Cosmina Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830: 423

Kurahashi, Hiromu & Kirk-Spriggs, Ashley H., 2006, The Calliphoridae of Namibia (Diptera: Oestroidea), Zootaxa 1322 (1), pp. 1-131 : 84-86

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.1322.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C54E8D07-81A3-40F0-8891-A990241AAA13

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FB8903-F831-FFA7-FEBB-FDF96045FB99

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Cosmina Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830: 423
status

 

Genus: Cosmina Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830: 423 .

TYPE SPECIES: Cosmina fuscipennis Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830 , by designation of Townsend (1916: 6).

NOTES: Cosmina occurs in the Afrotropical and Palaearctic Regions (Zumpt 1958a: 74). Biology and immature stages of species of the genus remain unknown; although adults have been frequently observed on flowers in Namibia. The genus is not mentioned by Ferrar (1987).

Cosmina fuscipennis Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830: 423 .

= punctulata (Wiedemann, 1819: 21) ( Musca ).

Fig. 89 View FIGURES 87–92 .

TYPE LOCALITY: South Africa .

DISTRIBUTION: Widespread East Africa to southern Africa: Botswana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia * and South Africa (Cape, Transvaal).

MATERIAL: (labeled as C. fuscipennis ) 1♂, Skorpion Hill(1), 9–12.viii.1997, Marais & Kirk­ Spriggs(1) ( MT); (labeled as C. punctulata ) 1♂, Otjitembi 25, 14–15.ii.1972, [SMStaff], H6634; 7♀, Swartkop, 14–29.ix.1994, Marais ( PT); 1♂, Skorpion Hill(1), 9–12.viii.1997, Marais & Kirk­Spriggs(1) ( MT).

NOTES: Biology, life history and immature stages unknown. In Namibia hand­collected and in Malaise traps. North­west Namibia in the ‘arid’ savanna biome and southern Namibia in the succulent karoo biome ( Fig. 89 View FIGURES 87–92 ). Recorded in February, August and September; most abundantly in September (vide Table 2).

Cosmina gracilis Curran, 1927 a: 2.

Fig. 90 View FIGURES 87–92 .

TYPE LOCALITY: South Africa .

DISTRIBUTION: Southern Africa: Angola *, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa (Natal, Transvaal) and Zimbabwe *.

KNOWN RECORDS: Windhoek, SE2218Ca, 3.xi.1974, M. Irwin; Gobabeb [23°55'S, 15°03'E], 2.iii.1971 (NMSA).

MATERIAL: 3♀, Arnhem 222(1), 16.ii.1971, [SMStaff], H1837 ; 1♂, 1♀, Aigamas 471, 1–2.xi.1985, Irish (1), H64489 View Materials ; 3♀, Tsumkwe , 8–17.xi.1985, Rust (2), H64741 View Materials ; 2♀, Nau­Obes , 17.i.1987, Irish (1) & Marais ; 1♂, 1♀, Zaris 103, 9.ii–23.iii.1996, Marais ( PT) ; 1♂, 3♀, Kongola , 26 km W, 30.x–5.xi.1987, Marais ( PT) ; 1♀, Hereroland­West at(1): 29.ix–26.x.1991, Pusch ( PT) ; 4♀, same except: 25.xi–25.xii.1992; 3♀, same except: 18.i–25.ii.1992; 1♀, same except: 27.ix–26.x.1991; 2♀, same except: 26.x–25.xi.1991; 1♂, Bushmanland at(1): 8.i–1.ii.1991, Marais ( PT) ; 1♀, Omatako , 2 km W, 7.i.1991, Marais ; 1♀, Mudumu Mulapo , 29.xi.1991, Marais ; 2♀, Hamakari Süd 373(1), 20.xi.1991 – 18.i.1992, Pusch ( PT) ; 5♀, same except: 18.i–20.ii.1992; 1♂, 3♀, same except: 20.ii–25.iv.1992; 1♀, same except: 26.x–20.xi.1991; 1♂, 1♀, Bushmanland at(2): 8.i–1.ii.1990, Marais ( PT) ; 1♂, Kaudom Game Reserve at(2): 18–20.i.1991, Marais ; 4♂, 10♀, Nhoma River, 1 km E of, 28.xii.1998, Marais, Kirk­Spriggs (1) & Mann ( MT) ; 1♀, Aha Hills at(1): 21–25.xii.1998, Kirk­Spriggs (1), Marais & Mann ( MT) ; 2♂, 1♀, Xawasha pan, 2 km W, 26–27.xii.1998, Kirk­Spriggs (1), Marais & Mann ( MT) ; 1♀, Matende River, 20–21.i.1998, Marais & Kirk­Spriggs (1) ( MT) primary woodland; 1♂, 1♀, Katara , 1 km S of, 22–23.i.1998, Kirk­Spriggs (1) & Marais ( MT) primary forest; 1♂, Mile 46 Agric. Research Sta. , 21–24.iv.2001, Marais, Kasch & Vohland, Acacia dominated interdune ( MT) : BIOTA #01.101.01.7.04; 7♀, Mile 46, 25–27.iii.2003, Kirk­Spriggs (1) ( MT) ; 4♀, Varianto 771/2, 30.iii–1.iv.2003, Kirk­Spriggs (1) ( MT) ; 2♂, Kohoro Noord 185, 10.xi.1994 – 26.i.1995, Marais ( PT) ; 10♂, 1♀, Nama , 20–22.xii.1998, Kirk­Spriggs (1), Marais & Mann ( MT) ; 1♀, Oudam 354, 8.ii–23.iii.1996, Marais ( MT) ; 1♀, Edimba , 14–26.i.1993, Marais ( PT) ; 1♀, Etudilondjaba , 14–27.i.1993, Marais ( PT) ; 1♀, Enyana , 14–27.i.1993, Marais ( PT) ; 1♂, Okakarara area , 1.xii.1988 – 31.i.1989, Paxton ( PT) ; 1♂, Mudumu Game Reserve at(1): 25.xi–4.xii.1991, Marais ( PT) ; 1♂, 1♀, Katima Mulilo , 11–14.iv.1997, Marais ( BP) floodplain savanna; 1♀, same except: ( YP) ; 9♂, 7♀, Ekango , 25–26.ii.1995, Marais ; 1♀, E pukiro River, 3 km N at: 9–11.ii.2001, Kirk­Spriggs (1) & Marais ( MT) ; 1♀, Sovo / Mile 46 Camp (1), 21–24.iv.2001, Marais, Kasch & Vohland, hand­collected: BIOTA #02.100.01.7.11 ; 2♂, Mile 46 Agric. Research Sta. , 21–24.iv.2001, Marais, Kasch & Vohland, Acacia dominated interdune ( MT) : BIOTA #01.101.01.7.04; 2♂, 3♀, Duwisib 84, 28.i–1.iv.1995, Marais ( PT) ; 6♂, 5♀, Salambala campsite, 22–24.ii.2001, Kirk­Spriggs (1) & Marais ( MT) ; 2♀, same except: 1–4.iii.2001, Kirk­Spriggs (1) ( MT) ; 7♂, 7♀, Simataa: Salambala B6, 24–27.ii.2001, Marais & Kirk­Spriggs (1) ( PT) ; 1♂, 1♀, Salambala , 4 km NE of, 25.ii–1.iii.2001, Kirk­Spriggs (1) & Marais ( MT) ; 2♂, Dakota 424(1), 13–23.xii.1993, Pusch ( MT) ; 19♂, 8♀, Salambala forest , 23–29.xii.2002, Kirk­Spriggs (2) ( MT) ; 2♂, 6♀, Kuru , 3 km W, 9–28.i.1991, Marais ( PT) ; 8♂, 8♀, Sangwali , 25.xi–5.xii.1991, Marais ( PT) ; 5♂, 5♀, Chwaha River, 3 km NE at: 4–10.iv.1990, Marais ( PT) ; 1♂, 5♀, Leeupan , 12–30.i.1991, Marais ( PT) ; 11♂, 8♀, Kaudom Game Reserve at(3): 11–30.i.1991, Marais ( PT) ; 4♂, 3♀, Kaudom River at: 12–30.i.1991, Marais ( PT) ; 8♂, 6♀, Bushmanland at(2): 8.i–1.ii.1991, Marais ( PT) ; 26♂, 35♀, Arnhem 222(2), 5–6.xi.1993, Marais ; 7♂, 43♀, Aha Hills at(2): 9–28.i.1991, Marais ( PT) ; 8♂, 2♀, Kremetartkop , 22–23.xii.1998, Kirk­Spriggs (1), Marais & Mann ( MT) ; 2♂, 1♀, same except: light trap; 1♀, Eiseb River at: 18.xi–15.xii.1988, Paxton & Marais ( PT) ; 1♂, Northern vet. fence on Gam Road , 19.xi–15.xii.1988, Paxton & Marais ( PT) ; 41♂, 46♀, Northern vet. fence, 2 km S, 20.xi–16.xii.1988, Paxton & Marais ( PT) ; 4♂, 1♀, Tokat 343, 10.xi.1994, Marais ( PT) ; 19♂, 11♀, De Hoek 878, 3–6.ii.2001, Kirk­Spriggs (1) & Marais ( MT) ; 2♀, same except: ( LT) ; 106♂, 26♀, Okavarumendu 262, 10.xi.1994 – 26.i.1995, Marais ( PT) ; 5♂, 6♀, Masiye: Salamabala [sic – Salambala] B2, 28.ii–3.iii.2001, Kirk­Spriggs (1) ( PT) ; 3♂, same except: ( YP) ; 9♂, 1♀, Xawasha pan, 27.xii.1998, Kirk­Spriggs (1) ( MT) ; 7♂, 3♀, Somerkoms 521, 6–8.ii.2001, Kirk­Spriggs (1), Marais & Wheeler ( MT) ; 1♀, Toggenburg 591 campsite, 18–20.ii.2004, Kirk­ Spriggs (1) ( MT) ; 14♂, 16♀, Salambala campsite, 8–10.ii.2004, Kirk­Spriggs (1) ( HT) fruit; 1♂, 5♀, Erichsfelde 44, 20–22.iii.2003, Kirk­Spriggs (1) ( YP) open savanna; 1♀, Hamakari 285(1), 18.i–20.ii.1992, Pusch ( PT) ; 1♂, Garib­Ost 275, 13–20.xi.1988, Griffin (1) ( PT) .

NOTES: Biology, life history and immature stages unknown. In Namibia frequently observed feeding on flowering Solaniaceae and other families. Common in pitfall traps (probably due to the ground­dwelling habit of adults), hand­collected, in yellow and blue pans, and hanging traps baited with fermenting fruit, at UV­light and in Malaise traps. Principally in north­eastern Namibia (‘mesic’ savanna), but occurring further west and south in the ‘arid’ savanna, namakaroo and desert biomes ( Fig. 90 View FIGURES 87–92 ). Recorded in January to August and October to December; most abundantly in December and February (vide Table 2).

Cosmina margaritae Peris, 1952 a: 229.

Fig. 91 View FIGURES 87–92 .

TYPE LOCALITY: Nyasaland [= Malawi] .

DISTRIBUTION: Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Namibia, Senegal, South Africa (Natal, Transvaal), Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

KNOWN RECORD: Windhoek, SE 2218 Ca , 3.ii.1974, M.E. Irwin ( NMSA) ; W. Caprivi Park, Kwando meander at: Kwando River, 17°50'49''S 23°18'53''E, 15.xii.1999, Mann, Marais & Newman, swept vegetation floating over water, grasses GoogleMaps (NMWC).

MATERIAL: 1♀, Aigamas 471, 1–2.xi.1985, Irish (1), H64480 View Materials ; 1♂, Gelukkie : Okavango, 6.iv.1990, Marais ; 1♀, Popa Falls (1), 26.ii.1992, Marais & Pusch ( MT) ; 1♂, 1♀, Qugali River, 7.iv.1990, Marais ; 1♀, Salambala campsite, 22–24.ii.2001, Kirk­Spriggs (1) & Marais ( MT) ; 1♀, Northern vet. fence, 2 km S, 20.xi–16.xii.1988, Paxton & Marais ; 3♀, Katima Mulilo , 11–14.iv.1997, Marais ( BP) floodplain savanna; 1♀, same except: ( YP) ; 1♀, Okavarumendu 262, 10.xi.1994 – 26.i.1995, Marais ( PT) .

NOTES: Biology, life history and immature stages unknown. In Namibia collected in yellow and blue pans, and in pitfall and Malaise traps. North­eastern and central Namibia in the ‘arid’ and ‘mesic’ savanna biome ( Fig. 91 View FIGURES 87–92 ). Recorded in February, April and November; most abundantly in April (vide Table 2).

Cosmina undulata Malloch, 1926: 518 .

Fig. 92 View FIGURES 87–92 .

TYPE LOCALITY: Nigeria .

DISTRIBUTION: Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Namibia *, Niger, Nigeria, South Africa (Cape, Natal) and Togo.

MATERIAL: 1♀, Kwando River: Susuwe, 28.ix–2.x.1998, Kirk­Spriggs (1) ( MT) dry woodland; 1♀, Nhoma River, 1 km E of, 28.xii.1998, Marais, Kirk­Spriggs(1) & Mann ( MT) .

NOTES: Biology, life history and immature stages unknown. In Namibia the species has only been collected in Malaise traps. North­eastern Namibia in the ‘mesic’ savanna biome ( Fig. 92 View FIGURES 87–92 ). Recorded in November and December in low numbers (vide Table 2).

MT

Mus. Tinro, Vladyvostok

BP

Hungarian Natural History Museum

LT

Université de Montréal

NMSA

KwaZulu-Natal Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Rhiniidae

Loc

Cosmina Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830: 423

Kurahashi, Hiromu & Kirk-Spriggs, Ashley H. 2006
2006
Loc

Cosmina undulata

Malloch 1926: 518
1926
Loc

Cosmina fuscipennis Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830: 423

Robineau-Desvoidy 1830: 423
1830
Loc

Musca

Linnaeus 1758
1758