Cytospora piceae Fan,

Pan, Meng, Zhu, Hai-Yan, Tian, Cheng-Ming, Alvarez, Lourdes V. & Fan, Xin-Lei, 2018, Cytospora piceae sp. nov. associated with canker disease of Picea crassifolia in China, Phytotaxa 383 (2), pp. 181-196: 188-191

publication ID 10.11646/phytotaxa.383.2.4

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Cytospora piceae Fan


Cytospora piceae Fan  Fig. 3View FIGURE 3

MycoBank 828432

Holotype:— China, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Bole Mongol Autonomous Prefecture , 44°46’13.44”N, 81°13’58.72”E, from branches of Picea crassifolia  , July 2017, C.M. Tian & X.L. Fan, holotype CF 20176561, ex-type living culture CFCC 52841.GoogleMaps 

Etymology:—Named after the host genus on which it was collected, Picea  .

Descriptions:—Asexual state: Conidiomata pycnidial, ostiolated, immersed in bark, scattered, erumpent through the surface of bark when mature. Locules multiple, discoid, circular to ovoid, arranged vesicularly with common walls, (680–)720–1190(–1200) μm (= 945 ± 130 µm, n = 30) in diam. Conceptacle absent. Ectostromatic disc white to light brown, circular, disc dark, (160–)230–290(–310) µm (= 255 ± 36 µm, n = 30) in diam., with one ostiole in the centre of disc. Ostiole conspicuous, circular to ovoid, dark brown to black at the same level as the disc, (65–)70–115(– 130) µm (= 93 ± 17 µm, n = 30) in diam. Conidiophores hyaline, branched at base or not branched, thin walled, filamentous, (12–)13.5–19.5(–20) μm (= 16.5 ± 3 µm, n = 30). Conidiogenous cells enteroblastic, polyphialidic. Conidia hyaline, allantoid, eguttulate, smooth, aseptate, thin-wall, (4.5–)5–5.5(–6) × 1–1.5 µm (= 5.2 ± 0.3 × 1.3 ± 0.1 µm, n = 50). Sexual morph: not observed.

Culture characteristics: Cultures on PDA are initially white, becoming saffron after one week. The colonies are tight, thin with a uniform texture, lacking aerial mycelium, up to 1.8 cm after four weeks. Sterile.

Materials examined: — China, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Bole Mongol Autonomous Prefecture , 44°46’15.32”N, 81°13’57.54”E, from branches of Picea crassifolia  , July 2017, C.M. Tian & X.L. Fan, deposited by X.L. Fan, CF 20176562, living culture CFCC 52842GoogleMaps  .

Notes:— Cytospora piceae  is associated with canker disease of Picea crassifolia  . The phylogenetic inferences resolved this species as a confused clade in ITS phylogram ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1), which was closed to Cytospora friesii  and C. mougeotii  . To clarify this clade, the second analysis indicated this species represented an individual clade with high support value (MP/ML/BI = 100/100/1) based on combined multilocus gene phylogenetic analysis, which was distinguish from other available species ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2). Morphologically, Cytospora piceae  has larger conidia than those of C. friesii  (5–5.5 × 1–1.5 vs. 4–5 × 1 µm), and wider than C. mougeotii  (5–5.5 × 1–1.5 vs. 5–7 × 0.7–1 μm) ( Saccardo 1884). Cytospora piceae  is thus here considered as a novel species.