Zelotes baram, Levy, Gershom, 2009

Levy, Gershom, 2009, New ground-spider genera and species with annexed checklist of the Gnaphosidae (Araneae) of Israel, Zootaxa 2066, pp. 1-49 : 31-32

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.186952

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6222043

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/0E2987C9-792E-0C32-3DF6-FBAAFAEFFF17

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Zelotes baram
status

n. sp.

Zelotes baram n. sp.

Figs 67–70 View FIGURES 67, 68 View FIGURES 69, 70

Type material. Adult male holotype from Bar’am forest, northern Galilee, Israel, leg. Rakefet Sharon, September 1996, pitfall trap ( HUJ 15386 View Materials ); female paratype from the same locality, August 1996 ( HUJ 15387 View Materials ).

Etymology. The specific name is a noun in apposition referring to the type locality.

Description. Body and legs brown. Male with large dorsal scutum. Small eyes, ALE largest. Chelicerae with 3 pro-. and 1–2 retromarginal teeth.

Male. Measurements (holotype + 10 ɗɗ; holotype listed first): total length 5.2, 4.8–5.9; carapace length 2.5, 2.3–2.6, width 1.9, 1.8 –2.0, index 1.32, 1.26–1.33; labial index 1.14, 1.12–1.29; clypeal index 1.50, 1.50–1.67; MOQ index 9.6, 10.0– 10.4; legs length: I 5.3, 5.1–5.8, II 4.9, 4.4–5.1, III 4.6, 4.1–4.7, IV 6.7, 6.1–6.9; patella-tibia index 0.84, 0.84–0.91.

Palpus. Large, with massive, deep brown terminal apophysis (TA), and black stylet-like embolic projection (EP; Figs 67, 68 View FIGURES 67, 68 ); embolus (E) hidden on ventral view by light median apophysis (M; Fig. 67 View FIGURES 67, 68 ) and best seen on lateral view ( Fig. 68 View FIGURES 67, 68 ). Large tibial apophysis extends over half length of bulb ( Fig. 68 View FIGURES 67, 68 ).

Female. Measurements (6 ΨΨ): total length 5.8–6.8; carapace length 2.4–2.9, width 1.8–2.2, index 1.30–1.35; labial index 1.05–1.24; clypeal index 1.25–1.67; MOQ index 9.3–10.8; legs length: I 5.3–6.3, II 4.8–5.8, III 4.4–5.2, IV 6.7–7.7; patella-tibia index 0.81–0.88.

Epigynum . Large epigynal plate with dark anterior corner-caps set far apart ( Fig. 69 View FIGURES 69, 70 ); sides of elongated median depression marked by raised, sclerotized rims dilated anteriorly ( Fig. 69 View FIGURES 69, 70 ). Round blackish spermathecae extend into short, thick flexed tubes ( Fig. 70 View FIGURES 69, 70 ).

Diagnosis. The general configuration of the male palpus and the shape of the female epigynal plate of Zelotes baram closely resemble Zelotes species of the galuni subgroup ( Levy 1998). However, Z. baram is readily distinguished, also from all other Zelotes species, by the shape of the terminal apophysis with the sharp, rigid embolic process of the male palpus, and the outlines of the epigynal, median depression and the shape of the inner spermathecae.

Distribution. Israel: northern Galilee and Golan Heights. Records: Mas’ada, Odem forest, Bar’am forest, Mt. Meron.

Comments. Zelotes baram occurs at altitudes above 750m. Specimens were found the year round.

HUJ

Hebrew University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Gnaphosidae

Genus

Zelotes