Gabbia microcosta, Ponder, 2003

Ponder, Winston F., 2003, Monograph of the Australian Bithyniidae (Caenogastropoda: Rissooidea), Zootaxa 230 (1), pp. 1-126: 90-92

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.230.1.1

publication LSID


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scientific name

Gabbia microcosta

n. sp.

Gabbia microcosta   n. sp.

Etymology Micro (Gr.) – small; costa (L.) – rib.

Type material

1.5 km N of Bridge Ck , along Stuart Hwy, ca   . 32 km SE of Adelaide R TS, NT, 13° 25.450'S, 131° 18.300'E, 28 APR 1996, V.Kessner (ex VKC 24293 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   (Holotype, AMS C.417677; paratypes AMS C.318641, 17 wet, 11 dry, 5 on SEM stub; VKC 24293 View Materials , 16; NTM P21374 View Materials , 5)   .

Additional material examined

Northern Territory: Stuart Hwy , 3 km S of Adelaide R TS, 13° 14.210'S, 131° 6.330'E, in mud among grass and reeds, 24 JUN 1996, W.F.Ponder & D.L.Beechey ( AMS C.202810, 20+); GoogleMaps   25.5 km N of Hayes Ck, along Stuart Hwy (ca. 32 km SE of Adelaide R TS) NT, 13° 25.450'S, 131° 18.300'E, 16 APR 1988, V.Kessner ( VKC 12811 View Materials , 20 +; AMS C.318564, 6; AMS C.307279, 2; AMS C.307861, 9); GoogleMaps   4.2 km W of Mt Ringwood Stn HS, E of Howley Ck, 13° 7.820'S, 131° 20.000'E, 10 AUG 1996, V.Kessner ( VKC 24263 View Materials , 2); GoogleMaps   ca. 33 km S Adelaide R TS at waterhole on side of Stuart Hwy, 13° 26'E, 131° 19'E, in dried up waterhole, 25 JUN 1996, W.F.Ponder, A.C.Miller, D.L.Beechey & V.Kessner ( AMS C.202807, 9); GoogleMaps   seasonal ponds 17.7 km NW of Hayes Ck, along Stuart Hwy, ca. 40 km SE of Adelaide R TS, NT, 13° 28.680'S, 131° 21.360'E, 16 APR 1988, V.Kessner ( VKC 12812 View Materials , 5; AMS C.318628, 1) GoogleMaps   .


Shell ( Figs 1K View FIGURE 1 , 19 View FIGURE 19 E­G, 31B,C) moderate to large (up to 10.6 mm in length), conical, with up to 5.5 convex whorls. Protoconch of about smooth 1.5 whorls. Teleoconch sculptured with moderately distinct, regular collabral, linear­spaced micro­costae crossed by very fine (but visible with light microscope) spiral threads; base evenly convex; umbilicus small to very small, closed. Aperture broadly ovate; peristome thin; outer lip slightly to moderately prosocline. Opaque to semi­translucent; periostracum very thin, transparent, yellowish­white to pale brown.

Dimensions. See Table 23 for dimensions of holotype and Appendix, Table 29, for summary shell dimensions and whorl counts.

Operculum ( Fig. 27 View FIGURE 27 J­L) typical of genus. Ovate, yellow­brown to brown, with distinct concentric growth ridges; inner surface with muscle scar sculptured with brain­like sculpture to irregular pits and ridges.

Radula (Appendix Table 30; Fig. 33 View FIGURES 33 D­G) typical of genus. Central teeth with 3­4 cusps on either side of median cusp which is about 1.3­1.4 times longer than adjacent cusps and its base about twice as wide; median cusp triangular, base about 0.7­0.8 length, with angulation at about half to one third of length often bearing weak denticle. Face of central tooth with 1­3 pairs of cusps that extend to lateral margin forming simple to denticulate ridge, inner pair much larger than others, large (about half total height of tooth); lateral margins straight to very slightly concave, at about 30­37º; basal tongue narrowly triangular, with rather pointed end. Lateral teeth with cusp formula 3 + 1 + 3; with cutting edge about 0.3­0.4 length of lateral part of tooth; median cusp up to nearly twice as long as adjacent cusps, bluntly pointed to sharp; upper edge of lateral part of tooth at about 60º to cutting edge, lateral edge straight to slightly concave. Inner marginal teeth with 16+ cusps, outer marginals with 9­15 cusps.

Head­foot and anatomy not examined.

Distribution ( Fig. 22 View FIGURE 22 ) and habitat. This species appears to have a restricted distribution, being known only from a small area south of Adelaide River township where it lives in seasonal swamps and pools.


This species is most similar to G. affinis   from Queensland, but is much larger ( Fig. 30B View FIGURE 30 ) and has more distinct and regular micro axials than that species and fine spiral threads that are easily visible under a light microscope. As with G. affinis   , the shells, radula and opercula are generally similar to those of G. vertiginosa   , but the shells differ in being larger and in having fine, regular axial microcostae rather than just fine growth lines. The present species also differs from G. vertiginosa   in the same radular characters outlined for G. affinis   . The basal cusps in this species are variable in strength, with specimens from one sample having a single pair of distinct cusps, although others were usually represented by minute denticles.

The radulae of the specimens attributed to G. affinis   differ in detail from G. microcosta   . These differences include: The basal denticle on lateral teeth projects beyond the base; the lateral edges of the central teeth are at a steeper in most specimens; there is usually at least one fewer basal cusps on the central teeth and these extend to the lateral edges so that the cusps and lateral edge converge distally (they diverge in G. affinis   ); the median cusp on the central teeth is relatively wider, with the denticles usually placed more distally (half or more down the tooth compared with half to further back in G. affinis   ) and the sides of the central tooth behind the denticles are oblique (the entire tooth is triangular) but are approximately parallel­sided in G. affinis   ; and the basal tongue of the central teeth is triangular and pointed (rounded and blunt in G. affinis   ).


Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile