Tephritis kogardtauica Hering 1944

Korneyev, Severyn V. & Korneyev, Valery A., 2019, Revision of the Old World species of the genus Tephritis (Diptera, Tephritidae) with a pair of isolated apical spots, Zootaxa 4584 (1), pp. 1-73 : 40-42

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4584.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:7ACD7181-C5D9-4C05-8060-6725C3358C56

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5928878

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/084E1818-FFB8-6911-FF39-8A0FFD9DFA62

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Tephritis kogardtauica Hering 1944
status

 

Tephritis kogardtauica Hering 1944

( Figs 2b View FIGURES 2 ; 20–21 View FIGURES 20 View FIGURES 21 )

Hering 1944: 15; 1947: 9; Foote 1984: 130; Norrbom et al. 1999: 217. Korneyev, Karimpour & Mohamadzade Namin 2015: 119.

Type material: Holotype ♀: [ Kyrghyzstan:] “ Togus Tjurae ; Kogard Tau ( Centralasien ), leg R. Tancre (erhalten geblieben)” ( ZMUH) ( destroyed). Neotype ♀: [Kyrghyzstan:] “ Kara-Tyt 10.6 km from Tash-Kumyr , 41°26.3' N 72°13.4' E, h = 950–1100 m, 20– 21.05.1994 ” ( Korneyev ) ( SIZK) ( examined) GoogleMaps .

Non-type material: Azerbaijan: Kjalvaz, Zuvand , 20.05.1936, 1 ♀ (Arnoldi) ( ZISP) . Iran: W Azerbaijan: Qazemloo Valley , 37km S of Urmia, 37.30°N, 45.12° E, 1450m, 15.05.2014, 79 ♂, 39 ♀ (S. & V. Korneyev, Y. Karimpour) ( SIZK) GoogleMaps ; idem, ex flower heads of Inula stenocalathia , 19.06.2014 —em. 27.06– 12.07.2014, 35 ♂, 33 ♀ (S & V. Korneyev) ( SIZK) ; idem, ex flower heads of I. stenocalathia , 19.06.2014 —em. 29.06– 15.07.2014, 90 ♂, 71 ♀ (Mohamadzade) ( SMNC) ; Kurdistan Province, Marivan, Dezli Valley , 35.30°N, 46.19°E, 1900 m, ex fl ower heads of Inula sp., 16.06.2014 —em. 30.06– 15.07.2014, 5 ♂, 3 ♀ (Mohamadzade & S. Korneyev) ( SMNC) GoogleMaps . Kazakhstan: Jambyl Region: Kurday pass [43.37°N, 75.045°E], 13.07.1977, 5 ♂, 1 ♀ (Ivannikov); Almaty Region: 5 km SW Almaty, near Kargalinka [43.17°N, 76.86°E], 5.05.1974, 1 ♂, 1 specimen (abdomen lost); idem, 8.05.1974, 1 ♂, 6 specimens (abdomen lost); idem, 6 km SW; ALmaty, nearKargalinki, 13.05.1974, 2 ♂ (Ivannikov) ( SIZK) GoogleMaps . Kyrgyzstan: Chu Region: Bishkek, Tshon-Aryk , 42.785°N, 74.57°E, h = 1500 m, ex Inula sp. seed head, 29.05.1967, 1♂, 1? [abdomen and head missing] (Zubarev & Peck); idem, 25.06.1994, 5 ♂, 6 ♀, idem, h = 1200 m, 26.05.1994, 1 ♂, 2 ♀, idem, 29.06.1996, 3 ♂, 1 ♀, idem, 20.06.1999, 2 ♂, 7 ♀ (V. Korneyev), idem, ex Inula macrophylla , 7.07.2017—em. 11– 13.07.2017, 2♂, 9♀ (S. & V. Korneyev) ( SIZK) GoogleMaps ; idem, ” Orto-Sai ”, 26.05.1994, 1 ♀ (Merz) ( BMNH) ; Boom valley , 42.60°N, 75.79°E, 29.08.1996, 1 ♂ (V. Korneyev) ( SIZK) GoogleMaps ; Talas Region: Kara-Archa village, SW Kyrghyz Alatau Mts. , 35 km ESE Dzhambyl, 3.05.1994, 1 ♂, 1 ♀ (Korneyev) ( SIZK) ; idem, Kara-Arthsa Tal 35 km ESE Dzhambyl, h = 1550 m, 3.05.1994, 3 ♂, 1 ♀ (Merz) ( ZISP) ; Jalal-Abad Region: Chatkal River valley, 15.3 km from Jangy-Bazar , 41.685°N, 70.66°E, h = 1400–1700 m, 20–1.07.1998, 1 ♂, 2 ♀ (Kameneva & V. Korneyev) ( SIZK) GoogleMaps ; Ak-Terek, 15 km SW, Arslanbob , h = 1800 m, 13.08.1969 1 ♀ (Gorodkov) ( SIZK) ; Arslanbob , 41.32°N, 72.95°E, h = 2500, 20.08.1972, 1 ♂ (S. Parkhomenko) ( SIZK) GoogleMaps ; Kara-Tyt, 10.6 km from Tash-Kumyr , 41.44°N 72.22°E, h = 950–1100 m, 20– 21.05.1994, 11 ♂, 4 ♀ (Korneyev) ( SIZK) GoogleMaps ; idem, “ 11 km N Tas Kumyr , h = 900 m ”, 21.05.1994, 1 ♂ (Merz) ( RMNH) ; Takyr-Ter mt. , 20.07.1913, 1♂, 1♀ (Chernav [skiy]); Talas Ridge, 120 verst E from Aulie Aga, 1 ♂ (Reitter); Ferghana Ridge, Mikhaylovka, vic. of Kugart, 16.05.1925, 23 ♂, 32 ♀ (Th. Dobrzansky) ( ZISP) ; Osh Region: Air-Tash pass, h = 2460, 18.07.1928, 4 ♀; Alai Ridge , h = 2600 m, Toku-Bay, 0 9.08.1928, 1 ♂; Ak-Bel River , 10.08.1928, 2 ♂ (Kuznetsov) ( ZISP) . Tadjikistan: Kondara pass, Varzob valley , h = 1100 m, 10.08.1937, 1 ♂ (Gussakovsky) ( ZISP) ; Lejaq near Muminabad, Khazrati Shokh Mts , 38.178°N, 70.103°E, 1770 m, ex Inula macrophylla , 14.07.2018 —em. 17– 20.07.2018, 5♂, 5♀ (V. Korneyev) ( SIZK) GoogleMaps . Uzbekistan: Pacha-Ata, Namangan, Ferghana , 26.08.1928, 1 ♀ ( Dzens-Litovskaya ); Chatkal Nature Reserve , Bashkyzylsai , southern slope, on Inula grandis , 16.06.1981, 1 ♀, idem, I. grandis , 10.07.1982, 1 ♂, 1 ♀, idem, I. grandis , 13– 16.07.1982, 1 ♀, idem, I. grandis , 6.06.1982, 1 ♂ (Volkova) ( SIZK) .

Diagnosis. Tephritis kogardtauica can be easily separated from other Palaearctic species of Tephritis by the combination of pale yellowish grey wing pattern, entirely brownish yellow pterostigma without hyaline spot, and 2 separated spots at the the apices of veins R 4+5 and M, 2 hyaline spots in r 1 cell, cell r 2+3 with hyaline spot basal of rm level, cell r 4+5 with large subquadrate hyaline spot in basal half, oviscape widely white setulose and aculeus long and wide, evenly narrowed towards apex and narrowly rounded at apex, without steps or incisions. Thorax and abdomen are densely yellow-grey microtrichose, white setulose. Overwintered females differ by having black oviscape, whereas freshly-reared flies of the summer generation have mostly brownish yellow oviscape. This species is associated with Inula macrophylla and I. stenocalathia .

Description. Head: As described for T. bardanae (see Korneyev et al. (2015) for details).

Thorax and legs: As described for T. hendeliana , ground colour of scutum and scutellum brown to black, densely ochreous-grey microtrichose (golden yellow in fresh specimens). Apical scutellar seta 2/3× as long as basal scutellar seta. Legs entirely yellow to brownish yellow. Fore femur with 2 posterodorsal rows of shorter white setae and 1 posteroventral row of long yellowish brown setae, midfemur white setulose on anterior surface and yellowish brown on the rest.

Wing ( Figs 20b – d View FIGURES 20 ): With pale yellowish grey pattern. Cells bc and c hyaline. Pterostigma brown or yellowish brown, without hyaline spots. Cell r 1 posterior to pterostigma brownish yellow, 2 trapeziform hyaline spots distal to R 1 apex separated by narrow brown bar; apex of cell r 1 entirely brownish yellow. Cell r 2+3 hyaline at base, yellowish grey posterior of pterostigma; 3 hyaline spots separated by narrow yellow bars posterior to hyaline spots in r 1 forming hyaline M-shaped mark, medial spot 2–3 × as wide as proximal and distal spots. Preapical brown area (posterior to cell r 1 apex) with 2–4 smaller hyaline or pale grey spots. Apex hyaline with small triangular dark spot at apex of R 4+5 vein. Cell br hyaline in basal half and pale grey in apical half, usually with 2 small round hyaline spots. Crossvein r-m in a dark field with 4 faint, paler dots usually fused and forming narrow pale grey, yellow or hyaline vertical bars at both sides of crossvein. Cell r 4+5 at dm-cu level with large subquadrate hyaline spot largely fused with hyaline spot in r 2+3 but clearly isolated from hyaline spots in cells dm and m;, middle third of cell r 4+5 with pair of round spots or narrow hyaline spot either isolated, touching or fused with hyaline spot in cell r 2+3; and with yellowish grey area in distal half of cell without or at most with 1–2 pale yellowish, rarely hyaline dots; apex with small triangular dark spots on R 4+5 and M apices. Vein R 4+5 ventrally with 11–13 setulae. Cell dm with hyaline base and 2 grey or yellowish grey bars separated by large round or pear-like hyaline spot; apex of dm entirely greyish yellow or with 1–3 yellow or hyaline dots or small spots. Cell m with brownish base, isolated or open round hyaline spot at anterobasal margin and variously developed greyish yellow pattern of fused or isolated bars often not reaching its posterior margin. Cell cua hyaline at base and with 3 separated greyish bars in its medial part, entirely hyaline posterior half, and greyish apex. Anal cell with pale-yellow or grey spot aligned with vein Cu 2 +A 1. Anal lobe entirely hyaline.

Abdomen ( Fig. 20a View FIGURES 20 ): Abdominal tergites black or partly yellow; densely microtrichose, white setulose and setose; male tergite 5 and female tergites 5 and 6 with brown to black marginal setae. Sternites brown to black, white setulose, moderately wide, male sternite 5 posteriorly incised. Female sternite 6 with anteromedial apodeme. Abdominal pleura matt yellowish brown, grey or black.

Terminalia: Male. Epandrium and glans ( Fig. 21e View FIGURES 21 ) similar to other Tephritis species. Female. Oviscape reddish yellow (in summer generation) to black (in overwintering generation), longer than 4 posteriormost abdominal tergites combined but shorter than abdomen, widely white setulose ventrally and on anterolateral corners dorsally, brown or yellow setulose and setose dorsomedially and posteriorly ( Fig. 20a View FIGURES 20 ). Eversible membrane with 2 pairs of taeniae 0.25 × as long as membrane itself; membrane with dentate scales, anteromedially large and blunt ( Fig. 21b View FIGURES 21 ). Aculeus 4.5× as long as wide, with evenly acute apex ( Figs 21a, c View FIGURES 21 ). 2 moderately long, papillose spermathecae 4× as long as wide ( Fig. 21d View FIGURES 21 ).

Measurements: Female. BL= 7.2–7.9 mm (n=10); WL= 5.2–6.2 mm (n=5), C2= 1.2–1.3 mm; AL= 2.1–2.2 mm; C2/AL = 0.57–0.62 (n=5). Male. BL= 5.8–6.5 mm (n=5); WL= 5.1–6.1 mm (n=5).

Host plant. The larvae feed in flower heads of Inula macrophylla Kar. et Kir. (= Inula grandis Schrenk ex Fisch. & C. A. Mey ) in Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan) and Inula stenocalathia (Rech. f.) Soldano (= Codonocephalum stenocalathium Rech. f.), in Iran ( Korneyev et al. 2015a).

Distribution. Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan ( Korneyev et al. 2015a).

Remarks. Tephritis kogardtauica occurs in the lower and middle belt of mountains, from 900 to 2600 m a. s. l. on ungrazed grasslands, often on steep slopes filled mainly by Serratula or Saussurea spp. ( Asteraceae ), and with Inula spp. plants as subdominants.

ZMUH

Germany, Hamburg, Universitaet von Hamburg, Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum

SIZK

Ukraine, Kiev, Schmaulhausen Institute of Zoology

ZISP

Russia, St. Petersburg, Russian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute

SIZK

Schmaulhausen Institute of Zoology

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Tephritidae

Genus

Tephritis