Capnia khingana Teslenko,

Teslenko, Valentina A., 2019, A new species of Capnia (Plecoptera: Capniidae) from Lesser Khingan Range (Amur River Basin, Far East of Russia), Zootaxa 4674 (4), pp. 463-470: 464-469

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.4674.4.5

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Capnia khingana Teslenko

sp. n.

Capnia khingana Teslenko  sp. n.

( Figs 1–10View FIGURES 1–2View FIGURES 3–6View FIGURES 7–10)

Material examined. Holotype male: Amurskaya oblast’, Khinganskiy State Nature Reserve ( KSNR), Olochi River , upstream, 49°06.559 N 130°39.222 E, Mutnaya R. Basin, Amur River Basin , 14.03.2018, coll. I. Balan & D. Kochetkov ( FSC EATB FEB RAS)GoogleMaps  . Paratypes: 15 males, 21 females, the same locality and date ( FSC EATB FEB RAS)GoogleMaps  . Additional material: 5 males, 5 females, Amurskaya oblast’, KSNR, Eracta River, upstream, 49°05.571 N 130°35.465 E, Mutnaya River Basin, Amur River Basin, 16.03.2018, coll. I. Balan & D. Kochetkov; 18 males, 9 females, Amurskaya oblast’, KSNR, Pereval’nyi Stream, upstream of Olochi River, 49°07.155 N 130°40.126 E, 13.03.2018, coll. I. Balan & D. Kochetkov.GoogleMaps 

Description. General color brown, darkly sclerotized ( Figs. 1View FIGURES 1–2, 3View FIGURES 3–6 ˗6). Wings brachypterous, hyaline, covered with tiny dark setae; margins brownish with long colorless bristles, the longest bristles arranged along edges of the radial and anal fields ( Fig. 2View FIGURES 1–2). Forewing brownish and darker than hindwing, veins dark brown and with small black setae evenly distributed along entire length of the crossveins. R1 of forewing typical of Capnia  , bent upward at its origin; 1A slightly curved at its junction with cu-a. Hind wing mostly pale, veins slightly brownish, weakly recognisable, with sparse small black setae; but R, trace of Cu and three A veins are visible ( Fig. 2View FIGURES 1–2). Palpi, head, pronotum, meso- and metanotum, legs dark brown. Mesothoracic sclerite ( Fig. 3View FIGURES 3–6) from ventral view features with narrow spinasternum, not fused with prothoracic postfurcasternum (PPfs) and large basisternum (Bs); presternum (Prs) median-sized, elliptical, not fused with basisternum; furcasternum (Fs) subtriangular, fused with basisternum, furcasternal arms (Fsa) and furcasternal pit (Fsp); postfurcasternum (Pfs) divided into two lateral, subtriangular sclerites, which not fused with others; katepisternum (Kes) separated from basisternum, and trochantin (Tn). Cercus slender and hairy, each segment enlarged distally, cercal chaetotaxy similar in male and female: apical whorl comprises a set of acute bristles, lengths of acute bristles slightly exceeding length of a cercal segment; intercalary setae shorter than acute bristles ( Figs. 1View FIGURES 1–2, 4View FIGURES 3–6, 9View FIGURES 7–10). Pilosity generally long and colorless ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1–2).

Male. Body length of males 3.4 – 5.0 mm. Wings short ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1–2), length not exceeding 2.1 mm. Tergum VII enlarged, heavy sclerotized, anterior margin with a notch in the middle, edges rounded; the posterior margin extending backward and upward, forming a darkly sclerotized posteromedial process with a pair of small and short rounded lobes, covered with sensilla basiconica; the posterolateral edges swollen and drawn back ( Figs 5, 6View FIGURES 3–6). Tergum VIII with triangular antero-middle membranous field, dividing tergum into two swollen lobes, covered with long, setae posteriorly ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 3–6). Terga IX – X deeply cleft, with medial membranous areas. Epiproct with two limbs appressed to each at base. The basal portion of epiproct fused with main epiproctal sclerite and covered with setae ( Figs. 4View FIGURES 3–6, 7, 8View FIGURES 7–10). Paired triangular heavy sclerotized laterobasal sclerite divided from the main epiproctal sclerite ( Figs. 4, 5View FIGURES 3–6). Main epiproct sclerite or upper limb, large, bivalve, oval, prolonged, and divided entire length into two parts, each part wider basocaudally, than apically, reaching posterior or posterolateral margins of tergum VI, split in dorsal view ( Figs. 1View FIGURES 1–2, 4View FIGURES 3–6); each lateral edge slightly trust inward and bearing short setae, forming transversal setal rows ( Figs. 5View FIGURES 3–6, 8View FIGURES 7–10); apex rounded and curved inward ( Figs. 5View FIGURES 3–6, 8View FIGURES 7–10). Main epiproct sclerite connected with an eversible crest developed in a pair of membranous folds conspicuous dorsoapically; each fold scoop-shaped, contorted similarly as main epiproctal sclerite; each tip of eversible crest papilliform, slightly longer than the main sclerite and covered inside with thin and relatively long sensor setae ( Figs. 5View FIGURES 3–6, 8View FIGURES 7–10). Membranous folds of eversible crest surround a lower portion (or lower limb) of the main epiproctal sclerite appearing as horizontal, long, narrow, moderately sclerotized shallow gutter, ending with vertical triangular process, and inner sclerite. Inner sclerite arranged on inner edge of triangular process and arising from small, shallow depression of the low limb, and appears as a weakly sclerotized hook curved upward then downward with a wide and blunt apex ( Fig. 8View FIGURES 7–10); hook arches above the abdomen in lateral view ( Fig. 4View FIGURES 3–6); in dorsal view, inner sclerite with a elongated and rounded apex, extending forward of the membranous apices of an eversible crest and the main epiproctal sclerite (or upper limb) ( Figs. 5, 6View FIGURES 3–6). Subgenital plate spade-shaped, mesoposterior margin with a small rectangular tip, indented laterally; ventral vesicle absent ( Fig. 7View FIGURES 7–10). Fusion plate inverted teardrop shaped, hidden under the paraprocts; retractoral plate appears as small sclerotized sclerite with sharp apex appearing through mesoposterior part of the subgenital plate in ventral view ( Fig. 7View FIGURES 7–10). Paraprocts rhombshaped, prolonged, each anterior corner dilated and rounded ( Fig. 7View FIGURES 7–10). Cerci 12 segmented.

Female. Body length 4.6–5.6 mm. Wings short, length 2.5 – 4.5 mm. Abdominal terga I – VIII with broad lon- gitudinal membranous areas along the midline; terga IX and X fully sclerotized. Subgenital plate triangular with rounded posterior margin, slightly overhanging sternum IX. A pair of lateral sclerites subtriangularly shaped, covered with long colorless hairs, posterior edges rounded, not exceed the length of sternum VIII. A pair of small, oval and prolonged anterior sclerites located above subgenital plate ( Fig. 9View FIGURES 7–10). Subgenital plate unevenly pigmented, lateral sclerites darker than posteromedial portion of plate ( Figs. 9 – 10View FIGURES 7–10). Cerci 16 segmented.

Diagnosis. Brachypterous in both sexes, wings covered with tiny dark setae and wing margins with long colorless bristles. Forewing brownish, veins dark brown with small black setae along the entire length. Epiproct consists of two limbs. Main epiproctal sclerite (or upper limb) large, oval, prolonged, and divided the entire length, each lateral edge thrust inward and bearing short setae; apex curved inward. An eversible crest resembles a pair of membranous scoop-shaped folds contorted in a similar pattern as the main epiproctal sclerite, papilliform at the tip, and longer than the main sclerite. Lower limb long, narrow, with a shallow gutter, ending with vertical triangular process and a unique weakly sclerotized inner sclerite which arranged on the inner edge of triangular process, and resembles a hook with wide and blunt apex; the hook arches above the abdomen. Subgenital plate spade-shaped, mesoposterior margin with a small rectangular tip, indented laterally, ventral vesicle absent. Subgenital plate of female triangular, rounded posteriorly.

Affinities. In general, morphological characters of C. khingana  fit the concept of Capnia  sensu stricto ( Murányi et al. 2014). However, the katepisternum on mesothoracic sclerite is separated from the basisternum. This feature, as well as the form of the lower limb of the epiproct, indicates a similarity with the Nearctic genus Allocapnia Claassen, 1928  ( Murányi et al. 2014). Agreeing with the structure of the epiproct, and the presence of the posteromedial process on male tergum VII, C. khingana  may be tentatively assigned to the C. atra  species group ( Zhiltzova 2001). However, the weakly sclerotized inner sclerite located at the inner side of vertical triangular process of the lower limb of the epiproct and other features mentioned in diagnosis, readily distinguish C. khingana  males from all congeners and are unique among all known Capniidae  . No closely related species are indicated based on external morphology.

Distribution. The Lesser Khingan (Xiao Hinggan Range, Chinese) mountain Range occupies the Far East of Russia and northeastern part of Heilongjiang Province of China. The Range has a northwest-southeast axis and is located to the southwest of the Amur River (Heilong Jiang). The Russian part of Lesser Khingan is in the Amurskaya Obast’ and the Jewish Autonomous Region and is separated from the Chinese portion by the Amur River Gorge ( Fig. 11View FIGURE 11). The Lesser Khingan was until Quaternary times a part of the great intermontane trough formed by the Northeast (Manchurian) and Zeya-Bureya River plains. The topographic relief consists generally of rounded ridges that are not steep. The length of the Lesser Khingan is about 500 km with a elevational range of 500 – 1000 m, with most of the range below 600 m. The mountains are forested, mostly consisting of larch and birch in the north and of mixed broad-leaved and coniferous forests (cedar, spruce, yew, birch, elm, and larch) in the south. Within the limits of the Lesser Khingan, the Khinganskiy State Nature Reserve in Russia and the Reserve Fenglin in China have been established. Adults of C. khingana  were collected from the upper reaches of the Olochi River and Perval’nyi Stream ( Figs. 12, 13View FIGURES 12–13) and the Eracta River, which are the tributaries of the Mutnaya River, flowing down from the spurs of the Lesser Khingan Mountains into the Amur River. Adults were found crawling on the ice and snow within 100 m near unfrozen sections of rivers mentioned above.

Etymology. This species is named after the Khingan Range.


Fredericton Stock Culture Collection