Hyphantrophaga osvaldoespinozai Fleming & Wood

Fleming, AJ, Wood, D. Monty, Smith, M. Alex, Dapkey, Tanya, Hallwachs, Winnie & Janzen, Daniel, 2019, Twenty-two new species in the genus Hyphantrophaga Townsend (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste, with a key to the species of Mesoamerica, Biodiversity Data Journal 7, pp. 29553-29553 : 29553

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.7.e29553

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A13FD7BA-D8FA-4F9D-9B80-C918AFF62851

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/E78E0490-A791-42D4-8874-1D62E818C94E

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:E78E0490-A791-42D4-8874-1D62E818C94E

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Hyphantrophaga osvaldoespinozai Fleming & Wood
status

sp. n.

Hyphantrophaga osvaldoespinozai Fleming & Wood   ZBK   sp. n.

Materials

Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0010389 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Eilyn Camacho; individualID: DHJPAR0010389; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAS220-06, 06-SRNP-16192, BOLD:AAD2740; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaosvaldoespinozai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: osvaldoespinozai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Camino Bahia Hachal; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Camino Bahia Hachal; verbatimElevation: 5; verbatimLatitude: 10.758; verbatimLongitude: -85.6086; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.758; decimalLongitude: -85.6086; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Noctuidae, Diastema morata; verbatimEventDate: 26-Jul-2006; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0007478 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros; individualID: DHJPAR0007478; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT250-06, 97-SRNP-10178, BOLD:AAD2740; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaosvaldoespinozai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: osvaldoespinozai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Presa; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Presa; verbatimElevation: 180; verbatimLatitude: 10.758; verbatimLongitude: -85.6086; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.758; decimalLongitude: -85.6086; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Noctuidae, Diastematigris; verbatimEventDate: 15-Dec-1997; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0007476 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros; individualID: DHJPAR0007476; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT248-06, 97-SRNP-9721, BOLD:AAD2740; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaosvaldoespinozai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: osvaldoespinozai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Bejuco; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Bejuco; verbatimElevation: 180; verbatimLatitude: 10.758; verbatimLongitude: -85.6086; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.758; decimalLongitude: -85.6086; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Noctuidae, Diastematigris; verbatimEventDate: 20-Nov-1997; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0010244 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Dionis Rivera; individualID: DHJPAR0010244; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAS075-06, 06-SRNP-16266, BOLD:AAD2740; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaosvaldoespinozai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: osvaldoespinozai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Estacion Junquillal; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Estacion Junquillal; verbatimElevation: 5; verbatimLatitude: 10.758; verbatimLongitude: -85.6086; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.758; decimalLongitude: -85.6086; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Noctuidae, Diastema morata; verbatimEventDate: 07-Jul-2006; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0007479 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Roberto Espinosa; individualID: DHJPAR0007479; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT251-06, 04-SRNP-14794, BOLD:AAD2740; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaosvaldoespinozai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: osvaldoespinozai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Finca Jenny; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Finca Jenny; verbatimElevation: 205; verbatimLatitude: 10.758; verbatimLongitude: -85.6086; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.758; decimalLongitude: -85.6086; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Noctuidae, Diastematigris; verbatimEventDate: 06-Nov-2004; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0010306 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Guillermo Pereira; individualID: DHJPAR0010306; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAS137-06, 06-SRNP-16246, BOLD:AAD2740; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaosvaldoespinozai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: osvaldoespinozai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Camino Bahia Hachal; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Camino Bahia Hachal; verbatimElevation: 5; verbatimLatitude: 10.758; verbatimLongitude: -85.6086; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.758; decimalLongitude: -85.6086; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Noctuidae, Diastema morata; verbatimEventDate: 12-Jul-2006; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0007477 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros; individualID: DHJPAR0007477; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT249-06, 97-SRNP-9719, BOLD:AAD2740; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaosvaldoespinozai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: osvaldoespinozai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Bejuco; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Bejuco; verbatimElevation: 180; verbatimLatitude: 10.758; verbatimLongitude: -85.6086; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.758; decimalLongitude: -85.6086; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Noctuidae, Diastematigris; verbatimEventDate: 14-Nov-1997; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0022959 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros; individualID: DHJPAR0022959; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAW123-08, 94-SRNP-3920, BOLD:AAD2740; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaosvaldoespinozai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: osvaldoespinozai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Tanquetas; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Tanquetas; verbatimElevation: 295; verbatimLatitude: 10.758; verbatimLongitude: -85.6086; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.758; decimalLongitude: -85.6086; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Noctuidae, Diastematigris; verbatimEventDate: 07-Aug-1994; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0007274 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & gusaneros; individualID: DHJPAR0007274; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT046-06, 87-SRNP-654,; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaosvaldoespinozai; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: osvaldoespinozai; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Bosque San Emilio; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Bosque San Emilio; verbatimElevation: 300; verbatimLatitude: 10.758; verbatimLongitude: -85.6086; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.758; decimalLongitude: -85.6086; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Noctuidae, Diastematigris; verbatimEventDate: 10-Nov-1987; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps  

Description

Male (Fig. 23). Length: 6-7 mm. Head (Fig. 23b): vertex 1/5 of head width; one pair of reclinate upper orbital setae; ocellar setae arising behind anterior ocellus; ocellar triangle silver (slight gold tinge present but overall concolorous with fronto-orbital plate); fronto-orbital plate shiny silver and sparsely setulose, setulae not extending below lowest frontal seta; parafacial silver and bare; facial ridge bare; eye densely haired; pedicel brownish-black with some orange, concolorous with postpedicel; arista brown, very minutely pubescent, distinctly thickened on basal 1/3-1/4; palpus yellow, slender and haired apically. Thorax (Fig. 23a, c): dull brassy-grey tomentose dorsally, grey tomentose laterally; densely covered in black setulae along anterior and lateral surfaces, dorsally with dense dark setulae interspersed amongst macrosetae; four prominent dorsal vittae, outermost two broken across suture, innermost pair unbroken across suture, extending to 2nd postsutural dorsocentral seta; postpronotum with three setae arranged in a triangle; chaetotaxy: acrostichal setae 3:3; dorsocentral setae 3:4; intra-alar setae 2:3; supra-alar setae 2:3; 2-3 katepisternal setae, basal seta, when present, extremely weak and anterior to suture; lateral scutellar setae less than 1/2 as long as subapical setae, curving inwards medially, as long as subapical setae; apical scutellar setae subequal in length to basal scutellar setae crossed apically; one pair of discal scutellar setae more widely set than apical setae; scutellum concolorous with scutum. Legs (Fig. 23c): dark reddish-brown to black in ground colour; fore femur with dense silver tomentum on posterodorsal surface; hind coxa setose. Wing (Fig. 23a, c): pale translucent, hyaline, not distinctly infuscate; vein R4+5 with only 2-3 setulae at base. Abdomen (Fig. 23a, c): ground colour black; mid-dorsal depression on ST1+2 reaching hind margin; median marginal setae on ST1+2 weak to absent, present on T3; a complete row of marginal setae present on T4; discal setae present on T3-T5, although these can at times appear weak, they are still distinct from abdominal setulae; sex patch absent; distinct brassy-grey tomentum covering all but posterior margin of T3; T3-T4 with darkened patches dorsolaterally, these more concolorous with ST1+2; T5 with brassy-grey tomentum throughout. Terminalia (Fig. 23d, e, f): sternite 5 (Fig. 23f) with a deeply excavated median cleft, smoothly U-shaped, with two smaller lobes inside median cleft. Lateral lobes of sternite pointed apically, with 3-4 strong setae surrounded by many shorter, weaker setulae. Anterior plate of sternite 5 from subequal to slightly shorter than apical lobes, unsclerotised window narrow and rectangular, 2X as wide as median cleft. Cerci in posterior view (Fig. 23d) subrectangular and slightly shorter than surstyli, blunt and squared at apex, completely separate medially, slightly divergent apically; in lateral view with a strong downward curve in apical 1/3, slightly lobed at tip; densely setulose along basal 2/3 dorsally, setulose ventrally along entire length (visible in lateral view). Surstylus in lateral view (Fig. 23e) almost parallel sided along its length, ending in a slightly downcurved apex, making the structure appear blade-like; surstylus slightly fused with epandrium; when viewed dorsally, surstyli appearing to point outwards, not strongly convergent. Pregonite short, not well-developed, 0.3 times as long as distiphallus, bare and squared. Postgonite slightly narrow, 1/3 as wide as pregonite, sharply pointed and curved at apex. Distiphallus sail-shaped, apically flared, with a slender median longitudinal sclerotised reinforcement on its posterior surface and a broad, anterolateral, sclerotised acrophallus on each side, joining the plate of opposite side on anterior surface near apex.

Female. Length: 6-8 mm. As male, differing only by the presence of two pairs of proclinate orbital setae.

Diagnosis

Hyphantrophaga osvaldoespinozai   sp. n. can be distinguished from all other Hyphantrophaga   species by the following combination of traits: pedicel concolorous with postpedicel, three katepisternal setae, hind coxa setose, tomentum on T5 matching rest of abdominal tomentum, median marginal setae absent from ST1+2 and discal setae present on T3-T5 (can be weak but distinct).

Etymology

Hyphantrophaga osvaldoespinozai   sp. n. is named in recognition of Osvaldo Espinoza Obando's dedication and work in finding and rearing the ACG caterpillars that contained tachinid larvae.

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG, Guanacaste Province, 5-300 m elevation.

Ecology

Hyphantrophaga osvaldoespinozai   sp. n. has been reared nine times from two species of Lepidoptera   in the family Noctuidae   , Diastema tigris   Guenée, 1852 and Diastema   morata Schaus, 1894, in dry forest.