Stigmatophora (Stigmatophora) palmata ( Moore, 1878 )

Volynkin, Anton V., Huang, Si-Yao & Dubatolov, Vladimir V., 2021, A review of the Stigmatophora palmata (Moore, 1878) species-group (Lepidoptera Erebidae: Arctiinae) with description of a new species from China, Zootaxa 4999 (3), pp. 243-257: 246-247

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4999.3.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:26F32ABD-1AF7-4ACB-A6F1-32F3B32150A5

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5119022

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/061E7B67-FFBA-FFBD-E184-66B9FB4E6458

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Stigmatophora (Stigmatophora) palmata ( Moore, 1878 )
status

 

Stigmatophora (Stigmatophora) palmata ( Moore, 1878)  

( Figs 1–5 View FIGURES 1–7 , 24, 25 View FIGURES 24–27 , 32 View FIGURES 32–37 )

Lyclene palmata Moore, 1878   , Proceedings of the general meetings for scientific business of the Zoological Society of London , 1878: 31, pl. 3, fig. 5 (Type locality (determined herein, see remarks below): [Northern India, Himachal Pradesh] “ Dharmsala N.W. Himalaya ”).

Type material examined. Lectotype (hereby designated) ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1–7 ): female, “ Dharmsala N.W. Himalaya ♀ ” (upper side) | “ Lyclene palmata   type Moore ” (under side) / red ring “ Type ” label / “Moore Coll. 94-106” / “Photographed for Taiwan Macrolepidoptera Type Specimen & Literature Digital Archive Project by SH Yen”, QR-code label with an NHMUK unique number: 010606139 ( NHMUK).  

Additional material examined. PAKISTAN: 1 male, 2 females, Margalla Hills , 600m, 20 km N Islamabad, Pir Sohawa, 33°50´N 72°55´E, 29–31.VII.1994, leg. B. Herczig, Gy. M. László & G. Ronkay ( MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, Margalla Hills , Pir Sohawa, 1000m, 33°49´N 73°08´E, 25.VII.1998, leg. G. Csorba & L. Ronkay ( MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 female, the same locality, but 21.VIII.1997, leg. Gy. Fábián & G. Ronkay ( MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 4 males, Kohistan , Swat Prov., 35°10´N 72°32´E, Miandam, 1800m, 25. VI.–5.VII.1992, leg. Z. Weidenhoffer ( MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 female, Himalaya Mts , Kashmir, Nara, 20 km S Muzaffarabad, 750m, 34°4´N 73°29’E, 12.IX.1997, leg. Gy. Fábián & G. Ronkay ( MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, NW-Frontier, 15 km SW of Murree , 790m, 3.VIII.1998, leg. Tibor Csővari & László Mikus ( MWM / ZSM)   ; 4 males, NW Pakistan, Prov. Swat , 35°70´N 71°90´E, Madyan, 1400m, 19. VI.–4.VII.1971, leg. Vartian, gen. prep. No.: MWM 31399 View Materials (prepared by Volynkin) ( MWM / ZSM)   ; NEPAL:

4 males, 1 female, Milke Danda, Nesum , 1500 m, 21.VIII.2000, leg. Csővari & Hreblay, gen. prep. No.: MWM 31395 View Materials (prepared by Volynkin) ( MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 male, 1 female, Milke Danda, Gursa , 2100 m, 22.VIII.2000, leg. Csővari & Hreblay ( MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 female, Tanahoun distr., Baisakhe Ghat , 10 km W Duleguunda, 630 m, 10.X.1994, leg. Csorba & Ronkay ( MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 male, Syangja district , 14 km E Syangja, 1150m, 25.VII.1995, No. 109, leg. Csorba ( MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 male, Nepal, Tanahoun distr., Bimalnager village , 530 m, 12.X.1994, leg. Csorba & Ronkay ( MWM / ZSM)   ; INDIA: 2 males, Indes orient., Trichinopoly , R. P.J. Castets, QR-code label with unique number NHMUK010606141 View Materials , gen. prep. No.: NHMUK010313558 View Materials (prepared by Volynkin) ( NHMUK)   ; 1 female, Kangra ( Hocking ), 83-26, QR-code label with unique number NHMUK010606140 View Materials , gen. prep. No.: NHMUK010313559 View Materials (prepared by Volynkin) ( NHMUK)   ; 1 female, Travancore ( NHMUK)   ; 1 female, Assam, 5000 ft., Shillong , 12.X.1924, Fletcher coll. ( NHMUK)   ; 1 male, Assam, Pan Bari Reserve Forest , 27°08’N, 94°00’E, 4–7.VII.1997, leg. Sinyaev & Murzin ( MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, 1 female, Assam, Kaziranga Wild Life, Pan Bari Reserve Forest , 26°45’N, 93°10’E, 100 m, 12–21.XI.1997, leg. V. Sinyaev & M. Murzin (Coll. MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, Assam, Nameri Nat. Park , 40 km N Tezpur, 150 m, 27°20’N, 93°15’E, 24.VII–2.VIII.1997, leg. Sinyaev & Murzin, gen. prep. No.; MWM 31473 View Materials (prepared by Volynkin) ( MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; MYANMAR: 2 males, 21 km E Putao Nan Sa Bon village 550 m, 1–5. V.1998, leg. Murzin & Sinyaev ( MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 male, 25 km E Putao, env. Nan Sa Bon village , 800 m, 6–9. V.1998, leg. Murzin & Sinyaev ( MWM / ZSM)   ; CHINA: 1 male, Pailong Village, Linzhi County, Linzhi Division , Xizang Autonomous Region, P. R. China , 2130 m, 30.VII.2017, leg. Si-yao Huang, Shu-qin Ji, Fu-hong Wei and Shi-fang Mo ( SCAU)   ; 1 male, Baihualing, Mt. Gaoligong, Baoshan City , Yunnan Province, P. R. China , 1400 m, 26. VI. 2018, leg. Tiantian Yu, Zhou Chang & Zhi-wei Dong ( SCAU)   ; THAILAND: 1 female, Chiang Rai, 1090m, road 1200, 19°18´39´´N 99°21´47´´E, 28. V.2011, leg. K. Černý ( CKC) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, 1 female, Tak [Prov.], Doi Mussoe , 821m, 16°45.317´N 98°55.438´E, 11–12.XI.2010, leg. K. Černý, gen. prep. Nos.: AV2879 (male), AV2880 (female) (prepared by Volynkin) ( CKC) GoogleMaps   ; VIETNAM: 1 female, Muong-Khuong, Prov. Laokay, Upper Tonkin , 900–1000m ( NHMUK)   ; 1 male, 2 females, Mt. Fan-si-pan, Cha pa, 1700 m NN (22°15´N 103°46´E) VI.1994, leg. Sinyaev & nat. coll. ( MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, 1600 m, Mt. Fan-si-pan (North), Cha-pa , primary forest, 22°17´N, 103°44´E, 25–30.III.1995, leg. V. Sinyaev & A. Schintlmeister (Coll. MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, 900m, Tam Dao , VI. 1986, 75 km N Hanoi, lg. J. Razowski ( MWM / ZSM)   ; 1 male, 1 female, 1200m, Tuan-Giao ( Road Lai chou to Hanoi) (21°35´N 103°25’E), 5–10.XI.1994, secondary vegetation, leg. Sinyaev ( MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 female, Yen Bai-An-chi, 21°42´N 104°18´E, primary forest, V.1996, coll. Schintlmeister ( MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, Bao Loc (sec. forest), Rung Cat Tien , 1500 m (11°32´N 107°48´E), 10–20.XII.1992, leg. Sinyaev & Simonov ( MWM / ZSM) GoogleMaps   .

Remarks. 1. In the original description, Moore (1878) cited the type locality as “N.E. Bengal”, whereas the only specimen labeled as “Type” and housed in NHMUK has the label “Dharmsala N.W. Himalaya”. However, the underside of this geographic label is the type label definitely handwritten by Moore (“ Lyclene palmata   type Moore”), and the specimen has the forewing pattern very similar to that of the moth on the original painting ( Moore 1878: pl. 3, fig. 5). For this reason we consider the specimen as a true type. ICZN (1999) does not prescribe how to proceed in such cases therefore we can only make an assumption that Moore made a mistake in the original description. 2. Moore (1878) described only a female of the species but did not mention the number of specimens what makes an existence of female syntypes probable. In order to stabilize the nomenclature and avoid a probable confusion with S. inanis   also distributed in the Himalayas, we hereby designate the specimen labeled as ‘Type’ and housed in NHMUK as lectotype. Following the article 76.2 of ICZN (1999), we hereby determine the type locality of the species as “Dharmsala, N.W. Himalaya” in accordance with the lectotype’s label.

Diagnosis. The forewing length is 13–14 mm in males and 14–16 mm in females. The species is very similar to S. hainanensis   but can be distinguished by its somewhat deeper yellow postmedial and subterminal areas with slightly wider longitudinal black streaks. In the male genitalia of S. palmata   , the subbasal section of the valva is slightly wider, the medial section is wider, the tip of the valva is wider and more rounded than in S. hainanensis   , and the distal saccular process is thicker (the thickest in the species-group). The vesica of S. palmata   is conspicuously narrower than in S. hainanensis   and bears a smaller subbasal cluster of cornuti. The female genitalia of S. palmata   differ from those of S. hainanensis   by the markedly less elongate ductus bursae and the narrower corpus bursae.

Distribution. The species is known from North and Northeast India (Uttarakhand, Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam and Meghalaya) ( Moore 1878; Smetacek 2008; Kirti & Singh 2015), Nepal ( Kishida 1995), North Myanmar (Kachin State), China (Xizang and Yunnan Provinces), North and West Thailand (Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai, Tak and Uthai Thani Provinces) ( Černý & Pinratana 2009, as S. hainanensis   ), North Laos ( Kishida 2020, as S. hainanensis   ) and Vietnam. The records for the Chinese provinces of Zhejiang ( Daniel 1951) and Guangdong ( Kishida 2011; Dubatolov et al. 2012) belong to S. danieli   . The specimen without label data illustrated by Fang (2000: pl. I, fig. 5) as S. palmata   also belongs to S. danieli   but, however, records for different provinces of China (Jiangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan and Xizang) published in the monograph require clarification.

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Arctiidae

Genus

Stigmatophora

Loc

Stigmatophora (Stigmatophora) palmata ( Moore, 1878 )

Volynkin, Anton V., Huang, Si-Yao & Dubatolov, Vladimir V. 2021
2021
Loc

Lyclene palmata

Moore 1878
1878