Microdon (Microdon) violaceus ( Macquart, 1842 )

Barahona-Segovia, Rodrigo M., Riera, Pamela, Pañinao-Monsálvez, Laura, Guzmán, Vicente Valdés & Henríquez-Piskulich, Patricia, 2021, Updating the knowledge of the flower flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Chile: Illustrated catalog, extinction risk and biological notes, Zootaxa 4959 (1), pp. 1-178: 101-102

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4959.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3BAB6920-30AC-410A-995B-BBDA9E2A105D

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4705548

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FD4340-FFDE-183D-FF27-0FE9FAEBF942

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Microdon (Microdon) violaceus ( Macquart, 1842 )
status

 

Microdon (Microdon) violaceus ( Macquart, 1842)  

Figs 148–150 View FIGURE 148–151

Aphritis violaceus Macquart, 1842: 13  

Type locality and data. “ Chile ” (T, ♂, MNHNP)   .

Material examined. Coquimbo : Hacienda El Mauro ( Fraga, 1937); Valparaíso: Catapilco, 14.XII.1965, Leg. Thompson ( MNHNCL)   ; Quillota , 12.XII.1965; Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)   ; Quebrada Limache , 21.IX.1967, Leg. N. Hichins ( MNHNCL)   ; Mantagua , 17.XII.1967, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 1♂, Rodelillo, 12.X.1967, Leg. NN ( MNHN- CL); Peñablanca, 30.X.1964, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)   ; Marga Marga , 08.I.1980, Leg. Hichins ( MNHNCL)   ; Quebrada Las Palmas , XII.1964, Leg. N. Hichins ( MNHNCL)   ; Cerro La Plata , Lliu Lliu, 18.IX.1969, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)   ; El Salto, 19.XII.1963, Leg. Hichins ( MNHNCL)   ; El Peral, 24.X.1971, Leg. P. Ramírez F ( MZUC)   ; Santo Domingo , 13.XI.1968, Leg. Hichins ( MNHNCL)   ; Metropolitana : Caleu, TilTil, 05.XI.1994, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)   ; Cerro San Cristóbal , X.1885, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)   ; La Obra, 12.XI.1967, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)   ; El Canelo, 16.XI.1952, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)   ; El Manzano, 13.XII.2018, Leg. Rodrigo Barahona Segovia ( PCRBS)   ; Río Colorado , 24.X.1934, Leg. Cerda ( MZUC)   ; Puente El Yeso, 28.XII.1966, Leg. NN ( MEUC)   ; Quebrada de la Plata, 510m, 7.XII.1996, Leg. N. Hichins ( MEUC)   ; Los Queches , Aculeo, X.1964, Leg. L.E. Peña ( MEUC)   ; O’Higgins : Peumo, XI.1952, Leg. E.O.B. ( MZUC)   ; Maule : Las Nieves, Linares, 12.XI.1947, Leg. L.E. Peña ( INIA)   ; Ñuble : Invernada, I.1971, Leg. Ocare ( MEUC)   ; B. Forestal, 15.XII.1992, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)   ; Las Trancas , 26.X.2006, Leg. M. Beeche ( SAG)   ; La Araucanía: Nahuelbuta National Park , 15.I.1978, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL)   ; Traiguen ( Porter, 1927b); Los Ríos: Santo Domingo, 13.XI.1988, Leg. Krahmer ( SAG)   ; Fundo Caupolican , 30.X.1971, Leg. Krahmer ( MNHNCL)   ; Valdivia , 20.X.1971, Leg. E. Krahmer ( UACH)   ; Isla Mancera ( Porter, 1927a)   .

References. Macquart, 1842: 73 (desc.); Blanchard, 1852: 404 (desc.); Philippi, 1865: 733 (desc.); Williston, 1886: 310 (cat.); Reed, 1888: 297 (cat.); Lynch Arribálzaga, 1891: 129 (cat.); Kertész, 1910: 359 (cat.); Porter, 1927a: 83 (notes); Porter, 1927b: 122 (cat.); Porter, 1932: 190 (cat. & notes); Shannon & Aubertin, 1933: 124 (cat.); Mahan, 1935: 288 (desc.); Curran, 1936: 1 (key); Fraga, 1937: 198 (natural history); Curran, 1940: 1 (key); Curran, 1941: 248 (key); Stuardo, 1946: 122 (cat.); Fluke, 1957: 33 (cat.); Etcheverry, 1963: 62 (cat.); Thompson et al., 1976: 46.67 (cat.); Reemer & Ståhls, 2013: 139 (rev.); Marín-Armijos et al., 2017: 172 (cat.).

World distribution. Argentina, Ecuador and Chile.

Chilean distribution. From Coquimbo to Los Ríos region ( Fig. 152 View FIGURE 152 ).

Altitudinal range. From coastal to highland ecosystems (5– 2,500 m.a.s.l.).

Biology. Microdon violaceus   larvae are associated with the native ant genus Camponotus   May. Mahan (1935) describes the complete natural history and breeding habits of the larvae of this species. Males and females have dichoptic eyes ( Fig. 148 View FIGURE 148–151 ). Two types of larvae of this subfamily have been reported in our citizen science program ( Figs 150–151 View FIGURE 148–151 ), suggesting at least one new species of Microdontinae   ( Fig. 151 View FIGURE 148–151 ). New surveys should be conducted in order to improve the knowledge of this group.

Conservation status. LC; EOO = 1,588,091 km 2, AOO = 152 km 2 and 27 localities (or subpopulations).

MNHNP

Museo Nacional de Historia Natural del Paraguay

MZUC

Museo de Zoologia, Universidad de Concepcion

MEUC

Universidad de Chile

INIA

El Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias

SAG

Sammlung von Algenkulturen at Universitat Gottingen

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Syrphidae

Genus

Microdon

Loc

Microdon (Microdon) violaceus ( Macquart, 1842 )

Barahona-Segovia, Rodrigo M., Riera, Pamela, Pañinao-Monsálvez, Laura, Guzmán, Vicente Valdés & Henríquez-Piskulich, Patricia 2021
2021
Loc

Aphritis violaceus

Macquart, J. 1842: 13
1842