Dioprosopa clavata ( Fabricius, 1794 ),

Barahona-Segovia, Rodrigo M., Riera, Pamela, Pañinao-Monsálvez, Laura, Guzmán, Vicente Valdés & Henríquez-Piskulich, Patricia, 2021, Updating the knowledge of the flower flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Chile: Illustrated catalog, extinction risk and biological notes, Zootaxa 4959 (1), pp. 1-178: 124-126

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4959.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3BAB6920-30AC-410A-995B-BBDA9E2A105D

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4705570

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FD4340-FFC1-1825-FF27-0828FA80FB11

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Dioprosopa clavata ( Fabricius, 1794 )
status

 

Dioprosopa clavata ( Fabricius, 1794) 

Figs 176–177View FIGURES 176–177

Syrphus clavatus Fabricius, 1794: 298 

Baccha fusciventris Wiedemann, 1830: 95 

Paragus scutellaris Walker, 1837: 342 

Baccha varia Walker, 1849: 548 

Baccha babista Walker, 1849: 549 

Baccha facialis Thomson, 1869: 504 

Conops quadrimaculata Ashmead, 1880: 69 

Spazigaster bacchoides Bigot, 1883: 326 

Mixogaster scutellata Williston, 1887: 322 

Pseudodoros clavatus Thompson et al., 1976: 10 

Type locality and data. “Americae meridionalis Insulis” (LT, A, UZMC).

Material examined. Arica y Parinacota: 1♂, Azapa grande, III.1966, Leg. M.V. (UTA); 1♂, Azapa km 14, I.1977, Leg. N. Hichins (UTA); 1♀, Azapa, Laboratory  , UTA, 21.II.1967, Leg. NN (UTA); 2♀, Lluta, Molino, 2.VII.1986, Leg. G. Díaz P. (UTA); Lluta valley, no date, Leg. M. Etcheverry, 395 m ( Etcheverry 1952); 1♂, Azapa 1960, Leg. M. Etcheverry ( IEUMCE); 1♀, Azapa valley , 1.V.1986, Leg. S. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 1♂, Arica (ciudad), 20.XII.1986, Leg. S. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 1♂, Codpa, 30.XI.1985, Leg. M. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 2♀  , Belén, no date, Leg. M. Etcheverry ( IEUMCE)  . Tarapacá: MiñeMiñe, 14.II.1948, Leg. M. Etcheverry (Etcheverry 1947); 1♀, Iquique, 1951, Leg. J. Moreno ( IEUMCE); 1♀, Mamiña, 2800 m, no date, Leg. M. Etcheverry ( IEUMCE); 1♂, 1♀, Pillalla, Pampa del Tamarugal , 26.VI.1987, Leg. D. Bobadilla (UTA); 1♀, Monte Choque, Pampa del Tamarugal , 27.V.1987, Leg. A. Gallardo (UTA)  ; Antofagasta: 1♂, 1♀  , Antofagasta, 26–27.XI.1959 Leg. J  . Herrera y Moreno ( UMCE); 1♂, Bosque de Tamarugos, 18.VI.1969, Leg. L. E. Peña ( MEUC); Metropolitana : 3♂, 1♀, Cementerio General de  Santiago, 10.IV.2017, Leg: Rodrigo Barahona-Segovia ( PCRBS); 1♂, Estación Central, 09.XI.1986, Leg. G. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 2♀, Providencia, 05.V.2015, Leg. Rodrigo Barahona-Segovia ( PCRBS)  .

References. Fabricius, 1794: 298 (desc.); Williston, 1886: 314 (cat.); Hine, 1914: 336 (desc.); Shannon & Aubertin, 1933: 135 (desc. & key); Sack, 1941: 101 (cat.); Fluke, 1956: 240 (cat.); Etcheverry, 1963: 138 (cat.); Boyes et al., 1973: 378 (karyotypes); Thompson et al., 1976: 10 (cat.); Kasseber, 2000: 80, figs 1c & 1f (desc., dist. & key); Marinoni et al., 2007: 148 (illustrated key); Morales & Köhler, 2008: 43 (floral preferences); López-García & Maza, 2013: 238 (records & dist.); Arcaya et al., 2013: 145 (larvae predatory); Miranda & Moran, 2016: 31, figs 63, 78 & 94 (female terminalia); Montoya, 2016: 475 (cat.); Marín-Armijos et al., 2017: 176 (cat.).

World distribution. Argentina, Bahamas, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Less Antillas, Puerto Rico, Venezuela and Chile.

Chilean distribution. From Arica y Parinacota to Metropolitan region ( Fig. 180View FIGURE 180)  .

Altitudinal range. From coastal to highland ecosystems (2–3,240 m.a.s.l.).

Biology and notes. Dioprosopa clavata  is a species with a wide distribution. It has been found visiting mainly exotic plants such as Myoporum laetum G. Forst  , T. officinale  , Trifolium  sp., and Plumbago auriculata Lam.  (R. Barahona-Segovia, pers. obs.). Also, this species have been observed visiting flowers of E. pectinatus  , L. marítima  , H. helix  and Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques  (Gabriela Germain, CSP records); C. ovata  (Susana Delgado, CSP record); H. echioides  (Mari Peña, CSP record) and Cuscuta  sp. (Matías Cortés, CSP record). This species is an important biological controller of different insect pests such as aphids ( Rojo et al., 2003).

Conservation status. LC; EOO = 113,098 km 2, AOO = 68 km 2, 14 subpopulations and 15 localities.

UZMC

Universidad del Zulia

IEUMCE

INSTITUTO DE ENTOMOLOGIA UNIVERSIDAD METROPOLITANA DE CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACION

MEUC

Universidad de Chile

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Syrphidae

Genus

Dioprosopa

Loc

Dioprosopa clavata ( Fabricius, 1794 )

Barahona-Segovia, Rodrigo M., Riera, Pamela, Pañinao-Monsálvez, Laura, Guzmán, Vicente Valdés & Henríquez-Piskulich, Patricia 2021
2021
Loc

Pseudodoros clavatus

Thompson, F. & Vockeroth, J. R. & Sedman, Y. S. 1976: 10
1976
Loc

Mixogaster scutellata

Williston, S. W. 1887: 322
1887
Loc

Spazigaster bacchoides

Bigot, J. M. F. 1883: 326
1883
Loc

Conops quadrimaculata

Ashmead, W. H. 1880: 69
1880
Loc

Baccha facialis

Thomson, C. G. 1869: 504
1869
Loc

Baccha varia

Walker, F. 1849: 548
1849
Loc

Baccha babista

Walker, F. 1849: 549
1849
Loc

Paragus scutellaris

Walker, F. 1837: 342
1837
Loc

Baccha fusciventris

Wiedemann, C. R. W. 1830: 95
1830
Loc

Syrphus clavatus

Fabricius, J. C. 1794: 298
1794