Zeugomantispa compellens (Walker, 1860)

MACHADO, RENATO JOSÉ PIRES & RAFAEL, JOSÉ ALBERTINO, 2010, Taxonomy of the Brazilian species previously placed in Mantispa Illiger, 1798 (Neuroptera: Mantispidae), with the description of three new species, Zootaxa 2454 (1), pp. 1-61 : 51-55

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https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.2454.1.1

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Zeugomantispa compellens (Walker, 1860)


Zeugomantispa compellens (Walker, 1860) View in CoL

(Figs. 27–28)

Mantispa compellens Walker, 1860: 181 View in CoL ; Penny 1977: 35 (list.); 1982b: 456, Figs. 94–98 (redesc.); Penny & Costa 1983: 680 (redesc.). Type locality: Brazil: Amazon. Syntypes (NHM) not studied.

Necyla uniformis Navás, 1927: 61 View in CoL ; Penny 1977: 36 (list.); 1982a: 217 (cit.); Ohl 2004: 206 (synon.). Type locality: Guatemala. Holotype (or Syntypes) (CN).

Mantispa uniformis View in CoL ; Penny, 1982a: 217. Figs. 18 View FIGURE 18 . (cit.).

Mantispa parvula Penny, 1982b: 458 View in CoL . Figs. 99–103; Penny & Costa 1983: 681 (redesc.); Ohl 2004: 188. (cat.). Type locality: Brazil: Pará: São Félix do Xingu. Holotype male (INPA). (new synonym) studied.

Zeugomantispa compellens View in CoL ; Hoffman, 2002: 273. Figs. 589, 594, 599; Ohl 2004: 206. (cat.); Reynoso-Velasco & Contreras-Ramos 2008: 710 (list.).

Redescription, male. Vertex without a stable color pattern, anterior part generally green, posterior varies among yellow, green, red or brown (Fig. 27c). Specimens stored for a long time generally yellowish. Head, in frontal view, almost completely green except labrum and clypeus pale yellow (Fig. 27a). Some specimens with central longitudinal red or reddish brown stripe beginning between antennae and ending at labrum, generally bifurcate towards antennae. Mandible apex reddish brown, other mouthparts pale yellow. Antenna with scape green to light brown ventrally and reddish brown dorsally. Pedicel reddish brown, and flagellum dark brown (Fig. 27a). yellow spot at posteriorly (Fig. 27c). Pteronotum: without a stable color pattern, generally green with some yellow or brown spots in sutures and near wing base (Fig. 27c). Metanotum generally slightly light. Both scutella green to yellow with central brown spot (Fig. 27c) and with 2–8 pores each one. Pteropleura green (Fig. 27b). Specimens stored for a long time generally with some yellowish spots.

Foreleg: coxa yellow to green. Trochanter pale yellow. Femur pale yellow to green (Fig. 27e, f), some specimens with brown spot on anterior surface, around base of basal spine. Tibia with base green and remainder pale yellow, same color as tarsomeres. Mid and hindlegs green on basal half of tibiae; remainder pale yellow. Coxae dark in some specimens (Fig. 27b). Tarsal claws with three or four teeth.

Forewing: length: 7.7–11.7 mm, 4–7 costal crossveins and 8–10 veins extended posteriorly from RP. Hyaline, except cell 1AP apex light brown to yellow. Pterostigma reddish brown to red. Veins dark brown, except AA, AP1, AP2, CuA and base of CuP green. RA, C and Sc with base green and apex same color as pterostigma (Fig. 27f). Hindwing: 5–6 costal crossveins and 8–11 veins extended posteriorly from RP. Color pattern similar to forewing, except cell 1AP apex hyaline and MP base green (Fig. 27f).

Abdomen reddish brown, except for small green spots and yellow central spots dorsally and ventrally. Pleura green. Pores in membranes between tergites III–V. These membranes completely divided into two distinct patches. Each group with 3–5 pores ( Fig. 28a View FIGURE 28 ).

Terminalia: ectoproct subtriangular, with 19–35 stout setae on ventromedial lobe ( Fig. 28b View FIGURE 28 ). Sternite IX subpentagonal and with small rounded lobe at posterior border in ventral view ( Fig. 28c View FIGURE 28 ). Gonarcus median lobe short and rounded ( Fig. 28d, e View FIGURE 28 ). Gonarcus with constant width in lateral view ( Fig. 28g View FIGURE 28 ). Gonocoxite apex large in ventral and lateral views ( Fig. 28f View FIGURE 28 ). Mediuncus with base wider in lateral and ventral views and with apex bifurcate ( Fig. 28f, g View FIGURE 28 ). Gonarcal membrane without group of spinules ( Fig. 28f, g View FIGURE 28 ). Pseudopenal membrane with small scales on dorsal surface ( Fig. 28f View FIGURE 28 ). Hypomere irregularly shaped with small granules ( Fig. 28f, g View FIGURE 28 ).

Female. Similar to male, except for forewing length: 7.9–14.1 mm, 6–7 costal crossveins and 7–10 veins extended posteriorly from RP, hindwing with 7–11 veins extended posteriorly from RP.

Terminalia: ectoproct as long as gonocoxite ( Fig. 28k View FIGURE 28 ). Sternite VIII, in ventral view, very reduced and usually covered by sternite VII ( Fig. 28i View FIGURE 28 ). Spermathecal duct coiled and wide distally ( Fig. 28j View FIGURE 28 ) Fertilization canal narrow, capsule covered by minuscule setae, except at canal base ( Fig. 28h View FIGURE 28 ).

Geographical data. Neotropical, with records from Mexico to Brazil ( Penny & Costa 1983; Hoffman 2002; Ohl 2004; Reynoso-Velasco & Contreras-Ramos 2008). There are many records from several states in Brazil ( Penny & Costa 1983).

Bionomy. Specimens may be collected at any time of year. Nothing is known about its biology.

Discussion. Mantispa parvula was described by Penny (1982b) based in one pair of specimens from Pará state. Holotype male is deposited at INPA collection, in bad condition; there is only part of the cleared abdomen, preserved in a micro vial with glycerin; and allotype female deposited at the MPEG collection. We analised the abdominal pores of the holotype with high definition images of the allotype, and conclude that M. parvula and Z. compellens are the same species, the oldest name that prevails is Z. compellens .

In Penny’s (1982b) study the description and illustration of M. compellens did not mention the hypomere. However, it is present and is easily seen.

Type material: Holotype male: Brazil: Moyen, Xingu, Bresil, Mission M-Boulard, J. Jauffrete et P. Pompanon, Museum Paris/ São Félix do Xingu , 29–30.ix.1975 / Museum Paris/ Holótipo Mantispa parvula Penny / NEUROP. 061–INPA . Allotype female: Pará, Gorotite Xingu, 14.xi.1977, D. A. Posey/ Alótipo Mantispa parvula Penny –MPEG.

Other material examined: Brazil: Roraima: Pacaraima , 04°29’42’’N – 61°07’28’’W, x.2004, luz (1 ♀ – INPA) GoogleMaps ; Amazonas: Barcelos: Igarapé Erere / Coruja , 0º06’16’’N – 63º01’51’’W, vi.2008, luz (1 ♀ – INPA) GoogleMaps ; Rio Urubu , 02°10’S – 59°48’W, ix.1982, luz (1 ♀ – INPA) GoogleMaps ; Am 010 Km 246, vii.1979, luz 40m, Mantispa compellens Walker , det. N. D. Penny 1981 (1 ♀, 3?– INPA) ; Manaus, Silvicultura, BR-174 Km 43, iv.2003, luz (1 ♂ – INPA) ; R[eserva] Ducke , iv.1990 (1 ♂ – INPA) ; iii.1977, Mantispa flavomaculata Latreille , det.

N.D.Penny 1982 (1 ♀ – INPA); ZF-2, torre 40 m, 02°35’21’’S – 60°06’55’’W, i. ix–x.2004, luz (3 ♂, 2 ♀ – INPA) GoogleMaps ;

h, fertilization canal; i, sternite VIII and posterior border of sternite VII, ventral view; j, spermatheca; k, terminalia, lateral view. Membrane (mbn), pore (po), sternite (stn). Scale = 0.1 mm, except for a.

x.2003 (1 ♂, 1 ♀ – INPA) ; xi.2005, luz móvel (1 ♂ – INPA); Presidente Figueiredo, BR-174 Km 185, 01°26’21’’S – 60°18’04’’W GoogleMaps , i.2006 (1 ♂ – INPA); Estr [ada] para Balbina Km-24, 02°35’21’’S – 60°06’55’’W GoogleMaps , x.2003 (1 ♀ – INPA) ; x.2008, luz (2 ♂, 1 ♀ – INPA); Itacoatiara, Madereira MIL, 02°45’10’’S – 58°39’11’’W GoogleMaps , xi– xii.2005, luminosa móvel (5 ♂, 4 ♀ – INPA); Pará: Belo Monte: Rod. [ovia] Transamazônica: Rio Xingu , 03º05’52’’S – 51º41’31’’W GoogleMaps , iv.2008, Luz (2 ♂ – INPA); Rondônia: Vilhena, 12°46’55’’S – 60°22’18’’W GoogleMaps , iv.2006 (2 ♂, 1 ♀ – INPA); Ouro Preto do Oeste , INPA/CEPLAC, 10°43’00’’S – 62°14’45’’W GoogleMaps , iv.2006 (1 ♂, 1 ♀ – INPA); Guaporé, 12°13’19’’S – 60°32’44’’W GoogleMaps , iv.2006 (1 ♀ – INPA); Minas Gerais: Caratinga: Estação Biológica de Caratinga , i–ii.2003 (1 ♂ – DZUP); Bahia: Cachoeira Faz. Vila Rial, 14°36’23’’S – 38°53’47’’W GoogleMaps , v.2007, luz (3 ♂, 2 ♀ – INPA); Espírito Santo: Linhares: Res [erva] Vale Rio Doce : sede, 19°09’05’’S – 40°04’10’’W GoogleMaps , v.2007, luz (1 ♀ – INPA); Rio de Janeiro: Jussaral , x.1935 (1 ♀ – MNRJ); Rio de Janeiro: Jardim Botânico , vi.1936 (1 ♀ – MNRJ); Paraná: Morretes : IAPAR , vii–viii.1984, luminosa (2 ♀ – DZUP) .


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia


Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure


Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro














Zeugomantispa compellens (Walker, 1860)


Zeugomantispa compellens

Reynoso-Velasco, D. & Contreras-Ramos, A. 2008: 710
Ohl, M. 2004: 206
Hoffman, K. M. 2002: 273

Mantispa uniformis

Penny, N. D. 1982: 217

Mantispa parvula

Ohl, M. 2004: 188
Penny, N. D. & Costa, C. A. da 1983: 681
Penny, N. D. 1982: 458

Necyla uniformis Navás, 1927: 61

Ohl, M. 2004: 206
Penny, N. D. 1977: 36
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