Bulbophyllum jackyi, Fischer & Sieder & Cribb & Kiehn, 2007

Fischer, Gunter A., Sieder, Anton, Cribb, Phillip J. & Kiehn, Michael, 2007, Description of two new species and one new section of Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) from Madagascar, Adansonia (3) 29 (1), pp. 19-25: 22-24

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5187226

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0D1D87D6-FF86-FF99-FC82-40274356FDF3

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Bulbophyllum jackyi
status

 

Bulbophyllum jackyi  

G.A.Fischer, Sieder & P.J.Cribb, sp. nov. ( Fig. 2 View FIG )

In sectione Ploiario Schltr. ponenda sed pseudobulbis unifoliis, inflorescentia nonnihil conica nutanti, bracteis convexis late ovatis erosis flores occultantibus, labello carnoso late ovato papilloso et sepalis lateralibus intus papillosis et extus late alatis.

TYPUS. — Madagascar. Fianarantsoa, Farafangana, Iabomary shortly before Mahabo-Mananivo , Mahabo forest , 36 m, 23°10’55’’S, 47°42’31’’E, 14.XI.2002, Fischer, Sieder & Andriantiana FS 868 (holo-, GoogleMaps   PBZT!; iso-, WU!).

DESCRIPTION

Roots borne along the rhizome and below the pseudobulbs. Rhizome creeping, subulate, 3 mm in diam., sections between pseudobulbs 30-50 mm long, rhizome scales present. Pseudobulbs distantly spaced, orbicular, 8-10 × 10-12 mm, unifoliate. Petiole absent – leaf sessile. Leaf blade obovate, 40- 60 mm long × 25-38 mm wide, obtuse to emarginate. Inflorescence a short raceme, 25-38 mm long, 10- to 15-flowered. Peduncle 22-25 mm long, with 4 bracts. Rhachis, thickened, fleshy, 10-13 mm long, 6-8 mm in diam. Floral bracts 4, acute-obtuse, 7- 9 mm long. Flowers entirely dark purple. Pedicel and ovary 3-5 mm long. Median sepal ovate, 6-8 × 4-5 mm; mucronate, margins papillose, inner surface very papillose, base broadly attached; fleshy, 3-veined. Lateral sepals fused to a cap-like structure, recurved, covering all flower parts, 18 × 18 mm (both lateral sepals), acute; margins entire, base broadly attached; fleshy, 3-veined, glabrous except the inner part of the fused sepals around the lip, which is very papillose. Petals ovate, 1-2.2 mm, lower margins ciliate, fleshy, 1-veined. Lip recurved at 1/3 of its length, ovate, surface papillose, thick, fleshy. Column winged, 4- 5 mm long. Stelidia triangular, acute with a small acute tooth along the upper margin. Anther surface slightly papillose. Pollinia 4, ovoid, the inner 2/3 as long as the outer.

HABITAT

Epiphyte growing in lowland heath forest on white sand.

DISTRIBUTION

Endemic in East Madagascar.

ETYMOLOGY

The plant is named after Jacky Andriantiana, coworker at several field trips and specialist for the orchids of Madagascar.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Bulbophyllum jackyi   is only known from one locality which is under heavy pressure through forest clearing activities of local people; the surrounding forest already having been cleared. Therefore the species must be considered as Critically Endan- gered (CR B1a+b (iii)) according to the IUCN (2001) criteria.

TAXONOMIC RELATIONSHIPS

Bulbophyllum jackyi   fits morphologically and phylogenetically into section Ploiarium   but differs from other species in the section in having unifoliate pseudobulbs, very short inflorescences, broad, erose bracts that enclose the flowers, a broadly ovate, papillose, fleshy lip and distinctive broadly winged lateral sepals that are papillose within.