Smeringopus tombua, Huber, 2012

Huber, Bernhard A., 2012, 3461, Zootaxa 3461, pp. 1-138: 87-88

publication ID

0704C43A-73D8-4A28-915A-7FF8611C8606

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0704C43A-73D8-4A28-915A-7FF8611C8606

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FBB532-FFD3-1754-FF6A-0A383897F813

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Smeringopus tombua
status

new species

Smeringopus tombua   new species

Figs. 436–437, 457–458, 473–474, 526–529

Type. Male holotype from Angola, Namib Province , “Désert de Moçamedes”, between km 30 and 34 of route [from Moçamedes = Namib] to Porto Alexandre [= Tômbua] [~ 15°26’S, 12°11’E], under Welwitschia   leaves, 23.x.1949 (A. de Barros Machado), in SMF (Ang 1947.6) GoogleMaps   .

Etymology. The name is a noun in apposition, derived from the type locality.

Diagnosis. Distinguished from similar congeners by shapes of procursus (distal structures, Fig. 526; similar S. atomarius   and S. uisib   ), bulb (processes of embolus, Fig. 529; similar S. atomarius   and S. uisib   ), cheliceral apophyses (with proximal humps; Figs. 527, 528), shape of epigynum ( Fig. 473; wide plate with small round pockets; like S. atomarius   and S. uisib   ), and spotted leg femora (only proximally).

Male (holotype). Total body length 6.2, carapace width 1.7. Leg 1: 43.6 (12.5 + 0.8 + 10.8 + 17.5 + 2.0), tibia 2: 8.0, tibia 3: 6.0, tibia 4: 8.8; tibia 1 L/d: 55. Habitus as in Figs. 436 and 437. Carapace ochre-yellow with brown median and very indistinct lateral marks, clypeus with indistinct pair of dark stripes, sternum slightly darkened medially, leg femora with some brown spots proximally, femora and tibiae with indistinct subdistal rings, abdomen monochromous pale whitish. Distance PME-PME 115 µm, diameter PME 150 µm, distance PME-ALE 55 µm, distance AME-AME 60 µm, diameter AME 135 µm. Ocular area slightly elevated, secondary eyes with small ‘pseudo-lenses’; deep thoracic pit. Chelicerae with conical proximal humps and distal apophyses ( Figs. 527, 528). Palps as in Figs. 457 and 458, coxa with distinct retrolateral apophysis, trochanter barely modified, femur with retrolateral furrow with distinct proximal rim, procursus with distinctive distal processes in dorsal view ( Fig. 526; retrolateral view as in S. uisib   ; cf. Fig. 509), bulb with complex embolus, distinctive in prolateral view ( Fig. 529; dorsal view as in S. uisib   ; cf. Fig. 512). Legs without spines, few vertical hairs, with curved hairs on tibiae and metatarsi 1 and 2; retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 2.5%; prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia 1. Gonopore with two epiandrous spigots.

Variation. Tibia 1 in 4 other males: 8.9, 9.3, 10.0, 10.8.

Female. In general similar to male; tibia 1 in 2 females: 9.3, 9.6. Epigynum a wide plate with round pockets ( Fig. 473; very similar S. atomarius   and S. uisib   ); internal genitalia as in Fig. 474. Distribution. Only known from type locality in southwestern Angola ( Fig. 475). Material examined. Angola: Namib Province: between Namib and Tômbua: type above; same data, 4♂ 3♀ (3 vials) in SMF   .

FIGURES 530–544. Smeringopus cylindrogaster   group. S. luki   (530–533, 538–541) and S. isangi   (534–537, 542–544). 530–531, 534–535. Males, dorsal and ventral views. 532–533, 536–537. Left male palps, prolateral and retrolateral views. 538. Male prosoma, frontal oblique view. 539. Male ocular area. 540–544. Female epigyna and cleared female genitalia, dorsal (541, 544) and ventral (543) views (arrows point to median and lateral pockets).

SMF

Forschungsinstitut und Natur-Museum Senckenberg

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Pholcidae

Genus

Smeringopus