Paratus indicus, Marusik, Yuri M., Zheng, Guo & Li, Shuqiang, 2008

Marusik, Yuri M., Zheng, Guo & Li, Shuqiang, 2008, A review of the genus Paratus Simon (Araneae, Dionycha), Zootaxa 1965, pp. 50-60: 54-58

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.584061

persistent identifier

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scientific name

Paratus indicus

sp. n.

Paratus indicus   sp. n.

Figs. 5–11 View FIGURES 1 – 7 View FIGURES 8 – 14 , 19–21 View FIGURES 15 – 21 , 27–29 View FIGURES 22 – 29

Material examined: Holotype ♂ GoogleMaps   and paratypes 1 ♂ and 5 ♀ from India, Uttar Pradesh, Gobind Ghat Vill., 30o37.5’N 79o33.5’E, 1750–1900m, 17– 23.05.1999 ( Yu. M. Marusik ) GoogleMaps   ; ♂ paratype from Uttar Pradesh, Joshimath Town, 30o33.3’N 79o33.9’E, 1870m, 14.05.1999 (Yu. M. Marusik). All deposited in SMF GoogleMaps   .

Etymology. The specific name refers to the type locality.

Diagnosis. This species can be recognized by the presence of a conductor in the male palp, long embolus with distinct stylus, short slightly bent retrolateral apophysis, cymbium longer than femur, and lack of vulval diverticula. In comparison to P. sinensis   sp. n., the epigyne of this species has a more procurved (convex) posterior margin ( Fig. 27 View FIGURES 22 – 29 ).

Description. Male. Total length 2.63–3.20. Carapace: 1.29–1.50 long, 1.23–1.37 wide, length/width ratio 1.05–1.09, coloration as in P. sinensis   sp. n. Eyes sizes and interdistances: AME 0.08, ALE 0.09, PME 0.10, PLE 0.09, AME – AME 0.11, AME –ALE, AME –PME 0.13, ALE –PLE 0.06, PME –PME 0.11, PME –PLE 0.13. Tibia I with 7 pairs of ventral and one prolateral spine, tibia II with 6 pairs of ventral spines. Length of leg articles:

Palp as in Figs. 8–11 View FIGURES 8 – 14 , 19–21 View FIGURES 15 – 21 . Femur long and thin, slightly shorter than cymbium, middle part of femur with dark ring, prolateral side with long strong spine (1/2 of femur length), dorsal side with two small terminal spines, prolateral side with one small terminal spine as long as femur diameter. Patella and tibia subequal in size, and each more than 2 times shorter than femur. Tibia with one prolateral spine, tibial apophysis small, less than tibia diameter, claw-like, slightly bent backwards. Cymbium without spines, tegulum bulbous, round in frontal view. Tegulum bears embolus and conductor, both arising near center of tegulum. Conductor membranous, weakly sclerotized, lying on embolus base. Embolus gradually tapering, with distinct stylus ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 8 – 14 , St). Thick part of seminal duct makes closed loop, thin part makes a 360º loop near base of embolus.

Female. Total length 3.13–3.75. Carapace: 1.29–1.50 long, 1.23–1.37 wide, length/width 1.01–1.12, coloured as in P. sinensis   sp. n. Eyes sizes and interdistances: AME 0.09, ALE 0.10, PME 0.11, PLE 0.11, AME – AME 0.07, AME –ALE 0.06, AME –PME 0.11, ALE –PLE 0.04, PME –PME 0.09, PME –PLE 0.11. Tibia I –II with 6 pairs of ventral spines, although some specimens have 7 retroventral spines on tibia I.

Length of leg articles:

Epigyne as in Figs. 27–29 View FIGURES 22 – 29 . Epigynal plate simple, without any fovea or furrows. Receptacula round, insemination ducts short, opening in common depression placed below plate. Dorsal wall of vulva with large plate (wall) ( Figs. 28–29 View FIGURES 22 – 29 ).

Habitat. All specimens were collected in leaf litter under 1.5–2 m high bushes. Distribution. Only known from type locality ( Fig. 30 View FIGURE 30 ).


Germany, Frankfurt-am-Main, Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum Senckenberg


USA, Florida, Gainesville, University of Florida, Florida Museum of Natural History, Allyn Museum