Copestylum (Phalacromya) rufoscutellare ( Philippi, 1865 ),

Barahona-Segovia, Rodrigo M., Riera, Pamela, Pañinao-Monsálvez, Laura, Guzmán, Vicente Valdés & Henríquez-Piskulich, Patricia, 2021, Updating the knowledge of the flower flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Chile: Illustrated catalog, extinction risk and biological notes, Zootaxa 4959 (1), pp. 1-178: 92

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4959.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3BAB6920-30AC-410A-995B-BBDA9E2A105D

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4705544

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FD4340-FFE1-1803-FF27-0FA1FC0DFB0A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Copestylum (Phalacromya) rufoscutellare ( Philippi, 1865 )
status

 

Copestylum (Phalacromya) rufoscutellare ( Philippi, 1865) 

Figs 134–135View FIGURES 134–139

Phalacromyia rufoscutellaris Philippi, 1865: 735 

Volucella rufosctellaris Shannon & Aubertin, 1933: 168 

Type locality and data. “ Chile ” (T, A, MNHMCL).

Material examined. Coquimbo: 1♂, Peralillos, Illapel , no date, Leg. P. Ramírez F. ( MEUC)  ; Valparaíso: 1♀, Piscicultura , 11.XI.1963, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; 1♀, Rio Blanco , 1.XII.1957, Leg. Hoffman ( INIA)  ; Metropolitana   : 1♂, Las Condes , 15.XII.1964, Leg. V. Pérez ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Cerro La Provincia , 15.X.1984, Leg. G. Arriagada ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, 1♀, Macul , 27.X.1991, Leg. J  . Herrera ( IEUMCE)  ; 1♀, Peñalolen , 10.XI.1944, Leg. L.E. Peña ( INIA)  ; 1♂, La Obra, 03.XII.1951, Leg. M. Etcheverry ( IEUMCE)  ; 1♂, 2♀, El Canelo, 10.X.1951, Leg. M. Etcheverry ( IEUMCE)  ; San José de Maipo ( Porter 1924)  ; 1♂, Los Queches, Laguna Aculeo , 1964, Leg. L.E. Peña ( MEUC)  .

References. Philippi, 1865: 735 (desc.); Bigot, 1883: 83 (desc.); Williston, 1886: 316 (cat.); Reed, 1888: 300 (cat.); Kertész, 1910: 325 (cat.); Porter, 1924: 98 (cat.); Shannon & Aubertin, 1933: 168 (records); Stuardo, 1946: 129 (cat.); Fluke, 1957: 155 (incertae sedis); Etcheverry, 1963: 104 (cat.); Thompson et al., 1976: 83 (cat.); Camousseight, 2005: 92 (cat.); Marín-Armijos et al., 2017: 169 (cat.).

World distribution. Ecuador and Chile.

Chilean distribution. From Coquimbo to Metropolitan region ( Fig. 144View FIGURE 144).

Altitudinal range. From inland valleys to precordillera ecosystems (300– 2,000 m.a.s.l.).

Biology and notes. Copestylum rufoscutellare  is associated with native flora in the Mediterranean basin of Central Chile. Citizen scientists have observed this species in flowers of Q. saponaria  (Chido Iglesias pers. obs.) and E. chiloensis  (Rodrigo Barahona-Segovia pers. obs.). The species was described from specimens collected in Chile; however, the species was reported for Ecuador by Marín-Armijos et al. (2017) following an old work of Campos (1960). Considering this, new sampling is needed in order to validate the presence of this species in Ecuador. Copestylum rufoscutellare  has lost some historic localities by changes in land-use due to urbanization and croplands in Chile, especially avocado crops. This species is considered EN by the Environmental Ministry of Chile (www.mma.gob.cl/clasificacionespecies).

Conservation status. EN under B1ab (iii) + 2ab (iii) using AOO = 44 km 2 and five historical localities (or subpopulation) remain (originally these were nine); EOO = 13,431 km 2.

MEUC

Universidad de Chile

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

INIA

El Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias

IEUMCE

INSTITUTO DE ENTOMOLOGIA UNIVERSIDAD METROPOLITANA DE CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACION

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Syrphidae

Genus

Copestylum

Loc

Copestylum (Phalacromya) rufoscutellare ( Philippi, 1865 )

Barahona-Segovia, Rodrigo M., Riera, Pamela, Pañinao-Monsálvez, Laura, Guzmán, Vicente Valdés & Henríquez-Piskulich, Patricia 2021
2021
Loc

Volucella rufosctellaris

Shannon, R. C. & Aubertin, D. 1933: 168
1933
Loc

Phalacromyia rufoscutellaris

Philippi, P. I. 1865: 735
1865