Smeringopus ndumo, Huber, 2012

Huber, Bernhard A., 2012, 3461, Zootaxa 3461, pp. 1-138: 63-64

publication ID

0704C43A-73D8-4A28-915A-7FF8611C8606

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0704C43A-73D8-4A28-915A-7FF8611C8606

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FBB532-FFBB-173C-FF6A-0E053FB6FD68

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Smeringopus ndumo
status

new species

Smeringopus ndumo   new species

Figs. 276–277, 296–297, 367–371

Type. Male holotype from South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Ndumo Game Reserve (26°52.7’S, 32°11.1’E), Acacia tortilis   savanna, under logs, 19.vi.2005 (C. Haddad), in NCP GoogleMaps   .

Etymology. The name is a noun in apposition, derived from the type locality.

Diagnosis. Distinguished from similar congeners ( S. hanglip   , S. lydenberg   , S. mlilwane   ) by shapes of bulbal processes ( Figs. 369, 370); from S. hanglip   and S. lydenberg   also by three black lines ventrally on abdomen (versus two; median line narrow); from other close relatives by process near palpal tarsal organ ( Fig. 367), ventrally strongly curved procursus ( Figs. 277, 367), and prolateral process on procursus tip ( Fig. 368).

Male (holotype). Total body length 7.3, carapace width 2.4. Leg 1: 52.0 (13.5 + 0.9 + 13.1 + 22.0 + 2.5), tibia 2: 9.2, tibia 3: 6.9, tibia 4 missing; tibia 1 L/d: 56. Habitus similar S. koppies   (cf. Fig. 245). Carapace ochre-yellow with distinct dark pattern (median and lateral bands, two pairs of submarginal marks), clypeus with pair of dark stripes, sternum mostly light brown with black pattern posteriorly, legs with darker rings subdistally on femora and tibiae, abdomen dorsally with distinct dark pattern, ventrally with three dark lines in median part (median line narrow). Distance PME-PME 160 µm, diameter PME 185 µm, distance PME-ALE 90 µm, distance AME-AME 35 µm, diameter AME 155 µm. Ocular area slightly elevated, secondary eyes with indistinct ‘pseudo-lenses’; deep thoracic pit. Chelicerae very similar S. hanglip   (cf. Figs. 340, 341; just slightly smaller). Palps as in Figs. 276 and 277, coxa without retrolateral apophysis, trochanter barely modified, femur with deep and wide retrolateral furrow with distinct rim proximally, cymbium with distinct projection near tarsal organ ( Fig. 367), procursus ventrally strongly curved ( Figs. 277, 367), with prolateral process at tip ( Fig. 368), bulb with two distinctively shaped processes ( Figs. 369, 370). Legs without spines, few vertical hairs, with curved hairs on tibiae and metatarsi 1 and 2, retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 3.5%; prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia 1.

Variation. Tibia 1 in 2 other males: 9.7, 10.6. In one male from False Bay Park (the smaller one) the color pattern is generally simpler and more irregular   .

Female. In general similar to male; tibia 1 in 7 females: 9.3–12.8 (mean 10.6). Epigynum a simple plate without pockets ( Fig. 296), slightly variable in shape even among specimens from type locality; internal genitalia as in Figs. 297 and 371.

Distribution. Known from two localities in eastern South Africa ( Fig. 299).

Material examined. SOUTH AFRICA: KwaZulu-Natal: Ndumo Game Reserve: 1♂ holotype above; same data, 6♀ in NCP. Ndumo Game Reserve , sand forest, SE boundary fence, under logs, 9.ii.2005 (C. Haddad), 1♀ in NCP. Ndumo Game Reserve, 18.i.–14.ii.2005 (F. Stahlavsky), 1♂ in pure ethanol in ZFMK (Kral 6) (J. Kral chromosome preparation). False Bay Park (27°58’S, 32°22’E), 28.i.2004 (collector not given), 1♂ in NCP (2004/ 1156) GoogleMaps   ; same data but 9.ii.2004, 1♂ 1♀ in NCP (2004/1152 part) GoogleMaps   ; same data but 24.xi.2003, 1♀ in NCP (2004/1154) GoogleMaps   .

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Pholcidae

Genus

Smeringopus