Oodora rapuzzii Soliman & Gadallah,

Soliman, Ahmed M., Gadallah, Neveen S. & Al Dhafer, Hathal M., 2019, First record of the genus Oodera Westwood, 1874 (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae, Cleonyminae, Ooderini) from the Arabian Peninsula, with the description of four new species, ZooKeys 874, pp. 47-68: 47

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Oodora rapuzzii Soliman & Gadallah

sp. nov.

Oodora rapuzzii Soliman & Gadallah  sp. nov. Figs 2CView Figure 2, 3CView Figure 3, 4CView Figure 4, 5 (C, G), 6C, 7C, 8C, 9(C, G), 10C, 11(B, E)View Figure 5

Material examined.

Holotype ♀: SAUDI ARABIA, Al-Baha (Wadi Tourabah), 12.iv.2016, leg. P. Rapuzzi, e.l. Acacia  [ KSMA]. Paratypes: 3♀ & 2♂: SAUDI ARABIA, Al-Baha (Al-Mikhwah, The Ain Village), 13.iv.2016, leg. D. Baiocchi, e.l. Acacia  sp. [ KSMA]; 3♂: SAUDI ARABIA, Al-Baha (Wadi Shoqab), 12.iv.2016, leg. D. Baiocchi, e.l. Acacia  sp. [ KSMA]; 1♂: SAUDI ARABIA, Al-Baha (Wadi Yabah), 15.iv.2016, leg. D. Baiocchi, e.l. Acacia  sp. [ KSMA]; 1♂: SAUDI ARABIA, Asir (Wadi Sabian, 28 km S. Muhayil), 5.iv.2017, leg. D. Baiocchi, e.l. Acacia  sp. [ KSMA]; 2♀ & 2♂: OMAN, Dhofar (Rawiyya), 16.i.2018, leg. D. Baiocchi, e.l. Acacia  sp. [ KSMA]; 1♂: OMAN, Dhofar (Mirbat), 15−18.i.2018, leg. D. Baiocchi, e.l. Acacia  sp. [ KSMA].


Both sexes (N = 16). See Table 1.


Female (holotype): Body length 5.6mm (excluding the ovipositor).

Colour. Head black on corona, scrobal depression and occiput, coppery on face (lower face with green luster), blue on gena ( Figs 5C, GView Figure 5, 6CView Figure 6); scape red-brown on basal two-thirds, rest of antenna, maxillary and labial palpi dark brown to black ( Figs 3CView Figure 3, 5CView Figure 5, 7CView Figure 7). Mesosomal dorsum black with blue luster on pronotal disc, green on anterior half of mesoscutum, green and purple on anterior part of axilla and on all mesoscutellum, blue and purple on propodeum ( Figs 8CView Figure 8, 9GView Figure 9); mesosomal venter with strong blue, green and purple luster ( Fig. 4CView Figure 4); coxae black with strong purple luster on ventral side of procoxa ( Fig. 4CView Figure 4); profemur black with green tint on outer face ( Fig. 3CView Figure 3); trochaters, meso- and metafemora brown, tarsi yellow-brown ( Fig. 4CView Figure 4). Metasoma black, with patches of green-purple on lateral sides of Gt2−4 ( Figs 2CView Figure 2, 3CView Figure 3, 4CView Figure 4). Wings hyaline, veins brown ( Fig. 10CView Figure 10).

Head. 1.66 × as wide as long ( Fig. 5CView Figure 5); hea.w 4.56 × eye.d ( Fig. 5CView Figure 5); face setiferous foveate-reticulate, setae lanceolate, white and short ( Fig. 5CView Figure 5); msp.l 0.43 × head height ( Fig. 5GView Figure 5); corona 0.6 × as long as eye.h ( Fig. 5CView Figure 5); POL 1.33 × OOL ( Fig. 6CView Figure 6); scape 3 × as long as pedicel; clava 0.15 × as long as funicle; flagellum 1.45 × as long as head width; F1 0.68 × as long as F2; F2 hardly longer than F3, 1.05 ×.

Mesosoma. Pronotum pentagonal, 0.5 × as long as mesonotum ( Fig. 8CView Figure 8); mesonotum 1.5 × as long as mesoscutum ( Fig. 8CView Figure 8); mesoscutum as long as wide ( Fig. 8CView Figure 8); mesoscutellum 0.44 × as long as mesoscutum ( Fig. 8CView Figure 8); propodeum laterally with a smooth ridge in front of the setose area ( Fig. 9GView Figure 9); profemur 1.29 × as long as protibia; pronotal disc and posterior part of mesoscutum with stout short white setae.

Forewing ( Fig. 10CView Figure 10). Forewing 2.84 × as long as wide; costal cell 0.35 × as long as forewing; marginal vein 0.21 × as long as forewing; marginal vein 3.62 × as long as stigmal vein; postmarginal vein 3.79 × as long as stigmal vein.

Metasoma ( Fig. 2CView Figure 2, 3CView Figure 3, 4CView Figure 4). mts.l/mts.w = 2.45.


Similar to female but slightly darker in colour. Genitalia ( Fig. 11B, EView Figure 11) widely rounded above; volsella with four outwardly directed, sharp teeth, the innermost one is very short compared with the others.

Host record.

Anthaxia (Haplanthaxia) abdita  Bílý, 1982, A. (H.) cf. angustipennis  (Klug, 1829), A. (H.) kneuckeri zabranskyi  Bílý, 1995, A. (H.) marginifera dhofarica  Bílý, 2003, A. (H.) wittmeri  Bílý, 1979; Chalcogenia halperini arabica  Bílý, 2008 ( Buprestidae  ).


Oman (Dhofar governorate); Saudi Arabia (Al-Baha and Asir regions).


The new species closely resembles O. formosa  (Giraud), but differs from it in the following combination of characters: wing hyaline (partly infumate in O. formosa  ); corona thick, 3.25−4.00 × as long as wide, with structure interrupted (thick to medium, 3.20−6.67, structure continuous in O. formosa  ); metasomal length short to medium, 0.44−0.47 × as long as body (short to long, 0.43−0.55 in O. formosa  ); ovipositor length rather long, 0.16−0.19 × as long as metasoma (usually short, 0.09−0.17 in O. formosa  ); head and mesosoma with strong blue colour in some parts (never with blue evident in O. formosa  ).


This species is named in honour of Pierpaolo Rapuzzi, who participated in the breeding of this species from the dead wood of Acacia  sp.