Pheropsophus occipitalis,

Venugopal, Akhil S. & Thomas, Sabu K., 2019, Bombardier beetles of the genus Pheropsophus Solier 1833 (Carabidae: Brachininae: Brachinini) from Indian subcontinent, Zootaxa 4608 (1), pp. 65-89: 78-79

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4608.1.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3540218C-34FA-4D91-925A-3E89C6C3A7C1

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4335095

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FB8782-FFF5-7750-4AFE-FC79374CFF9C

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Pheropsophus occipitalis
status

 

Pheropsophus occipitalis  (W.S. MACLEAY, 1825)

( Fig. 2 EView FIGURE 2, 5 EView FIGURE 5)

= Brachinus ambiguus DEJEAN, 1825 

= Brachinus fuscicollis DEJEAN, 1825 

= Brachinus interruptus DEJEAN, 1825 

= Pheropsophus quadripustulatus CHAUDOIR, 1843 

Aptinus occipitalis Macleay, 1825: 28  ; Chaudoir, 1876: 42; Arrow, 1901: 204; Andrewes, 1919: 168; 1930: 274; Jedlička, 1963: 532; Habu, 1984: 122; Saha et al., 1992: 50.

Brachinus ambiguus Dejean, 1825: 304  ; Chaudoir, 1876: 37; Bates, 1892b: 391; Heyne-Tasch, 1908: 14; Andrewes, 1930: 275; Jedlička, 1963: 533.

Brachinus fuscicollis Dejean, 1825: 306  ; Putzeys, 1875: 45; Chaudoir, 1876: 37; Bates, 1886: 200; 1892b: 391; Bouchard, 1903: 173; Andrewes, 1930: 275.

Brachinus interruptus Dejean, 1825: 306  ; Chaudoir, 1876: 37; Andrewes, 1930: 275.

Pheropsophus quadripustulatus Chaudoir, 1843: 706  ; 1876: 37; Andrewes, 1930: 275.

Specimens examined (n=22): 1 ex. “ China, 11.VIII.1973, Yu.P,” in BMNH  ; 3 exs., India: Coimbatore: TNAU  ; 7 exs., India: Kerala: Nilambur: Nedumkayam, Hand picking, 28.II.2016, coll. S.V. Akhil  ; 8 exs., India: Kerala: Kalpetta , Pitfall, 13.IX.2017, coll. K. Ashly  ; 3 exs., India: Kerala: Malampuzha , Pitfall, 27.XI.2017, coll. M. Divya 

Description. Length: 15.0–19.0 mm

Colour: Head yellow with black spots on vertex, anterior and posterior black spot connected by middle narrow black line; antennal segment 1–2 reddish yellow and rest reddish brown; pronotum dark black, with two lateral yellow spots, in dumbbell shaped black background; elytra black with humeral spots; legs reddish yellow with hind femur with black spot on apex.

Head: Eyes protruding; pronounced wrinkles on neck.

Pronotum: Glabrous, smooth, shiny; anterior margin curved inwards; disc laterally with anterior margin convex, narrow posteriorly with posterior 1/3 rd of lateral margin diverging rather than parallel; posterior margin straight.

Elytra: Subparallel rather than convex, narrowed toward base; humeral spot large, extending somewhat posteriorly; median band narrow; lateral edge with yellow margin starting from the humeral spot and joins the prominent yellow apical band; disc matt and finely pubescent; narrow, deep striations with wider intervals.

Geographical distribution. INDIA: Manipur; Assam; Mizoram-Tripura: Lushai Hills; Bengal: Kolkata ( Saha et al. 1992); Bihar; Odisha; Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore (New record); Kerala: Malampuzha (New record), Nilambur (New record), Thamarassery (New record), Kalpetta (New record); Andaman Is ( Andrewes 1930); SRI LANKA ( Andrewes 1919); MYANMAR ( Andrewes 1919); MALAYSIA ( Andrewes 1930); INDONESIA: Java, Borneo ( Macleay 1825); Malay Peninsula and Archipelago ( Andrewes 1919); CHINA ( Habu 1984); HONG KONG ( Andrewes 1930); TAIWAN ( Andrewes 1930); JAPAN ( Habu 1984).

Remarks. Very similar to P. bimaculatus  but differs by the presence of three spots (anterior and posterior rounded, middle spot narrow connecting the two) on vertex, pronotum with larger spots reaching the lateral margin and narrow median transverse band.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Carabidae

Genus

Pheropsophus

Loc

Pheropsophus occipitalis

Venugopal, Akhil S. & Thomas, Sabu K. 2019
2019
Loc

Pheropsophus quadripustulatus Chaudoir, 1843: 706

Andrewes, H. E. 1930: 275
Chaudoir, M. 1876: 37
Chaudoir, M. 1843: 706
1843
Loc

Aptinus occipitalis

Saha, S. K. & Mukherjee, A. K. & Sengupta, T. 1992: 50
Habu, A. 1984: 122
Jedlicka, A. 1963: 532
Andrewes, H. E. 1930: 274
Andrewes, H. E. 1919: 168
Arrow, G. J. 1901: 204
Chaudoir, M. 1876: 42
Macleay, W. S. 1825: 28
1825
Loc

Brachinus ambiguus Dejean, 1825: 304

Jedlicka, A. 1963: 533
Andrewes, H. E. 1930: 275
Bates, H. W. 1892: 391
Chaudoir, M. 1876: 37
Dejean, P. F. M. A. 1825: 304
1825
Loc

Brachinus fuscicollis Dejean, 1825: 306

Andrewes, H. E. 1930: 275
Bouchard, J. 1903: 173
Bates, H. W. 1892: 391
Bates, H. W. 1886: 200
Chaudoir, M. 1876: 37
Putzeys, J. A. A. H. 1875: 45
Dejean, P. F. M. A. 1825: 306
1825
Loc

Brachinus interruptus Dejean, 1825: 306

Andrewes, H. E. 1930: 275
Chaudoir, M. 1876: 37
Dejean, P. F. M. A. 1825: 306
1825