Eristalis (Eristalis) tenax ( Linnaeus, 1758 ),

Barahona-Segovia, Rodrigo M., Riera, Pamela, Pañinao-Monsálvez, Laura, Guzmán, Vicente Valdés & Henríquez-Piskulich, Patricia, 2021, Updating the knowledge of the flower flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Chile: Illustrated catalog, extinction risk and biological notes, Zootaxa 4959 (1), pp. 1-178: 40-42

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4959.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3BAB6920-30AC-410A-995B-BBDA9E2A105D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FD4340-FF9D-1871-FF27-0FA1FC51FC19

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Eristalis (Eristalis) tenax ( Linnaeus, 1758 )
status

 

Eristalis (Eristalis) tenax ( Linnaeus, 1758) 

Figs 47–48View FIGURE 45–48

Musca tenax Linnaeus, 1758: 591  View Cited Treatment

Syrphus tenax Fabricius, 1775: 765  *

Conops vulgaris Scopoli, 1763: 960 

Elophilus tenax Latreille, 1810: 443  *

Eristalis campestris Meigen, 1822: 385 

Eristalis hortorum Meigen, 1822: 385 

Eristalis sylvaticus Meigen, 1822: 388 

Eristalis vulpinus Meigen, 1822: 388 

Eristalis sinensis Wiedemann, 1824: 37 

Eristalomyia tenax Enderlein, 1940: 662  *

Tubifera tenax Bean, 1949: 149  *

Eristalis (Eristalomyia) tenax Hull, 1949b: 396 

Type locality and data. “ Sweden ” (LT, ♀, BMNH)  .

Material examined. Tarapacá:Iquique( Etcheverry1970);Antofagasta: 1♂, Antofagasta , XI.1932, Leg.A. Pirión ( USNM; Thompson 1997)  ; 1♂, Reserva Nacional Paposo , 25.I.1997, Leg. V. Jérez ( MZUC)  ; Coquimbo   : 1♂, Elqui , 09.II.1990, Leg. G. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, La Pampilla , no date, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Serón , no date, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, El Naranjo, Tilama, no date, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Boco , no date, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)  ; Valparaíso   : 1♀, Horcones , 02.II.1969, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Quintero , 27.X.1963, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Hijuelas , 16.IV.1988, Leg. N. Hichins ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Rio Blanco , 20.I.1979, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Quillota , 05.II.1970, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Villa Alemana , no date, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Quilpué , 20.XII.1961, Leg. J. Solervicens ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Peñablanca , 24.I.1982, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Cuesta Colliguay , 04.XI.1967, Leg. J. Solervicens ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, El Salto, 08.V.1963, Leg. N. Hichins ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, CONAF, Masatierra , 12.I.2003, Leg. H. González ( SAG)  ; 1♂, Quebrada Las Chozas , Alejandro Selkirk, 24.I.2003, Leg. H. González ( SAG)  ; Metropolitana   : 1♂, Caleu , TilTil, 08.XII.1987, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Colina , 24.XII.1966, Leg. J. Solervicens ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Vallecito , km14 near Farellones, 05.IV.1981, Leg. G. Farellones ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Quinta Normal , 1977, Leg. C.V.B. ( SAG)  ; 1♀, Antumapu , no date, Leg. NN ( SAG)  ; Maule   : 1♂, Vilches Alto , 20.I.1979, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; Ñuble   : 1♂, Coelemú , 10.XII.1988, Leg. NN ( MZUC)  ; 1♂, El Arillo, San Carlos , 09.I.1986, Leg. V. Pérez ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, San Carlos , 21.XI.1966, Leg. V. Pérez ( MNHNCL)  ; 2♂, Las Trancas , 19.XI.1969, Leg. L. Alfaro ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Cholguán , 10.VIII.1965 Leg. Cruzat ( MZUC)  ; 1♀, Florida , 11.IX.1962, Leg. NN ( MZUC)  ; Biobío   : 1♂, Penco , 11.X.1978, Leg. Cid ( MZUC)  ; 1♂, Concepción , 23.II.1986, Leg. NN ( MZUC)  ; 2♀, Chiguayante , 11.IX.1945, Leg. NN ( MZUC)  ; 1♀, Talcahuano , 22.I.1966, Leg. J. Artigas ( MZUC)  ; 1♀, Isla Quiriquina , 12.IX.1965, Leg. NN ( MZUC)  ; 1♂, San Pedro de la Paz , 17.III.1964, Leg. NN ( MZUC)  ; 1♀, Los Ángeles , 11.IX.1978, Leg. Jorge Artigas ( MZUC)  ; 1♀, Yumbel , 23.XI.1971, Leg. Cruzat ( MZUC)  ; 1♂, Arauco , 29.IX.1977, Leg. NN ( MZUC)  ; La Araucanía: 1♂, Nahuelbuta National Park , 09.XII.1999, Leg. Bullock ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Angol , 11.X.1995, Leg. R. Cuevas ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Nueva Imperial , no date, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)  ; Los Ríos: 2♀, Santo Domingo , 5.II.1989, Leg. E. Krahmer ( UACH)  ; 1♂, Valdivia , no date, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Domeyko , 13.X.1991, Leg. E. Krahmer ( UACH)  ; Isla Mancera ( Porter 1927a); Los Lagos  : 1♂, La Unión , 10.I.1952, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Fundo el Castillo, 22.I.1969, Leg. L. Alfaro ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Lago Chapo , 28.II.1983, Leg. G. Arriagada ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Caulín , Chacao, Chiloé, 13.II.2016, Leg. C. Smith- Ramírez ( CSD)  .

References. Linnaeus, 1758: 591 (desc.); Williston, 1886: 160 (cat.); Kertész, 1910: 238 (cat.); Porter, 1921: 447 (cat., dist. & notes); Porter, 1924: 98 (cat.); Hull, 1925b: 305 (desc.); Porter, 1927b: 122 (cat.); Porter, 1928: 190 (cat.); Curran, 1930b: 25 (desc.); Porter, 1932: 190 (cat. & notes); Porter, 1933: 182 (checklist); Shannon & Aubertin, 1933: 163 (desc.); Porter, 1934: 170 (cat.); Ruiz & Stuardo, 1935: 318 (natural history); Porter, 1938: 155 (cat.); Gutiérrez, 1939: 35 (cat.); Enderlein, 1940: 662 (desc.); Stuardo, 1946: 128 (cat.); Bean, 1949: 149, fig. 15 (desc.); Hull, 1949b: 396 (desc.); Fluke, 1955: 43 (cat.); Fluke, 1957: 144 (cat.); Etcheverry, 1963: 44 (cat.); Etcheverry, 1970: 94 (cat.); Thompson et al., 1976: 101 (cat.); Campos & Peña, 1973: 225 (cat.); Thompson, 1997: 214 (desc.); Thompson, 1999a: 330 (key); González & Coscarón, 2005: 347 (distr.); Smith-Ramírez et al., 2005: 412 (pollinator study); González et al., 2009: 270 (cc.); Wakeham-Dawson et al., 2009: 66 (cat. & notes); Smith- Ramírez et al., 2014: 164 (pollinator study); Smith-Ramírez et al., 2014: 6 (ecological study, supplementary material); Montoya, 2016: 490 (cat.); Smith-Ramírez et al., 2016: 4 (pollinator study).

World distribution. Originally from Europe. It has been introduced to several parts of the world. Present in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru and Chile.

Chilean distribution. From Tarapacá to Magallanes region ( Fig. 49View FIGURE 49).

Altitudinal range. From coastal to highland ecosystems (5– 2,500 m.a.s.l.).

Biology and notes. Eristalis tenax  is a generalist and exotic species. The species has been mentioned as an invasive species due to interspecific displacement of bees and native hoverflies ( Wellington & Fitzpatrick 1981). Eristalis tenax  males can defend flower patches from other conespecific individuals and it can attack to Lasioides  sp. and Lasia nigritarsis Blanchard  ( Diptera  , Acroceridae  ), Bombus dahlbomii Guérin-Mèneville  , butterflies, small bees and other flower flies (Rodrigo Barahona-Segovia, pers. obs.). In addition, it is a recognized for generating public health problems by producing myasis ( González et al., 2009). Several authors have recorded E. tenax  visiting native and exotic plants. In Chile there are records of the species visiting flowers of Senecio bustillosianus J. Remy  in the Andes ( Arroyo et al., 1982), and flowers of Gevuina avellana Molina  , E. cordifolia  and M. planipes  in Chiloé Island ( Smith-Ramírez et al., 2005, 2016). Other interactions have also been reported by citizen scientists such as B. linearis  (Asiel Olivares pers. obs.), Helminthotheca echioides  (L.) Holub (Mari Peña pers. obs.), T. officinale  (Eduardo Salinas, Gabriela Germain, Ricardo Huenuanca per. obs.), Rubus ulmifolius Schott  (Matías Cortés per. obs.), Crataegus  sp. (María Luisa Estay pers. obs.) and Carduus  sp. (Orlando Montes pers. com.).

Conservation status. Not evaluated because this species is considered exotic and invasive.

Genus Habromyia Williston, 1888 

Habromyia Williston, 1888: 284  . Type-species, coeruleithorax Williston (mon.). Refs. Thompson, 1972b: 136–137 (Milesinae rev.); Thompson, 1975: 292 (status notes); Thompson, 1999a: 329 (key); 340 (key to spp. and notes); Thompson, 2000: 376 (key).

Edwardsietta Hull, 1941c: 437  .

Lycopale Hull, 1944: 129  . Type-species, Meromacrus vittata Hull  (orig. des.) = lizeri (Brèthes).

Criorthrix Hull, 1949b: 391  . Type-species, Habromyia rectilinear Hull  (orig. des.).

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

MZUC

Museo de Zoologia, Universidad de Concepcion

SAG

Sammlung von Algenkulturen at Universitat Gottingen

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Syrphidae

Genus

Eristalis

Loc

Eristalis (Eristalis) tenax ( Linnaeus, 1758 )

Barahona-Segovia, Rodrigo M., Riera, Pamela, Pañinao-Monsálvez, Laura, Guzmán, Vicente Valdés & Henríquez-Piskulich, Patricia 2021
2021
Loc

Tubifera tenax

Bean, J. L. 1949: 149
1949
Loc

Eristalis (Eristalomyia) tenax

Hull, F. M. 1949: 396
1949
Loc

Eristalomyia tenax

Enderlein, G. 1940: 662
1940
Loc

Habromyia

Thompson, F. C. 1972: 136
Williston, S. W. 1888: 284
1888
Loc

Eristalis sinensis

Wiedemann, C. R. W. 1824: 37
1824
Loc

Eristalis campestris

Meigen, J. W. 1822: 385
1822
Loc

Eristalis hortorum

Meigen, J. W. 1822: 385
1822
Loc

Eristalis sylvaticus

Meigen, J. W. 1822: 388
1822
Loc

Eristalis vulpinus

Meigen, J. W. 1822: 388
1822
Loc

Elophilus tenax

Latreille, P. A. 1810: 443
1810
Loc

Syrphus tenax

Fabricius, J. C. 1775: 765
1775
Loc

Conops vulgaris

Scopoli, J. A. 1763: 960
1763
Loc

Musca tenax Linnaeus, 1758: 591

Linnaeus, C. 1758: 591
1758