Smeringopus lesserti Kraus, 1957

HUBER, BERNHARD A., 2012, Revision and cladistic analysis of the Afrotropical endemic genus Smeringopus Simon, 1890 (Araneae: Pholcidae), Zootaxa 3461 (1), pp. 1-138 : 69-73

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3461.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0704C43A-73D8-4A28-915A-7FF8611C8606

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6418217

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FBB532-FFC1-174B-FF6A-0FD83F31FF01

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Smeringopus lesserti Kraus, 1957
status

 

Smeringopus lesserti Kraus, 1957

Figs. 12 View FIGURES 2–13 , 374–377, 380–381, 384–385 View FIGURES 372–385 , 402–423

Smeringopus elongatus ” (misidentification): Lessert 1930: 621–622, fig. 5.

Smeringopus lesserti Kraus 1957: 222–223 , pl. 19, figs. 7–10 (except female from Dilolo-Gare; see below).

Types. Male holotype and 1♀ paratype from Congo D.R., Congo Central Province, Malela [5°59’S, 12°37’E], 2.–12.vii.1915 (H. Lang, American Museum Congo Expedition), in MHNG (only left male palp) [the SMF (40441) also has a palp of a “male paratype”, but a male paratype was not designated and the palp is also a left one]. GoogleMaps One misidentified female paratype (poorly preserved, larger epigynal pockets) from Congo D.R, Lualaba Prov. , Katanga, Dilolo-Gare [10°42’S, 22°20’E], 1931 (F. Haas), in SMF. All types examined GoogleMaps .

Diagnosis. Easily distinguished from known congeners by long dorsal process on embolus ( Figs. 380 View FIGURES 372–385 , 415), thin process distally on procursus ( Figs. 402–404 View FIGURES 402–410 ), and epigynum shape (small, narrow plate with relatively large semicircular pockets; Figs. 384 View FIGURES 372–385 , 423).

Male (Thysville). Total body length 6.5, carapace width 2.1. Leg 1: 64.3 (16.1 + 0.9 + 16.3 + 28.5 + 2.5), tibia 2: 10.5, tibia 3: 7.2, tibia 4: 10.5; tibia 1 L/d: 80. Habitus as in Figs. 374 and 375 View FIGURES 372–385 . Carapace ochre-yellow with brown median and lateral marks, clypeus with pair of brown stripes, sternum monochromous brown, legs ochreyellow to light brown, tips of femora and tibiae lighter, abdomen ochre-gray with distinct dorsal and ventral pattern. Distance PME-PME 185 µm, diameter PME 170 µm, distance PME-ALE 70 µm, distance AME-AME 40 µm, diameter AME 135 µm. Ocular area slightly elevated, secondary eyes with indistinct ‘pseudo-lenses’ (cf. female, Fig. 422 View FIGURES 411–423 ); deep thoracic pit. Chelicerae as in Figs. 408 and 409 View FIGURES 402–410 , with small distal apophyses, each provided with modified hair ( Figs. 416, 417 View FIGURES 411–423 ). Palps as in Figs. 380 and 381 View FIGURES 372–385 , coxa with low retrolateral apophysis and deep wide furrow, trochanter barely modified, femur with deep retrolateral furrow with apophysis on proximal rim ( Fig. 411 View FIGURES 411–423 ), procursus with distinctive distal processes ( Figs. 402–404 View FIGURES 402–410 , 412–413 View FIGURES 411–423 ), bulb with long dorsal process arising from embolus ( Figs. 405–407 View FIGURES 402–410 , 415 View FIGURES 411–423 ). Legs without spines, few vertical hairs, with curved hairs on metatarsi 1 and 2, retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 2.5%; prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia 1. Gonopore with two epiandrous spigots ( Fig. 418 View FIGURES 411–423 ); ALS with eight spigots each ( Fig. 419 View FIGURES 411–423 ); PMS with two spigots each ( Fig. 420 View FIGURES 411–423 ).

Variation. Sternum varies from light brown to almost black; femora and tibiae subdistally often darkened. Tibia 1 in 34 males: 8.1–16.1 (mean 13.1).

Female. In general similar to male; tibia 1 in 51 females: 7.1–16.0 (mean 12.0). Epigynum small and narrow plate with relatively large, semicircular pockets ( Figs. 384 View FIGURES 372–385 , 423); internal genitalia as in Figs. 385 View FIGURES 372–385 and 410.

Distribution. Widely distributed in central Africa ( Fig. 401 View FIGURE 401 ).

Material examined. CONGO D.R.: Congo Central Prov.: Malela, 1♂ 1♀ types above. Muanda [5°56’S, 12°21’E], ix.1947 (Darteville), 1♂ 1♀ (2 vials) in MRAC (66205, 66231) GoogleMaps . Thysville [=Mbanza-Ngungu, 5°16’S, 14°51’E], 3.x.1938 (M. Bequaert), large cave, 1500 m a.s.l., 7♂ 26♀ in MRAC (1390–1432) GoogleMaps ; same data but 6.x.1938, 7♀ in MRAC (separated from 1374–1382) GoogleMaps . Grotte de Thysville , viii.1924 (G. Geerts), 1♀ in MRAC (25674) . “Grotte de Vivi” [near Matadi , ~ 5°50’S, 13°30’E?], ii.1937 (Darteville), 2♂ 4♀ + juvs (2 vials) in MRAC (26828–32, 26852–53) GoogleMaps . Equateur Prov.: Eala [=Mbandaka, 0°03’N, 18°16’E], v.1936 (J. Ghesquière), 1♀ in MRAC (26908) GoogleMaps . Tshopo Prov.: Stanleyville [=Kisangani, 0°31’N, 25°12’E], v.1928 (A. Collart), 1♂ in MRAC (30525) GoogleMaps . Avakubi [1°19’N, 27°33’E], no date (Delhaize), 1♂ 4♀ in MRAC (25696–702) GoogleMaps . Lulua Prov.: Luluaburg [=Kananga, 5°54’S, 22°27’E], no date (R. P. Cambier), 1♂ 3♀ in MRAC (25692–95) GoogleMaps . Kele [6°55’S, 23°10’E], caves, 1938 (M. Bequaert), 2♂ 2♀ in MRAC (702–05) GoogleMaps . Kinshasa Prov.: Leopoldville [= Kinshasa, 4°20’S, 15°19’E], i.1922 (P.H. Schouteden), 1♂ in MRAC (25690) GoogleMaps . Nord-Kivu: Benei [=Beni?, 0°30’N, 29°28’E], i.–ii.1953 (M. Watty), 3♂ 13♀ in MHNG GoogleMaps . Forêt de Beni, Vill. Mbao [=Mbau, 0°39’N, 29°30’E], 1000–1100 m a.s.l., 5.v.1964 (M.J. Celis), 4♂ 6♀ + juvs (2 vials) in MRAC (126796, 97) GoogleMaps . Bas-Uele Prov.: Djamba [2°52’N, 24°06’E?], no date (P.H. Schouteden), 1♂ 2♀ in MRAC (30536–38). GoogleMaps

SÃO TOMÉ AND PRÍNCIPE: São Tomé: Barricade Wall S of Praia du Mutamba (0°23.2’N, 6°35.7’E), 3.v.2001 (J.M. Ledford), 1♂ 1♀ 1 juv. in CAS. GoogleMaps Roca Zampalma [~ 0°16’N, 6°37’E], 2500 feet a.s.l., 5.–14.viii.1949 (B. Malkin), 1♀ in CAS GoogleMaps . Príncipe [~ 1°37’N, 7°24’E]: no further locality data, 9.xii.1932 (W.H.J. Janis?), 2♀ in BMNH (separated from 1933.8.30.60–64) GoogleMaps .

CAMEROON: Adamawa Region: Djohong [6°50’N, 14°42’E], 1.–5.ix.1971 (F. Puylaert), 14♂ 16♀ in MRAC (141389) GoogleMaps . Northwest Region: Oku (~ 6°14.5’N, 10°30.5’E), ~ 1900 m a.s.l., in building, 17.iv.2009 (B.A. Huber), 1♂ 1♀ in ZFMK (Ar 8510) GoogleMaps . Centre Region: Reserve forestiere du Nyong, 16 km S of Makak (“ Lok. 174”; ~ 3°25’N, 11°00’E?), 10.xi.–13.xii.1950 (J. Birket-Smith, J. Dahl), 1♂ 1♀ in ZMUC GoogleMaps ; same data but “1949–1950, 10/2–727”, 1♂ in ZMUC GoogleMaps .

GABON: Ogooué-Ivindo: Monts de Belinga, Mayebout (1°06.9’N, 13°06.4’E), 500 m a.s.l., in building, 13.viii.2011 (B.A. & S.R. Huber), 2♂ 14♀ 1 juv. (2 vials) in ZFMK (Ar 8511-12); GoogleMaps same data, 1♂ 2♀ in pure ethanol, in ZFMK (Gab 225). GoogleMaps Makokou (0°33.9’N, 12°50.7’E), 520 m a.s.l., in building, 13.viii.2011 (B.A. & S.R. Huber) 1♀ in ZFMK (Ar 8513) GoogleMaps . Ogooué-Lolo: village near Moudouma (1°23.9’S, 12°09.4’E), 440 m a.s.l., in building, 24.viii.2011 (B.A. & S.R. Huber), 2♂ 5♀ (2 vials) in ZFMK (Ar 8514-15); GoogleMaps same data, 1♂ 1♀ in pure ethanol, in ZFMK (Gab 178). GoogleMaps “Gabon”, no further data, with the label belonging to the lost S. arambourgi male syntypes, 11♂ 4♀ in MNHN (Ar 10363). GoogleMaps “ Gabon ”, no further data, donated by E. Simon in 1913 (as S. elongatus ), 1♂ (without palps) 1♀ in MHNG GoogleMaps .

ANGOLA: Luanda Prov.: Luanda [8°50’S, 13°15’E], no date (H. Chatclain), 1♂ 1 juv. in USNM GoogleMaps . Malanje Prov.: Furnas de Cacolo-Calombe near Malange [= Malanje, ~ 9°30’S, 16°20’E], 23.xi.1946 (A. de Barros Machado), 2♂ 4♀ in SMF (Ang 165.3); GoogleMaps same locality, vi.1948 (H. Breui), 2♂ 4♀ in SMF (Ang 3128.1) GoogleMaps .

MHNG

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

SMF

Forschungsinstitut und Natur-Museum Senckenberg

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

ZMUC

Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Pholcidae

Genus

Smeringopus

Loc

Smeringopus lesserti Kraus, 1957

HUBER, BERNHARD A. 2012
2012
Loc

Smeringopus lesserti

Kraus, O. 1957: 223
1957
Loc

Smeringopus elongatus

Lessert, R. de 1930: 621
1930