Tephritis crepidis Hendel 1927

Korneyev, Severyn V. & Korneyev, Valery A., 2019, Revision of the Old World species of the genus Tephritis (Diptera, Tephritidae) with a pair of isolated apical spots, Zootaxa 4584 (1), pp. 1-73 : 21-22

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4584.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:7ACD7181-C5D9-4C05-8060-6725C3358C56

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5928872

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/084E1818-FF8B-692D-FF39-8DC4FABFFC16

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Tephritis crepidis Hendel 1927
status

 

Tephritis crepidis Hendel 1927

( Figs 3h View FIGURES 3 ; 8 View FIGURES 8 )

Tephritis crepidis Hendel 1927: 186 ; Richter 1970: 1667; Merz 1994: 66; Norrbom et al. 1999: 216.

Tephritis cornupuncta Hendel 1927: 185 ; Merz 1992: 233 (synonymy).

Tephritis leontodontis: Frauenfeld 1863: 219 (misidentification; see Hendel 1927: 186).

Type material: Lectotype Ƌ and paralectotype Ƌ Tephritis crepidis : Austria: “Schneeb[er]g, Crep [is] blattar [ioides] (NHMW) (designated by Merz 1992). Lectotype designation by Hardy (1968) invalid.

Lectotype Ƌ Tephritis cornupuncta : [ Austria or Spain, no label] “ Tephritis cornupuncta H., det. F. Hendel ” [Hendel’s handwriting] ( BMNH) (designated by Merz 1992) . Lectotype designation by Hardy (1968) invalid.

Non–type material: Austria: Styria, Sausal-Gebirge, Kitzek , 300–500 m, 22– 31.03.1959, 1♂ (F. Daniel) (ZSSM); Salzburg, Parsch , 22.06.1970, 1♂; 17.06.1970, 1♀ (P. P. Babli) ( ZSSM) ; Leitha geb., Donnerskirchen , 17– 26.05.1972, 3♂, 2♀ (J. B. Wolschrijn) ( RMNH) ; Fresach, Karanten 600 m, 3– 15.06.1973, 4♂, 2♀ (J. B. Wolschrijn) ( RMNH) ; France: Le Grenairon, 1500 m. juillet, Hte. Savoie, Environs de Samoens , 1943, 1♀ (A. Villiers) ( MNHNP) ; Germany: Bayern, Tegernsee, St. Quirin , 0 7.1937, 1♀ (F. Thomala) ( MNKB) ; Bav [aria]. mer[idionalis]., Ammergauer Berge, Frieder-Gabiet , 1700–2000 m, 29.03.1948, 2♂ (W. Engelhardt) ( ZSSM) ; 27.05–1.06.1948, 2 ♀ (F. Daniel & J. Wolfsberger) ( ZSSM) ; Ober-Bayern, Murnau Murnauer Moos , 630 m, 30.05.1979 1 ♀ (W. Schacht) ( ZSSM) ; Ob. Bayern, Froschhausen, bei Murnau , 2.07.1946, 1♀ (N. Obrastsov & M. Oserova) ( ZSSM) ; Sudbayern, Eisenburg, b[ei]. Memmingen , 25.05.1947, 1♂ (W. Foster) ( ZSSM) ; Italy: Macugnaga , 28.07.1900, 1♀ (Oldenberg) ( MNKB) ; Trento, 250 m, Riva del Grada , 22.05.1990, 1♀ (C. J. Zwakhals) ( RMNH) ; Poland: “Sudeten, Reisengebirge” [= Karkonosze ], 10.08.1909, 1♂, 1♀ (Duda) ( MNKB) ; Romania: Zernest , 6.07.1895, 1♀ ( MNKB) ; Switzerland: Derendingen , 440 m, coll. 15.06.1989, em. 3.07.1989, from fl. head Crepis biennis , 1♂, 1♀ (Merz) ( MNKB) ; GR, 1100 m, Serplana, coll. 22.06.1990, ex 5.07.1990, from fl. head Crepis biennis , 1♂, 1♀ (Merz) ( MNKB) ; GL, 1600 m, Niederunen 16.07.1990, 2♂, 2♀ (Merz) ( MNKB) ; GR, 1600 m, Ardez, coll. 2.08.1990, ex fl. head Crepis blattarioides , ep. 12.08.1990 4♂, 2♀; ep. 16.08.1990 7♂, 5♀ (Merz) ( SIZK) ; GR, 1600 m, Ausserferra, Cresta , 14.08.1991, 1♂, 1♀ (Merz) ( ZSSM) ; BE, Lamboing, Pres de Macolin Derriere , 1000 m, 16.05.1993, 1♂, 2♀ (Merz) ( SIZK) ; Visperterminen , 1300 m, 21.07.2004, 1♀ (S. Korneyev) ( SIZK) ; Ukraine: Carpathian mts, Hoverla , 16.08.1979, 1♂, 1♀ (V. Korneyev) ( SIZK) .

Diagnosis. Tephritis crepidis can be separated from Tephritis species other than T. conyzifoliae by the characters given above for the latter species. It differs from T. conyzifoliae in having the preglans of the phallus lacking spines in males (spinulose in T. conyzifoliae ), mostly black oviscape in females (mostly yellowish to reddish brown in T. conyzifoliae ), and wing pattern more often with isolated apical spots (see below).

Description. Head, thorax & legs: As in T. conyzifoliae ( Fig. 8a View FIGURES 8 ).

Wing: as described for T. conyzifoliae . Pattern brown, with 2 large spots at apices of veins R 4+5 and M isolated from remaining dark pattern (50%), connected to remaining dark pattern forming fork (40%), isolated from main pattern but connected to each other (10%).

Abdomen: black, tergites sparsely, but uniformly grey microtrichose, with white discal setulae and white marginal setae. Sternites black, white setulose, moderately wide, male sternite 5 posteriorly incised. Female sternite 6 with anteromedial apodeme. Abdominal pleura matt black or grey.

Terminalia: Male. Epandrium wide oval, as in most other species of Tephritini . Glans of phallus moderately short, mostly membranous, with apical gonopore, without dorsal tail-like process. Preglans bare, without spines.

Female. Oviscape dark brown to black, rarely yellowish brown laterally; black setulose on dorsal and ventral sides, as long as abdominal tergites 4–6 combined. Eversible membrane with 2 pairs of taeniae 0.3 × as long as membrane itself, ventral side of membrane with scales of different size, medial ones larger than lateral ones and moderately pointed ( Fig. 8d View FIGURES 8 ). Spermathecae moderately long, 4 × as long as wide ( Fig. 8e View FIGURES 8 ). Aculeus brown, 5 × as long as wide and insignificantly incised on tip ( Figs 8 View FIGURES 8 b–c).

Measurements. Female: BL=4.0– 4.7 mm; WL= 3.5–4.6 mm (n=10); AL= 1–1.10 mm. Male: BL= 3.8–4.5 mm; WL= 3.6–4.5 mm (n=10).

Host plant. Crepis biennis L., C. pyrenaica (L.) Greuter [= C. blattarioides ] ( Merz 1994).

Distribution. Austria ( Hendel, 1927), Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Makedonia, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland ( Merz, 1992), Turkey, Ukraine (Korneyev, 2016); ( Merz & Korneyev 2004).

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

MNHNP

Museo Nacional de Historia Natural del Paraguay

SIZK

Schmaulhausen Institute of Zoology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Tephritidae

Genus

Tephritis

Loc

Tephritis crepidis Hendel 1927

Korneyev, Severyn V. & Korneyev, Valery A. 2019
2019
Loc

Tephritis crepidis

Norrbom, A. L. & Carroll, L. E. & Thompson, F. C. & White, I. M. & Freidberg, A. 1999: 216
Merz, B. 1994: 66
Richter, V. A. 1970: 1667
Hendel, F. 1927: 186
1927
Loc

Tephritis cornupuncta

Merz, B. 1992: 233
Hendel, F. 1927: 185
1927
Loc

Tephritis leontodontis:

Hendel, F. 1927: 186
1927