Barsine bigamica Černý & Pinratana, 2009, Cerny & Pinratana, 2009

Huang, Si-Yao, Volynkin, Anton V., Wang, Min & Fan, Xiao-Ling, 2020, Taxonomic problems surrounding Barsine orientalis bigamica Černý & Pinratana 2009 with description of a new species (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Arctiinae Lithosiini), Zootaxa 4894 (4), pp. 549-560: 550-552

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4894.4.4

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4324147

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/071F87CB-9908-2907-37AB-9E32FC83F80D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Barsine bigamica Černý & Pinratana, 2009
status

stat. nov.

Barsine bigamica Černý & Pinratana, 2009   , stat. nov.

( Figs 1–12 View FIGURES 1–10 View FIGURES 11–20 , 21–26 View FIGURES 21–24 View FIGURES 25–28 , 33–35 View FIGURES 33–38 )

Barsine orientalis bigamica Černý & Pinratana, 2009: 64   , Figs 130a, 130b, 130c (Type locality: N. Thailand, Phetchabun Province, Khao Kau District, Ban Nang Mae Na); Bayarsaikhan et al. 2018: 379; Figures 1 View FIGURES 1–10 E–H, 3C, 4F.

Barsine kampoli Černý in Černý & Pinratana, 2009: 62   , Fig. 127 (Type locality: Northern Thailand, Province   GoogleMaps Chiang Mai, 1600m, between Fang and Nor Lae, 99°06′E, 20°02′N), syn. nov.

Type material examined. Holotype of Barsine orientalis bigamica   : male, printed white label “N. Thailand, Phetchabun Province, Khao Kau District, Ban Nang Mae Na, 27.-28.II.2005, 1300m, leg. K. Černý”/ printed red label “ HOLOTYPE, Barsine orientalis spp   . bigamica Karel ČERNÝ 2008   ”/ printed white label “NHMUK010604485” (Coll. NHMUK); Paratypes of Barsine orientalis bigamica   : 192 specimens from Phetchabun, Nakhon Nayok, Saraburi, Chanthaburi, Chiang Mai, Mae Hong Son and Nan Provinces listed by Černý & Pinratana (2009). Holotype of Barsine kampoli   : male, printed white label “Northern Thailand, Province Chiang Mai, 1600m, between Fang and Nor Lae, 99°06′E, 20°02′N, 28.10.2002, leg. B. Herczig et G. Rankay”/ printed red label “ HOLOTYPE, Barsine kampoli   sp.n. Karel ČERNÝ 2009 ”/ printed white label “NHMUK010605727” (Coll. NHMUK). Paratypes of Barsine kampoli   : 1 male, C. Thailand, Nakhon Nayok, Khao Yai NP, Khao Kieo, 23–27.XI.2005, 14°24’20″N 101°22’ 14″E, 752m, coll. K. Černý (Coll. CKC); 1 male, Thailand, Khao Yai, 7. IX. 1984 / NHMUK010604486 (Coll. NHMUK).

Other materials examined. MYANMAR. 1 male, [Myanmar] Burma merid., Tenasserim, Dawna Mts , 98°08’E, 16°52’N, Lf 1996, lg. Steinke & Lehmann, slide MWM 37150 View Materials Volynkin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; CHINA. 11 males, China, Yunnan Prov. (NW), Nujiang Lisu and Dulong auton. pref., Fugong County, Lishadi (= Walo ), 42 km N of Fugong, 1390m, 12–16.V.1999, 27°15’N 98°55’E, leg./ex coll. Dr. R. Brechlin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 5 males, the same locality and collector, but 15–27.X.1999, slide ZSM Arct. 2017/2017, MWM 33941 View Materials (males) Volynkin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 6 males, 7 females, China, Prov. W Yunnan, Mou Ding county , 1300 m, 16.III.–10.IV.2000, 25’19”N, 101’32”E, lg. local collectors, coll. Dr. Brechlin, slides ZSM Arct. 2020-086 (male), 2020-087 (female) Volynkin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 9 males, 6 females, China, Prov. W Yunnan, Xishuangbanna Dai auton. pref., Puwen , 30 km SSW Simao, 900 m, 22’30”N, 100’02”E, 16.III.–10.IV.2000, leg. Brechlin’s local collectors, slide MWM 37151 View Materials (male) Volynkin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 11 males, 6 females, the same locality and collectors, but 10–30.IV.2000 (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 4 males, China, Yunnan Prov., Mangxi Ba Mts, Simao Distr. , 18 km S of Simao city, 16.III.–10.IV.2000, 22°28’N 101°01’E, 1280m, coll. Dr. R. Brechlin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, 1 female, China, Yunnan Prov., Dali City , Yangbi County, 29. VI. 2018, leg. Xin-jie Zhao (Coll. SCAU)   ; 1 male, 2 females, China, Yunnan Prov., Xishuangbanna Prefecture , Mengla County, 15. V. 2018, leg. Zhou Chang & Zhi-wei Dong (Coll. SCAU)   ; 1 male, 3 females, China, Yunnan Prov., Pu'er City , 10. V. 2018, leg. Zhou Chang & Zhi-wei Dong (Coll. SCAU)   ; THAILAND. 6 males, 2 females, Thailand , Changwat Chiang Mai, Mt. Doi Inthanon, NP, 2300 m, 17.X.2000, leg. local collector (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 1 male, 1 female, Thailand , Changwat Chiang Mai, 1 km E of Kop Dong, 1650m, 13.XI.1998, leg. Tibor Csővári & László Mikus (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 1 male, Thailand , Changwat Chiang Mai, 3 km S of Kop Dong, 1550m, 1.IV.1998, leg. Tibor Csővári & Pál Stéger (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 3 males, Thailand , Changwat Chiang Mai, 12 km NW Chiang Dao, 750m, 12.XI.1998, leg. Tibor Csővári & László Mikus (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 6 males, 4 females, Thailand , Changwat Chiang Mai, 20 km NW of Mae Ai, 1650m, 21.IX.1999, leg. A. Szabó & Z. Czere (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 3 males, 6 females, Thailand , Chiang Mai Changwat, 6 km SE of Pang Faen, 1100m, 16.IX.1999, leg. A. Szabo & Zita (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 2 males, Thailand, Doi Suthep , Chiang Mai, 8–21.IX.1989, Lf, leg. Cadiou (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 5 males, Thailand, Chiang Mai Prov., Doi Inthanon National Park, km 31 road (N of) Chom Thong summit, Park Headquarters / guest houses, 1360m, sec. growth / pines, 12–22.XI.1998, leg. / ex coll. Dr. Ronald Brechlin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 3 females, Thailand , Changwat Chiang Mai, Mt. Doi Inthanon, NP, 2300m, 17.X.2000, leg. local collector (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 1 female, Thailand, Mt. Doi Phahompok , 14 km NW of Fang, 1700m, 16.X.2000, leg. local collector (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 16 males, Thailand , Changwat Nan, 25 km N of Bo Luang, 1150 m, 11.XI.1999, leg. Márton Hreblay (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 3 males, 1 female, the same locality, but 28.II.1998, leg. Márton Hreblay & Csaba Szabóky (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 3 males, the same locality and collectors, but 17.II.1998 (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 1 male, the same locality and collectors, but 19.II.1998 (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 3 males, 1 female, Thailand , Changwat Nan, 5 km N of Bo Luang, 1000 m, 12.XI.1999, leg. Márton Hreblay (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 9 males, 1 female, Thailand , Changwat Nan, 22 km N of Bo Luang, 1100m, 30.III.1998, leg. Tibor Csővári & Pál Stéger (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 19 males, Thailand , Changwat Nan, 25 km N of Bo Luang, 1150 m, 29.III.1998, leg. Tibor Csővári & Pál Stéger (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 30 males, 3 females, the same locality, but 11.XI.1999, leg. Márton Hreblay (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 6 males, Thailand , Changwat Nan, 15 km N of Bo Luang, 1000m, 7.IV.1998, leg. Tibor Csővári & Pál Stéger (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 13 males, 7 females, Thailand , Changwat Nan, 7 km W of Ban Bo Yuak, 1000m, 25.XI.1998, leg. Tibor Csővári & László Mikus, slide MWM 33942 View Materials (male) Volynkin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 1 male, Thailand , Changwat Nan, 4 km W of Pha Lak, 820m, 28.III.1998, leg. Tibor Csővári & Pál Stéger (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; 2 males, Thailand , Changwat Nan, 30 km E of Pua, 1700m, 24.XI.1998, leg. Tibor Csővári & László Mikus (Coll. MWM/ ZSM)   ; LAOS. 1 male, 1 female, SW Laos, Phu Soai Dao , 101°09’E 18°30’N, 6–8.VIII.1996, leg. Steinke & Lehmann (Coll. MWM/ ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, 3 females, the same locality and collectors, but VI.1996 (Coll. MWM/ ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; VIETNAM. 1 male, North Vietnam, Tam Dao (secondary forest), 60 km NW Hanoi, 950m, 21°34N 105°20E, IV.1995, leg. V. Sinyaev, slide ZSM Arct. 2019-648 Volynkin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 female, the same locality and collector, 17.X.1994, slide ZSM Arct. 2019-649 Volynkin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, N Vietnam, 16[00]– 1800m, Mt. Fan-si-an (West), Cha-pa , secondary forest, 22°20’N 103°40’E (cult.), IV.1995, leg. Sinyaev & local collectors, slide MWM 33914 View Materials , 33970 (males) Volynkin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, N Vietnam, 1600m, Mt. Fan-si-pan (north), Cha-pa , primary forest, 22°17’N 103°44’E, 20–30.IV.1995, leg. Sinyaev & local collectors, slide MWM 37152 View Materials (male) Volynkin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, N Vietnam, 1400m, Mai-chau , primary forest, 40km SE Moc-chau, 20°50’N 104°50’E, 07–15.IV.1995, leg. Sinyaev & local collector, slide MWM 37153 View Materials (male) Volynkin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, N Vietnam, 1200m, Tuan-Giao (road Lai-chau to Hanoi) (21°35’N 103°25’E), 5–10.XI.1994, leg. Sinyaev, slide MWM 37154 View Materials Volynkin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; 5 males, 3 females, IX.2013, Central Vietnam, South Central Coast, Da Nang Province, Annamite Mts, Ba Na Mt. , leg. local collector, slides AV2280 (male) and AV2282 (female) Volynkin (Coll. CAV)   ; 1 male, IX.2013, Central Vietnam, South Central Coast, Qu ảng Ngãi Province, Ba Tõ District, Ba Tõ Mt., 900 m, leg. local collector, slide AV2281 Volynkin (Coll. CAV)   ; 35 males, S Vietnam, Plateau Tay Nguyen, Mt. Ngoc Linh , 900–1400m, 15°02’N, 107°59’E, 10–25.VIII.1996, leg. Sinyaev & Afonin (Coll. MWM/ ZSM) GoogleMaps   ; CAMBODIA. 1 male, 1 female, Cambodia, Kampot Prov., Bokor N.P., Hill Station , 1025 m, 10°37’37N 104°01’33E, 19–21.I.2006, leg. G. Csorba & G. Ronkay (Coll. MWM/ ZSM) GoogleMaps   .

Remarks. 1) Like some other Barsine   species (e. g., B. defecta Walker   , B. gratissima de Joannis   , B. cacharensis N. Singh & Kirti   , B. obsoleta Reich   ), B. bigamica   has two color forms: the common red form having reddish forewing pattern elements together with black ones, and the yellow form having yellowish forewing pattern elements instead of reddish ones. The latter is usually very rare in most species of the genus, yet in B. bigamica   the yellow form is common or even dominant among females in some populations, but it is extremely rare among males (we found no such males among specimens available, but the yellow male specimen was illustrated by Bayarsaikhan et al. (2018)). 2) Barsine kampoli   was described based on the holotype male from Chiang Mai Province and two paratype males from Nakhon Nayok Province of Thailand in the same book as B orientalis bigamica   . Externally, B. kampoli   is clearly different from the both red and yellow forms of B. bigamica   and has a pale yellowish ground color with a pinkish suffusion and a forewing pattern consisting of contrasting blackish inline patches and lengthwise strokes without red or yellow markings. However, after examination of one of the paratypes ( Figs 8 View FIGURES 1–10 , 22 View FIGURES 21–24 ) and the male specimen externally almost identical to the holotype ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 1–10 ) we found that this taxon has the male genitalia structure identical to that of B. bigamica   ( Figs 21, 23–25 View FIGURES 21–24 View FIGURES 25–28 ). Moreover, several specimens of B. bigamica   collected from China and Thailand display degrees of reduction of reddish forewing markings, and these specimens together form a cline showing how the B. bigamica   phenotype gradually turns into the B. kampoli   phenotype ( Figs. 3–5, 7 View FIGURES 1–10 ). All the evidences shown above have come to the same conclusion that the taxon B. kampoli   is undoubtedly conspecific to B. bigamica   and represents an aberration with reduced reddish and elongated and diffuse black forewing markings. According to Article 24.2 “Determination by the First Reviser” of ICZN (1999), when the precedence between names or nomenclatural acts cannot be objectively determined, the precedence is fixed by the action of the first author citing in a published work those names or acts and selecting from them and this author is termed the "First Reviser" (Article 24.2.1), and if two or more names, different or identical, and based on the same or different types, or two or more nomenclatural acts, are published on the same date in the same or different works, the precedence of the names or acts is fixed by the First Reviser unless Article 24.1 applies (Article 24.2.2), though the name B. bigamica   was published on page 64 in the work of Černý & Pinratana (2009) and slightly after the name B. kampoli   on page 62 of the same work, we here play the role of the First Reviser and purpose to give the precedence to the name B. bigamica   as it represents the typical and normal form of this variable species, while B. kampoli   represents a rarer and abnormal form. Hence we sink Barsine kampoli   as the junior synonym of B. bigamica   (syn. nov.). 3) It should be also noted that there are two specimens identified as B. kampoli   bearing the holotype red label in the collection of NHMUK. The collecting data of one of them ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 1–10 ) fully corresponds to that of the holotype cited in the original description ( Černý & Pinratana 2009), and this specimen undoubtedly is the true holotype of B. bigamica   . At the same time, another specimen ( Fig. 8 View FIGURES 1–10 ) has the collecting data “Khao Yai, 7 Sept. 1984 ” identical to that of one of paratypes listed by Černý & Pinratana (2009). According to Article 73.1.1 of ICZN (1999), if an author, when establishing a new nominal species-group taxon, states in the original publication that one specimen, and only one, is the holotype, or “the type”, or uses some equivalent expression, that specimen is the holotype fixed by original designation, therefore the holotype status of the specimen collected in 1984 from Khao Yai is invalid and it obviously represents the paratype, only wrongly labeled as holotype.

Diagnosis. Externally adults of the typical red form of B. bigamica   stat. nov. are very similar to both seasonal forms of B. orientalis   ( Figs 17–20 View FIGURES 11–20 , 29–32 View FIGURES 29–32 , 37, 38 View FIGURES 33–38 ), and can only be distinguished from the latter by the slightly more contrasting color pattern on forewing upperside as noted by Černý & Pinratana (2009). The male genital capsule of B. bigamica   differs from that of B. orientalis   by the two lobes of distal saccular process situated far away from each other, with the dorsal one situated more basally and being much shorter than the distal one (whereas in B. orientalis   the two lobes of distal saccular process are situated very close to each other, nearly equal in length and together form a Y-shaped process), and the basal section of the costa being normal (that of B. orientalis   is conspicuously swollen and densely covered with numerous short spinules) The aedeagus vesica of B. bigamica   differs from that of B. orientalis   by the 2 nd medial diverticulum being directed distally, relatively short, broad and mostly membranous with only a series of short but robust cornuti at the middle, whereas in B. orientalis   the 2 nd medial diverticulum is directed upwards, elongated, relatively narrow, covered thoroughly with small cornuti of various sizes especially in its basal section. In addition, the 3 rd medial diverticulum of B. bigamica   is conspicuously narrower basally than that of B. orientalis   , covered with smaller cornuti and directed distally (whereas in B. orientalis   that is curved outwards). The female genitalia of B. bigamica   can be easily distinguished from those of B. orientalis   by the slightly shorter and broader ductus bursae with shorter and narrower subostial folds, smaller corpus bursae with conspicuously smaller signum bursae, and smaller appendix bursae. In addition, in B. bigamica   the posterior sclerotized area of the corpus bursae is more heavily sclerotized but less rugose than that of B. orientalis   , and its surrounding dentate area is weaker.

Distribution. Barsine bigamica   is widespread in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia ( Bae et al. 2016; Bayarsaikhan et al. 2018), Thailand ( Černý & Pinratana 2009), and Yunnan Province in Southwest China. The records from Nepal and India (north of West Bengal (Darjeeling), Assam and Sikkim) by Černý & Pinratana (2009) and Kirti & Singh (2016) all belong to B. kirata Volynkin & N. Singh, 2020   . Barsine orientalis   is distributed in East, Southeast and South continental China, the island of Hainan and North Vietnam.

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Erebidae

Genus

Barsine

Loc

Barsine bigamica Černý & Pinratana, 2009

Huang, Si-Yao, Volynkin, Anton V., Wang, Min & Fan, Xiao-Ling 2020
2020
Loc

Barsine orientalis bigamica Černý & Pinratana, 2009: 64

Bayarsaikhan, U. & Lee, D. J. & Bae, Y. S. 2018: 379
Cerny, K. & Pinratana, A. 2009: 64
2009
Loc

Barsine kampoli Černý in Černý & Pinratana, 2009: 62

Cerny, K. & Pinratana, A. 2009: 62
2009