Platycheirus (Carposcalis) fenestratus ( Macquart, 1842 ),

Barahona-Segovia, Rodrigo M., Riera, Pamela, Pañinao-Monsálvez, Laura, Guzmán, Vicente Valdés & Henríquez-Piskulich, Patricia, 2021, Updating the knowledge of the flower flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Chile: Illustrated catalog, extinction risk and biological notes, Zootaxa 4959 (1), pp. 1-178: 107

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4959.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3BAB6920-30AC-410A-995B-BBDA9E2A105D

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4705560

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FD4340-FFD0-1832-FF27-0E7CFAF0F876

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Platycheirus (Carposcalis) fenestratus ( Macquart, 1842 )
status

 

Platycheirus (Carposcalis) fenestratus ( Macquart, 1842) 

Figs 161–163View FIGURES 158–163

Syrphus fenestratus Macquart, 1842: 163 

Melanostoma fenestratum Williston, 1886: 311  *

Melanostoma (Carposcalis) fenestratum Fluke, 1945: 15  *

Carposcalis fenestratum Fluke, 1957: 10  *

Type locality and data. “ Chile ” (T, ♀, MNHNP)  .

Material examined. Tarapacá: 1♂, Chijo, Iquique , 26.V.1986, Leg.S. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; Atacama: 1♀, Paipote , 15–18.X.1969, Leg. L.E. Peña ( MEUC)  ; Coquimbo: 1♀, La Serena, 1.III.1970, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Los Vilos , 1.XII.1995, Leg. M. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; Valparaíso: 1♂, Reñaca , 2.I.1975, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Rio Blanco , 30.XI.1959, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)  ; Quilpué ( Porter 1921)  ; 1♂, 3♀, La Cruz, 29.VIII.1960, Leg. Hichins ( MEUC)  ; La Ligua ( Porter 1921); Metropolitana: 2♂, 3♀, Rinconada de Maipú , XI.1963, Leg. NN ( MEUC)  ; Maule: 1♂, 1km N Curicó , 29.XI.1982, Leg. R.L. Brown ( CNC)  ; Ñuble   : 1♂, 2♀, Recinto, Pinto , 14.X.1969, Leg. G. Barria ( MEUC)  ; La   Araucanía: 1♀, Pichinahuel , 27.VII.1980, Leg. M. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, PN Contulmo, 23.I.1996, Leg. M. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, 1♀, Temuco , 22.VIII.1986, Leg. R. Rebolledo ( UFRO)  ; Los Ríos: 1♂, Mehuín, Valdivia , 26.I.1996, Leg. M. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 2♀, Valdivia , 27.VII.1985, Leg. R. Rebolledo ( PCRR)  ; Aysén: 2♀, Puyuhuapi , 12.III.1994, Leg. G. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; Magallanes: 1♂, Laguna Amarga , 28.II.1969, Leg. L. Peña ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Monte Alto, Punta Arenas , 11.III.1969 Leg. L. Peña ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Agua fresca, 4.I.1970, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Punta Delgada , 22.XI.1968, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Ojo bueno, 10.XI.1974, Leg. G. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Ruhens 16.XII.1976, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Estancia Guayrabo , 12.XI.1978, Leg. G. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  .

References. Macquart, 1842: 163 (desc.); Blanchard, 1852: 413 (desc.); Philippi, 1865: 746 (desc.); Williston, 1886: 311 (cat.); Reed, 1888: 299 (cat.); Lynch Arribálzaga, 1891: 309 (cat.); Porter, 1921: 446 (cat., dist. & notes); Shannon, 1927: 23 (desc. & key); Porter, 1933: 182 (checklist); Shannon & Aubertin, 1933: 133 (desc. & key); Fluke, 1945: 15 (desc. notes); Stuardo, 1946: 124 (cat.); Sack, 1941: 93 (cat.); Fluke, 1955: 42 (distr.); Fluke, 1957: 42 (cat.); Fluke, 1958: 273, figs 56 & 64 (genitalia); Etcheverry, 1963: 53 (cat.); Thompson et al., 1976: 40 (cat.); Zúñiga et al., 1986: 480 (predators of aphids); Medan & D’Ambrogio, 1998: 200 (plant biology); Medan & Arce, 1999: 289 (plant biology); González & Coscarón, 2005: 347 (distr.); Smith-Ramírez et al., 2005: 245 (pollinator study); López-García & Maza, 2013: 238 (cat.); Smith-Ramírez et al., 2014: 6 (ecological study, supplementary material); Montoya, 2016: 462 (cat.); Smith-Ramírez et al., 2016: 4 (pollinator study).

World distribution. Colombia, Brazil, Mexico, Peru, and Chile.

Chilean distribution. From Tarapacá to Magallanes region ( Fig. 164View FIGURE 164).

Altitudinal range. From coastal to highland ecosystems (5– 3,750 m.a.s.l.).

Biology and notes. Platycheirus fenestratus  is, together with P. chalconotus  , common in several habitats along Chile. Platycheirus fenestratus  occurs in native shrublands, croplands and forests ( Medan & D’ambrogio 1998; Medan & Arce 1999; Contreras 2012; Smith-Ramírez et al. 2005, 2016). Larvae are considered important in the biological control of Sternorrhyncha (Thompson et al., 2010, López-García & Maza 2013). Adults have been recorded visiting flowers of Aristolochia chilensis ( Porter, 1921)  ; native blueberry Aristotelia chilensis (Molina) Stuntz ( Contreras, 2012)  ; T. quinquenervia  ( Medan & D’Ambrogio, 1998; Medan & Arce 1999); Embothrium coccineum J.R. Forst. & G. Forst. ( Contreras, 2012)  ; E. cordifolia Cav.  ( Smith-Ramírez et al. 2005, 2016); M. domestica  (Vanessa Durán & Rodrigo Barahona-Segovia, pers. obs.) and Ugni molinae Tucrsz ( Neira et al. 2003)  . Platycheirus fenestratus  is also one of the most common species visiting urban trees as well as exotic flowers in private gardens and parks (R. Barahona-Segovia et al. unpublished data).

Conservation status. LC; EOO = 952,271 km 2; AOO = 100 km 2, 23 subpopulations and 24 localities.

MNHNP

Museo Nacional de Historia Natural del Paraguay

MEUC

Universidad de Chile

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Syrphidae

Genus

Platycheirus

Loc

Platycheirus (Carposcalis) fenestratus ( Macquart, 1842 )

Barahona-Segovia, Rodrigo M., Riera, Pamela, Pañinao-Monsálvez, Laura, Guzmán, Vicente Valdés & Henríquez-Piskulich, Patricia 2021
2021
Loc

Carposcalis fenestratum

Fluke, C. L. 1957: 10
1957
Loc

(Carposcalis) fenestratum

Fluke, C. L. 1945: 15
1945
Loc

fenestratum

Williston, S. W. 1886: 311
1886
Loc

Syrphus fenestratus

Macquart, J. 1842: 163
1842