Dilemma inexpectatum ( Crozier, 1966 ), Crozier, 1966

Leal, Jos Ẽ H., 2008, A remarkable new genus of carnivorous, sessile bivalves (Mollusca: Anomalodesmata: Poromyidae) with descriptions of two new species, Zootaxa 1764, pp. 1-18: 12-15

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.181996

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/081987A1-A217-BB5F-FF5D-DF0CFD808D5C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Dilemma inexpectatum ( Crozier, 1966 )
status

new combination

Dilemma inexpectatum ( Crozier, 1966)   new combination

( Figures 41–45 View FIGURES 34 – 45 )

Corculum inexpectatum Crozier, 1966   , p. 42, figs. 10–12; Powell, 1979, p. 413, fig. 109; ter Porter, 2005, p. 6.

Diagnosis. Shell with sculpture of strong, regular commarginal grooves on posterior surface, with interspaces twice as wide. Byssal gap absent. Escutcheon relatively large, smooth, well-defined, separated by prominent groove from remainder of posterior shell surface.

Description (based on holotype, a left shell valve). SHELL ( Figures 41–45 View FIGURES 34 – 45 ): Sculpture of strong, regular commarginal grooves on posterior surface, with interspaces at least twice as wide. Anterior shell surface smoother, with worn aspect and commarginal growth lines that often coincide with grooves on posterior surface. Shell apparently nacreous internally, relatively thick, compressed in anteroposterior direction, cardioid in lateral outline (assuming that right valve is symmetrical with left). Byssal gap absent. Well-developed carina separating anterior from posterior shell surfaces. Umbones and umbonal cavity as in previous species.

Umbones, umbonal cavity, hinge, cardinal-like teeth ( Figures 40, 45 View FIGURES 34 – 45 , CT), hinge sockets ( Figure 45 View FIGURES 34 – 45 , HS), as in previous species. Posterior lateral tooth (present in right valve only) not seen. Ligament lacking in examined holotype.

Anterior adductor muscle scars ( Figure 45 View FIGURES 34 – 45 , AAS), posterior adductor muscle scars as in previous species. Anterior and posterior byssal retractor scars difficult to examine due to worn nature of holotype. Pallial line continuous.

Lunule absent. Escutcheon ( Figure 41 View FIGURES 34 – 45 , ES) relatively large, smooth, well-defined, separated by prominent groove from remainder of posterior shell surface.

Periostracum lacking in holotype. Shell color dirty-white with some staining evocative of iron oxide.

Type Material. Holotype, NMNZ M.018488, 3.94 mm (length) × 8.19 mm (height) × 8.16 mm (width; width was calculated by multiplying width of single left valve by two, assuming the shell to be perfectly equivalve), RNZFA TUI, 15 July 1962 (Images available online at Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, 2007.) Paratype, one right valve NMNZ M 18491 View Materials (not seen; both assumed from type locality).

Type Locality. North of Three Kings Islands, 34 º00' S, 171 º 55 ' E, 805 m depth, bryozoan and shell bottom.

Remarks. This species is also known only from its type locality. It was originally described as a Corculum   ( Cardiidae   ) from the holotype, a left valve (above), and one paratype, a right valve (not examined). The original description gave dimensions as “2.7 mm (length) × 8.0 mm (height).”

Notwithstanding the lack of known soft parts, Dilemma inexpectatum   is easily separated from the two new species described above by its sculpture of strong grooves on its posterior surface that contrasts with a relatively large and very well-defined escutcheon devoid of sculpture, a relatively thicker shell, and the lack of a byssal gap on the anterior shell surface.

AAS

British Antarctic Survey

NMNZ

Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Mollusca

Class

Bivalvia

Order

Anomalodesmata

Family

Poromyidae

Genus

Dilemma

Loc

Dilemma inexpectatum ( Crozier, 1966 )

Leal, Jos Ẽ H. 2008
2008
Loc

Corculum inexpectatum

Crozier 1966
1966