Denisiella colombiana, Ospina, Marcela & Palacios-Vargas, José G., 2009

Ospina, Marcela & Palacios-Vargas, José G., 2009, A new Denisiella Folsom and Mills, 1938 (Collembola: Sminthurididae) from Colombia, Zootaxa 2168, pp. 63-68: 63-67

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.189144

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/09347403-0C34-FFA3-88A5-F96B44CDFD73

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Denisiella colombiana
status

sp. nov.

Denisiella colombiana   sp. nov.

Figs 1–14 View FIGURES 1 – 8 View FIGURES 9 – 14

Description. Male. Length 600 µm (n = 12). Body dark purple and furcula almost transparent. Legs and antennae with purple pigment at their bases. 6 + 6 pigmented eyes.

Antennae classically bent as in all Sminthurididae   males, elbowed between Ant. II and III. Ratio of antennal segments about 1:1.1: 0.47:0.69. Ant. I with 7 setae, two of them very small and thin. Ant. II with 20 setae, five very thick, one microseta, one sensilla, two trichobothria (Tra 1, Tra 2) one microsensillum, and modified setae b 1–6 on the same tubercle ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1 – 8 ). Ant. III with 9 setae, three setulae, one trichobothrium, three spines one ventral microsensillum and antennal organ with a pair of oval separate microsensilla ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1 – 8 ). Seta c 1 lamellate, c 2 rounded and lamellate, seta c 3 as one large spine; Ant. IV simple, elliptical with about 40 setae, olfactory setae very difficult to distinguish. Chaetotaxy of the head ( Fig. 2 View FIGURES 1 – 8 ), with two spine-like setae (in middle line of anterior part).

Leg I: coxa with one seta, trochanter with three setae; femur with 11; tibiotarsus basally on the outer side with four big organs, bladder-like, thickwalled, and highly elevated ( Fig. 3 View FIGURES 1 – 8 ), about 30 setae, and two microsetae. Leg II: coxa with one seta and one spine; trochanter with three setae; femur with 11 setae, two of them much longer; tibiotarsus with 36 setae, two oval organs and one stout thicker dorsal seta and one cylindrical organ ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 1 – 8 ). Leg III: coxa (44 µm) with two setae and one spine; trochanter (53 µm) with two setae, one microsetae and one small spine; femur (91 µm) with 10 setae and one microseta, tibiotarsus (212 µm) with four stout and coarsely serrate spine-like setae, 26 setae and three oval organs; pretarsus with one setae on each side. Unguis (33 µm) without tunica and with one small inner tooth; unguiculus (17 µm) with short filament not surpassing the unguis. Tibiotarsal organ absent ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 1 – 8 ).

Thoracic segmentation not evident. Dorsal chaetotaxy of small abdominal segment with thick setae. Ventral tube with 1 + 1 setae. Tenaculum, corpus with two setae, basal appendix and three teeth. Genital and anal segments ankylosed into a single mass Genital plate of the male with one pregenital seta and 4 + 4 eugenital setae. Lateral anal valves with two serrate setae each ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 1 – 8 ). Manubrium with seven pairs of setae, one of them longer ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 1 – 8 ). Dens with 42 posterior setae, two of them very long, and some of the internal ones thicker ( Fig. 8 View FIGURES 1 – 8 ); anterior surface with the formula 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 1, 1, 1. Mucro with two lamellae, the inner serrate, with 17–19 serrations, outer lamella smooth, one mucronal outer seta. Length of manubrium 76 µm, dens 178 µm, and mucro 76 µm, ratio as 1: 2.3: 1. Maximum length (µm) of setae on head 34, body 44, dens 34, tibiotarsus 31.

Female. Length 1,094 µm (n= 7). Body dark purple. Legs, antennae and furcula light purple. 6 + 6 pigmented eyes.

Antennae not elbowed between Ant. II and III. Ratio of antennal segments about 1: 1.2: 1.6: 2.5 Ant. I with 5 setae ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 9 – 14 ). Ant. II with 12 setae. Ant. III with 13 setae and the antennal organ with a pair of oval separate microsensilla. Ant. IV simple, elongated with about 45 setae, olfactory setae impossible to distinguish. The chaetotaxy of the head ( Fig. 10 View FIGURES 9 – 14 ), only with thin setae.

Leg I: coxa with one seta; trochanter with three setae; femur with 11; tibiotarsus with about 30 setae, two oval organs and one serrate setae. Leg II: coxa with one seta and one spine; trochanter with three setae; femur with 12 setae, two of them much longer ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 9 – 14 ); tibiotarsus with 36 setae and two microsetae. Leg III: coxa (56 µm) with 2 setae, one microseta and one small spine; trochanter (69 µm) with two setae, one microsetae and one small spine; femur (94 µm) with 10 setae and one microseta; tibiotarsus (225 µm) with five stout and coarsely serrate spine-like setae, 26 setae and two oval organs; pretarsus with one setae on each side. Unguis (52 µm) without tunica and with one small inner tooth; unguiculus (44 µm) with long filament surpassing the unguis. Tibiotarsal organ absent ( Fig. 12 View FIGURES 9 – 14 ).

Thoracic segmentation not evident. Dorsal chaetotaxy of small abdominal segment with three pairs of serrate setae ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 9 – 14 ). Ventral tube with 1 + 1 setae. Tenaculum, corpus with two setae, basal appendix and three teeth. Genital and anal segments ankylosed into a single mass. Manubrium with seven pairs of setae, one of them longer. Dens with 42 posterior setae, two of them very long ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 9 – 14 ), anterior surface with the formula 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 1, 1, 1. Mucro with two lamellae, inner lamella serrate, with about 23 serrations, outer lamella smooth, with one mucronal outer seta ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 9 – 14 ). Length of manubrium 76 µm, dens 227 µm, and mucro 104 µm, their ratio as 1: 2.9: 1.3. Maximum length (µm) of setae on head 45, body 52, dens 42, tibiotarsus 43.

Type material. Holotype male, 11 paratypes males, 7 paratypes females, all slides-mounted, preserved in Laboratorio de Artrópodos de suelo, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical Cali, Colombia.

Type locality. Colombia: Tolima: Espinal, Nataima (4 º 9 ’ N; 74 º 53 ’ W), collected between 16 April and 1 June 2004 (12 males and 5 females). From pitfall traps, maize field, G. Fabio Velez coll.

Other locality. Meta, Villavicencio, collected on May 7, 2004 (2 females). From pitfall traps, maize field, G. Fabio Velez coll.

Etymology. This species is named after the country of the type locality.

Discussion. The four organs on tibiotarsus I, apparently found in males of all species belonging to the genus Denisiella   , are relatively large. The modified seta on tibiotarsus II is cylindrical, something very different from other species.

In males, the structures on Ant. II and III of D. colombiana   sp. nov. are similar to D. diomedesi   , but D. colombiana   sp. nov. has three spines on Ant III. The number of normal setae on all antennal articles is less than in D. maesorum   and D. diomedesi   . The four bladder-like organs on tibiotarsus I of the new species are larger than in other species.

In females, the general morphology is similar to D. sexpinnata   and D. ramosa   . The difference is in the eyes number, 6 + 6 in D. colombiana   sp. nov. and 8 + 8 in D. sexpinnatus   , in addition D. colombiana   sp. nov. is missing the serrate setae on tibiotarsus II, which are present in D. sexpinnatus   and D. ramosa   .