes; clypeus and labrum reddish yellow; antennae pale yellow-red; pronotum blackish brown with a large oblong yellow spot on each side along the outer edge; elytra black with humeral spot yellow, having a small posterior projection; yellow lateral margin; striations yellow towards apex; yellow apical band with a yellow spot in the middle; reddish yellow legs, apex of femur without black spot.

Head: Short, stout; protruding, prominent eyes; neck wrinkled.

Pronotum: Disc laterally with anterior 2/3 rd rounded, posterior 1/3 rd straight; anterior margin rounded, concave, posterior margin sinuate; disc with many deep punctuations; median furrow prominent.

Elytra: Subparallel, rectangular, base not narrowed; humeral spot large; striations wide, blunt towards apex.

Geographical distribution. INDIA: Odisha: Barkuda Is. (Lake Chilka) ( Andrewes 1930); Tamil Nadu: Ennur, Chennai ( Andrewes 1930); Pondicherry ( Andrewes 1930); Kerala: Travancore ( Andrewes 1930); THAILAND ( Andrewes 1919).

Ssp. Pheropsophus tripustulatus annulus  – INDIA: Tamil Nadu: Tharangambadi ( Chaudoir 1876).

Ssp. Pheropsophus tripustulatus curtus  – INDIA: Karnataka: North Kanara ( Andrewes 1921b); Kerala: Mahe, Malabar ( Andrewes 1921b), Nilambur (New record).

Remarks. Similar to P. bimaculatus  , but differs with narrow yellow spot on pronotum, large black spot on head, large elytral humeral spot with posterior projection, small, narrow elytral median band and yellow spot on elytral apical band on each elytron.

TNAU

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Carabidae

Genus

Pheropsophus

Loc

Pheropsophus tripustulatus

Venugopal, Akhil S. & Thomas, Sabu K. 2019
2019
Loc

Pheropsophus amoenus Chaudoir, 1850: 78

Andrewes, H. E. 1930: 276
Chaudoir, M. 1876: 36
Chaudoir, M. 1850: 78
1850
Loc

Brachinus marginalis Dejean, 1825: 310

Andrewes, H. E. 1930: 276
Andrewes, H. E. 1921: 149
Dejean, P. F. M. A. 1825: 310
1825
Loc

Carabus tripustulatus

Andrewes, H. E. 1930: 276
Andrewes, H. E. 1924: 592
Andrewes, H. E. 1921: 155
Andrewes, H. E. 1921: 346
Andrewes, H. E. 1919: 124
Motschulsky, V. von 1855: 55
Hope, F. W. 1838: 101
Fabricius, J. C. 1801: 218
Fabricius, J. C. 1792: 145
1792